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Specific city
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 부천시
 • Hanja 富川市
 • Revised Romanization Bucheon-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Puch'ŏn-si
City Hall
City Hall
Official logo of Bucheon
Emblem of Bucheon
Location of Bucheon
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 36 dong
 • Total 53.44 km2 (20.63 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (July 31, 2016)
 • Total 848,123
 • Density 16,660.78/km2 (43,151.2/sq mi)
 • Dialect Seoul
Postal code 420010-428843
Area code(s) (+82) 32
Website www.bucheon.go.kr (English)

Bucheon is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Bucheon is a satellite city of Seoul,[1] 25 kilometres (16 miles) away. This city is located between Incheon and Seoul.

Bucheon is the second most densely populated city in South Korea after Seoul,[2] and as a result, administrative districts were abolished in July 2016 in favor of providing greater public service in community centers.[3]

Major manufacturing operations are located in the northern areas of the city, while the areas in the south where Seoul Subway Line 7 and Seoul Subway Line 1 pass are dense commercial and residential areas.

Modern history[edit]

In 1914, outer areas of Incheon City (including former city centre of Gwangyo-dong of old Incheon) and Bupyeong County were joined together under the name Bucheon. In 1931, Gyenam township (myeon, 계남면) was renamed Sosa township (myeon, 소사면). In 1936, the westernmost part of Bucheon which were part of old Incheon (including the former Incheon city centre of Gwangyo-dong) was incorporated in Incheon City and in 1940 some other part of old Incheon belonging to Bucheon Country was incorporated in Incheon again while part of old Bupyeong was annexed to Incheon at the same time. In 1941, Sosa township promoted to eup (town) status.[4]

January 1, 1963, when the great expansion of Seoul was implemented, several districts were combined to Yeongdeungpo-gu (영등포구) of Seoul Metropolitan City as below.[5]

Old districts New districts
Ojeong-myeon Ogok-ri and Osoe-ri Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul Ogok-ri, Osoe-ri, Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri
Sosa-eup Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri

In 1988, two districts were established. Bucheon was divided into Nam-gu ("south", 남구) and Jung-gu ("central", 중구) along the Seoul-Incheon trainline. Present day Sosa-gu was formerly called Nam-gu.

In 1993, Bucheon's Jung-gu was separated into two further districts, forming Wonmi (원미구) and Ojeong (오정구) Districts.

The three districts were abolished in July 2016 as Bucheon decided to become a unified city without any administrative districts.[6]



Arts and education[edit]

Bucheon promotes itself as the cultural centre of the Seoul Metropolitan Area. The Bucheon Philharmonic Orchestra is located there, an annual international film festival is held in July called the Bucheon International Fantastic Film Festival or BiFan, and an annual international bboy competition called Bucheon Bboy International Championship (BBIC) held by Jinjo Crew since 2016.

Bucheon's institutions of higher education include: Bucheon College, Yuhan College, Catholic University of Korea Bucheon campus, and Seoul Theological University.


There are a number of markets in Bucheon, including the traditional market that runs along the south side of Bucheon Station, and a smaller traditional market that is located between Songnae Station and Jungdong Station. Bucheon Station has an underground shopping center, a small Starbucks, and an E-Mart with a small Kyobo Book store on the top floor.

There are many department store. In the Jung Dong area there is a Lotte Department store (formally GS Square) with a HomePlus located just across the street. On the Jung Dong and Sang Dong cusp there are a number of shopping places including the Hyundai Department Store, E-mart, and UPLEX (formally known as "The Mall"). UPLEX has a CGV movie cinema. The main Bucheon intercity bus terminal is attached to a shopping center called Newcore and it has a grocery store called Kim's Club located on the ground floor. There is also a movie cinema called Primus (프리머스) located in Newcore. There is also a large HomePlus located beside Newcore with a Save Zone shopping center opposite it.

Songnae Station has a Toona Shopping Mall, which mostly sells clothing. Yeokgok Station has a Homeplus. There is also a Homeplus in Northern Bucheon, nearer to Bucheon Stadium.

