December 9, 1930
New York City, U.S.
|Died||January 8, 2020 (aged 89)|
|Occupation||Screenwriter, actor, director, comedian, producer|
Buck Henry (born Henry Zuckerman; December 9, 1930 – January 8, 2020) was an American actor, screenwriter, and director. Henry's contributions to film included, his work as a co-director on Heaven Can Wait (1978) alongside Warren Beatty, and his work as a co-writer for Mike Nichols's The Graduate (1967) and Peter Bogdanovich's What's Up, Doc? (1972). His long career began on television with work on shows with Steve Allen in The New Steve Allen Show (1961). He co-created Get Smart (1965–1970) with Mel Brooks, and hosted Saturday Night Live 10 times from 1976 to 1980. He later guest starred in such popular shows as Murphy Brown, Hot in Cleveland, Will & Grace, and 30 Rock.
He was twice nominated for an Academy Award: for Best Adapted Screenplay for The Graduate (1967) (alongside Calder Willingham) and for Best Director for Heaven Can Wait (1978) (alongside Warren Beatty).
Henry was born in New York City. His mother was Ruth Taylor (January 13, 1905 – April 12, 1984), a silent film actress and star of the original version of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. His father was Paul Steinberg Zuckerman (April 15, 1899 – December 3, 1965), an Air Force brigadier general and stockbroker. Though he was nicknamed Buck from childhood, he did not officially change his name to Buck Henry until the 1970s; both his birth name and nickname came from his grandfather. Henry was from a Jewish background.
Henry attended The Choate School, then all-boys (now Choate Rosemary Hall). At 15 years old, he made his professional acting debut in a Broadway production of Life with Father, which later toured theaters in Brooklyn, Long Island, and the Bronx. Henry earned a bachelor's degree in English literature and a senior fellowship in writing at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, where he wrote for the university humor magazine, the Dartmouth Jack-O-Lantern, and met movie director Bob Rafelson.
Following graduation, he enlisted in the Army during the Korean War. He served in West Germany first as a helicopter mechanic and then transferred to Special Services, where he toured with the Seventh Army Repertory Company, performing in a play he both wrote and directed.
Acting and writing
Henry joined the improvisational comedy group the Premise, whose ranks included George Segal and Theodore J. Flicker, performing in the West Village in Manhattan. This helped lead him into a television career.
From 1959 to 1962, as part of an elaborate hoax by comedian Alan Abel, he made public appearances as G. Clifford Prout, the quietly outraged president of the Society for Indecency to Naked Animals, who presented his point of view on talk shows. The character of Prout wished to clothe all animals in order to prevent their 'indecency', using slogans such as "A nude horse is a rude horse". Henry played the character with deadpan sincerity. He was often presented as an eccentric, but was otherwise taken seriously by the broadcasters who interviewed him. "Prout" received many letters of support from TV viewers, and even some unsolicited monetary donations, all of which were invariably returned, as neither Henry nor Abel (who had no intention of following through on the Society's stated aims) wanted to be accused of raising money fraudulently.
He was a co-creator and writer for the secret agent comedy television series Get Smart (1965–1970), with comedian Mel Brooks. The show lasted for five seasons and 138 episodes and won numerous Emmy Awards. Two TV projects created by Henry had short runs: Captain Nice (1967) with William Daniels as a reluctant superhero, and Quark (1978), with Richard Benjamin in command of a garbage scow in outer space.
Henry shared an Oscar nomination with Calder Willingham for their screenplay for The Graduate (1967), in which he also appeared in a supporting role as a hotel concierge. Henry's cameo in The Player (1992) had him (playing himself) pitching a 25-years-later sequel to the film, which Henry later claimed led to real-life interest in such a project from some studios.
His many other screen writing credits included the sex farce Candy (1968), the romantic comedies The Owl and the Pussycat (1970) and What's Up, Doc? (1972), the satire Catch-22 (1970), the thriller The Day of the Dolphin (1973), the comedy Protocol (1984), and the dark crime dramedy To Die For (1995). In several of these, such as Candy and Catch-22, he also appeared as an actor. In 1997, Henry was the recipient of the Austin Film Festival's Distinguished Screenwriter Award.
Overall, Henry appeared in more than 40 films including a lead role in Taking Off (1971) and supporting roles in The Man Who Fell to Earth (1976), Gloria (1980), Eating Raoul (1982), Aria (1987), Tune in Tomorrow (1990), Defending Your Life (1991), Short Cuts (1993), and Grumpy Old Men (1993).
He co-directed Heaven Can Wait (1978), the remake of Here Comes Mr. Jordan, with the movie's star Warren Beatty and appeared in the film as an officious angel, reprising the character originally played by Edward Everett Horton. Henry received a second shared Oscar nomination, this time for Best Director.
Later in his career, Henry became known for guest-starring and recurring roles on television. He appeared in an episode of Murphy Brown ("My Dinner With Einstein", 1989) as Dr. Victor Rudman, a fractal scientist who dated Murphy. He appeared on the television show Will & Grace in 2005. In 2007, he made two guest appearances on The Daily Show as a contributor, billed as the show's "Senior Senior Correspondent". He has also appeared as Liz Lemon's father, Dick Lemon, in the 30 Rock episodes "Ludachristmas" (December 13, 2007) and "Gentleman's Intermission" (November 4, 2010). In 2011, he appeared in a multi-episode arc of Hot in Cleveland as Elka's groom.
