|• Revised Romanization||Bucheon-si|
|Administrative divisions||10 dong|
|• Mayor||Jang Deog-cheon (Democratic)|
|• Total||53.44 km2 (20.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
(July 31, 2016)
|• Density||16,660.78/km2 (43,151.2/sq mi)|
|Website||www.Bucheon.go.kr (in English)|
Bucheon (Korean pronunciation: [ˈpu.tɕʰʌn]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Bucheon is located 25 kilometers (16 mi) away from Seoul, of which it is a satellite city.  It is located between Incheon and Seoul.
Bucheon is the second most densely populated city in South Korea after Seoul, and as a result, administrative districts were abolished in July 2016 in favor of providing greater public service in community centers.
Major manufacturing operations are located in the northern areas of the city, while the areas in the south where Seoul Subway Line 7 and Seoul Subway Line 1 pass are dense commercial and residential areas.
In 1914, the outer areas of Incheon City (including Gwangyo-dong, old Incheon's city center) and Bupyeong County were joined together under the name Bucheon. In 1931, Gyenam township (myeon, 계남면) was renamed Sosa township (myeon, 소사면). In 1936, the westernmost part of Bucheon, then part of old Incheon, was incorporated in Incheon City and in 1940 some other part of old Incheon belonging to Bucheon Country was incorporated in Incheon again while part of old Bupyeong was annexed to Incheon at the same time. In 1941, Sosa township promoted to eup (town) status.
|Old districts||New districts|
|Ojeong-myeon||Ogok-ri and Osoe-ri||Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul||Ogok-ri, Osoe-ri, Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri|
|Sosa-eup||Hang-ri, Onsu-ri, Gung-ri, Cheonwang-ri, Oryu-ri, Gaebong-ri and Gocheok-ri|
In 1988, two districts were established. Bucheon was divided into Nam-gu ("south", 남구) and Jung-gu ("central", 중구) along the Seoul-Incheon trainline. Present day Sosa-gu was formerly called Nam-gu.
The three districts were abolished in July 2016 as Bucheon decided to become a unified city without any administrative districts.
Arts and education
Bucheon promotes itself as the cultural centre of the Seoul Metropolitan Area. The Bucheon Philharmonic Orchestra is located there, an annual international film festival is held in July called the Bucheon International Fantastic Film Festival or BiFan, and an annual international bboy competition called Bucheon Bboy International Championship (BBIC) held by Jinjo Crew since 2016.
- Bucheon Aiins World festival - The miniature theme park Aiins World is hosting the World Nightview Fantasy Lighting Festival. There are famous buildings like the Eiffel Tower in France. The festival runs from 6 p.m. to 11 p.m. all year long, and is closed on rainy days. The last admission is at 10 p.m.
- Bucheon Bboy International Championship (BBIC) - An international bboy competition held by world-famous bboy crew called Jinjo.
|Year||Winner||Runner Up||Semi Finalists||Quarter Finalists|
|2017||Vagabonds||Red Bull BC One All-Stars|
|2018||Team Europe||Red Bull BC One All-Stars|
|2019||Red Bull BC One All-Stars||Modern Skillz|
There are a number of markets in Bucheon, including the traditional market that runs along the south side of Bucheon Station, and a smaller traditional market that is located between Songnae Station and Jungdong Station. Bucheon Station has an underground shopping center, a small Starbucks, and an E-Mart with a small Kyobo Book store on the top floor.
There are many department stores. In the Jung Dong area there is a Lotte Department store (formally GS Square) with a HomePlus located just across the street. On the Jung Dong and Sang Dong cusp there are a number of shopping places including the Hyundai Department Store, E-mart, and UPLEX (formally known as "The Mall"). UPLEX has a CGV movie cinema. The main Bucheon intercity bus terminal is attached to a shopping center called Newcore and it has a grocery store called Kim's Club located on the ground floor. There is also a movie cinema called Primus (프리머스) located in Newcore which is change into CGV nowadays. There is also a large HomePlus located beside Newcore with a Save Zone shopping center opposite it.
Songnae Station has a Toona Shopping Mall, which mostly sells clothing. Yeokgok Station has a Homeplus. There is also a Homeplus in Northern Bucheon, nearer to Bucheon Stadium.
Bars and restaurants
The busiest areas for bars and restaurants are located by Bucheon Station, Lotte Department Store (formally GS Square), and Hyundai Department Store.