Bars and restaurants[edit]

The busiest areas for bars and restaurants are located by Bucheon Station, Lotte Department Store (formally GS Square), and Hyundai Department Store.

There are a few foreign food restaurants and bars in Bucheon such as Nicolia (located in Jung Dong) and 2 bars near Hyundai department store called The Park and Rhythm and Booze.[7] Both bars are popular with the local expat community and both have events to celebrate various foreign holidays. They both have pool tables and dart boards, live music, DJs, and sports events on TV.

There are also three Indian and Nepalese restaurants; Masala and Tandoor are located in Jung Dong near Hyundai Department Store and Annapurna located near Bucheon Station. And there are several restaurants which serve steaks, pasta and different kinds of western food in Jung Dong area. There are Ashley, Outback stake house, VIPs (located in the Uplex mall.) and seafood restaurant (near Newcore).

There are few local cafe or restaurants providing English menu, or clerks who can speak English. one of them is Cafe Mosaic,[8] located near Bucheon University, famous with hand-made pizza and burgers with various drinks.


Map of Seoul Metro lines passing through Bucheon over its municipal districts

Bucheon has an extensive bus network of local and area buses that connect the city to Seoul, Incheon and other surrounding cities. Bucheon Bus Terminal has buses connecting to different cities and provinces throughout the country. The Seoul Subway System Line 1 and Line 7 runs through Bucheon. There are currently eight stations within Bucheon City; Bucheon Station, Songnae Station, Kkachiul, Bucheon Stadium, Chunui, Sinjung-dong, Bucheon City Hall, and Sang-dong which continues through Incheon ending at Bupyeong Station.

Bucheon has currently two subway lines under construction. The Sosa-Wonsi Line will open in 2018, connecting Bucheon's Sosa Station with Choji Station of Seoul Subway Line 4 in Ansan. The Daegok-Sosa Line will open in 2021, connecting with the Sosa-Wonsi Line as a single line. It will provide subway service in the northern area of Bucheon and connect the city to Gimpo International Airport Station where transfers to Seoul Subway Line 5, Seoul Subway Line 9, AREX and Gimpo Goldline will be available. The line terminates at Daegok Station in Goyang, which offers a transfer to Seoul Subway Line 3 and Gyeongui-Jungang Line.

In addition, the city is getting a completely new subway line in the future which will connect Bucheon's northern Wonjeong area to Hongik University Station.[9]


There are a number of churches in Bucheon, including a Full Gospel Church near Lotte Department Store and the English-language "Bucheon Onnuri English Ministry" (BOEM)[10] in Sang Dong. There is also a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints located a short ways north of Bucheon Station. Evangelism and mission is a key expression of Christianity in the Bucheon churches.

Notable people[edit]


Bucheon is home to the K League Challenge football team Bucheon FC 1995.

See also[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ Hae Un Rii, Jae-Seob Ahn. Ian Douglas, Shu-Li Huang, ed. 3.Urbanization and its Impact on Seoul, Korea (pdf). Urbanization, East Asia and Habitat II. Taiwan NGO Professionalization Watch. Retrieved 2016-02-17. 
  2. ^ http://news.heraldcorp.com/view.php?ud=20160516000533
  3. ^ http://news.heraldcorp.com/view.php?ud=20160516000533
  4. ^ http://www.bucheon.go.kr/participation/guide/city_history/WEB_XXXX_History02.asp Official page of Bucheon city(Korean)
  5. ^ Alteration of regions concerning Seoul, provinces, counties and districts(1962-11-21)
  6. ^ http://www.incheonilbo.com/?mod=news&act=articleView&idxno=716745
  7. ^ http://www.eatyourkimchi.com/bucheons-rhythm-and-booze/ Video Blog Directions to and Review of Rhythm and Booze
  8. ^ Blog: http://bcmosaic.blog.me
  9. ^ http://news1.kr/articles/?2696904
  10. ^ Bucheon Onnuri English Ministry (BOEM) website
  11. ^ "Sakiroo 'Lemon's Origin'" (in Korean). Monthly Digital Insight. July 7, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°30′N 126°47′E / 37.500°N 126.783°E / 37.500; 126.783