Bucheon has an extensive bus network of local and area buses that connect the city to Seoul, Incheon and other surrounding cities. Bucheon Bus Terminal has buses connecting to different cities and provinces throughout the country. The Seoul Subway System Line 1 and Line 7 runs through Bucheon. There are currently five stations in Seoul Subway Line Line 1 within Bucheon City, including Bucheon Station and Songnae Station, and seven stations in the Line 7, including Kkachiul, Bucheon Stadium, Chunui, Sinjung-dong, Bucheon City Hall, and Sang-dong, which continues through Incheon ending at Bupyeong Station.
Bucheon has currently two subway lines under construction. The Sosa-Wonsi Line will open in 2018, connecting Bucheon's Sosa Station of the Line 1 with Ansan's Choji Station of Seoul Subway Line 4. The Daegok-Sosa Line will open in 2022, connecting with the Sosa-Wonsi Line as a single line. It will provide subway service in the northern area of Bucheon and connect the city to Gimpo International Airport Station where transfers to Seoul Subway Line 5, Seoul Subway Line 9, AREX and Gimpo Goldline will be available. The line terminates at Daegok Station in Goyang, which offers a transfer to Seoul Subway Line 3 and Gyeongui-Jungang Line.
There are a number of churches in Bucheon, including a Full Gospel Church near Lotte Department Store and the English-language "Bucheon Onnuri English Ministry" (BOEM) in Sang Dong. There is also a Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints located a short ways north of Bucheon Station. Evangelism and mission is a key expression of Christianity in the Bucheon churches. There is also Seogwangsa Temple, beside Weonmisan Mountain.
- Choi Sang-hyun, illustrator and character designer, was born and resides in Bucheon.
- Chu Ye-jin, actress
- Byun Baek-hyun, singer and actor (EXO)
- Kim Seol-hyun, singer and actress (AOA)
- Lee Ha-yi, singer
- Kim Hee-jung, actress
- Ryu Soo-young, actor
- Go Min-soo, singer (UP10TION)
- Moonbyul (Real Name: Moon Byul-yi, Hangul: 문별이), singer/rapper (Mamamoo)
- Yuna Kim, Figure Skater (2010 Olympic Gold medalist for Ladies Single at Vancouver)(2014 Olympic Silver medalist for Ladies Single at Sochi)
- Sora Choi, fashion model
- Katie Kim, singer
- Song Min-gi, rapper and dancer (ATEEZ)
- Choerry (Real Name: Choi Ye-rim, Hangul: 최예림), singer, rapper and dancer (LOOΠΔ)
- Bada (Real Name: Choi Sung-hee, Hangul: 최성희), singer, composer, musical actress and television presenter (S.E.S.)
Twin towns – sister cities
- Hae Un Rii, Jae-Seob Ahn. Ian Douglas, Shu-Li Huang (ed.). 3.Urbanization and its Impact on Seoul, Korea (PDF). Urbanization, East Asia and Habitat II. Taiwan NGO Professionalization Watch. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-06-30. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
- 헤럴드경제 (16 May 2016). 부천시, 상동 영상단지 내 초대형 신세계 복합쇼핑몰 건립 ‘논란’… 시민단체 ‘반발’.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2004-12-14. Retrieved 2008-01-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Official page of Bucheon city(Korean)
- Alteration of regions concerning Seoul, provinces, counties and districts(1962-11-21)
- 부천시 '구 폐지' 효과 벌써 벤치마킹. 13 July 2016.
- "Bucheon becomes UNESCO City of Literature". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2018-10-03.
- Herald, The Korea (2018-06-01). "[Travel Bits] Festivals, sights around Korea". Retrieved 2018-06-03.
- 국토부, 부천 원종~서울 홍대입구 광역철도 최종 확정. 21 June 2016.
- "BOEM". BOEM.
- "Sakiroo 'Lemon's Origin'" (in Korean). Monthly Digital Insight. July 7, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "International & Domestic Exchange". bucheon.go.kr. Bucheon. Retrieved 2020-04-14.
- City government website (in Korean)
- City government website (in English)
- Bucheon at Encyclopedia of Korean Local Culture
- 2015년 인구주택총조사 전수집계결과 보도자료 [2015 Population and Housing Census]. Statistics Korea.