Saturday Night Live
Henry hosted NBC's Saturday Night Live ten times between 1976 and 1980, making him the show's most frequent host during its initial five-year run. It became a tradition during these years for Henry to host the final show of each season, beginning with the 1976–1977 season. Henry's frequent host record was broken when Steve Martin made his 11th appearance as host of the show on the finale episode of the 1988–1989 season. During the October 30, 1976, episode, Buck Henry was injured in the forehead by John Belushi's katana in the samurai sketch. Henry's head began to bleed and he was forced to wear a large bandage on his forehead for the rest of the show. As a gag, the members of the SNL cast each wore a bandage on their foreheads as well.
- Recurring characters on SNL
- Howard, a sadistic stunt coordinator
- Marshall DiLaMuca, father of Bill Murray's character Todd in The Nerds sketches
- Mr. Dantley, the straight man and frequent customer to Samurai Futaba's (John Belushi) many businesses.
- Uncle Roy, a single, pedophilic babysitter. The three skits, written by Rosie Shuster and Anne Beatts, remain controversial.
Celebrity impersonations on SNL
|1959||The Bridge||Voice, English version|
|1964||The Troublemaker||T.R. Kingston||Also writer|
|1967||The Graduate||Room Clerk||Also writer|
|1968||The Secret War of Harry Frigg||Stockade Commandant|
|1968||Candy||Mental Patient||Also writer|
|1970||Catch-22||Lieutenant Colonel Korn||Also writer|
|1970||The Owl and the Pussycat||Bookstore Man||Also writer|
|1971||Taking Off||Larry Tyne|
|1971||Is There Sex After Death?||Dr. Louise Manos|
|1973||The Day of the Dolphin||Women's Club Man||Also writer|
|1976||The Man Who Fell to Earth||Oliver Farnsworth|
|1977||The Absent-Minded Waiter||Bernie Cates||Short|
|1978||Heaven Can Wait||The Escort||Also writer / director|
|1979||Old Boyfriends||Art Kopple|
|1980||First Family||Father Sandstone
|Also writer / director|
|1982||Eating Raoul||Mr. Leech|
|1989||Rude Awakening||Lloyd Stool|
|1990||Tune in Tomorrow||Father Serafim|
|1991||Defending Your Life||Dick Stanley|
|1991||The Linguini Incident||Cecil|
|1991||Shakespeare's Plan 12 from Outer Space||The Priest|
|1992||The Lounge People||Lewis Louis|
|1993||Short Cuts||Gordon Johnson|
|1993||Even Cowgirls Get the Blues||Dr. Dreyfus|
|1993||Grumpy Old Men||Snyder|
|1995||To Die For||H. Finlaysson||Also writer|
|1997||The Real Blonde||Dr. Leuter|
|1998||I'm Losing You||Phillip Dagrom|
|1998||Curtain Call||Charles Van Allsburg|
|1998||The Man Who Counted||George Postlewait||Short|
|1999||Breakfast of Champions||Fred T. Barry|
|2000||Lisa Picard is Famous||Himself|
|2001||Town & Country||Suttler||Also writer|
|2004||The Last Shot||Lonnie Bosco|
|2011||A Bird of the Air||Duncan Weber|
|2015||Kiss Kiss Fingerbang||Cat Owner||Short|
|1961||The New Steve Allen Show||Regular||5 episodes|
|1964–1965||That Was the Week That Was||Himself||2 episodes|
|1975||The Owl and the Pussycat||Felix Sherman||TV pilot|
|1976–1989||Saturday Night Live||Host / Himself||17 episodes|
|1976||That Was the Year That Was – 1976||News Reporter||TV movie|
|1978||Quark||Dignitary||Uncredited, 1 episode|
|1984||The New Show||Regular||9 episodes|
|1985||Alfred Hitchcock Presents||Walter Lang||1 episode|
|1987–1988||Falcon Crest||Foster Glenn||3 episodes|
|1989||Murphy Brown||Victor Rudman||Episode: "My Dinner With Einstein"|
|1989||Trying Times||Man on TV||1 episode|
|1992||Keep the Change||Smitty||TV Movie|
|1992||Tales from the Crypt||George||1 episode|
|1992||Eek! The Cat||Cupid||Voice, 1 episode|
|1992||Mastergate||Clay Fielder||TV movie|
|1995||Harrison Bergeron||TV Producer||TV movie|
|1999||Dilbert||Dadbert||Voice, 1 episode|
|2005||Will & Grace||Leonard||1 episode|
|2007||The Daily Show||Contributor||2 episodes|
|2007–2010||30 Rock||Dick Lemon||2 episodes|
|2011||Hot in Cleveland||Fred||3 episodes|
|2012||Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||Mr. Morton||1 episode|
|2012||Casting By||Himself||Documentary, HBO|
|2013||Franklin & Bash||Judge Henry Dinsdale||2 episodes|
|2013||Mel Brooks: Make Some Noise||Himself||Documentary, PBS|
Source: Turner Classic Movies
- The Troublemaker (1964) (with Theodore J. Flicker)
- The Graduate (1967) (with Calder Willingham)
- Candy (1968)
- Catch-22 (1970)
- The Owl and the Pussycat (1970)
- Is There Sex After Death? (1971) (Uncredited)
- What's Up, Doc? (1972) (with Peter Bogdanovich, Robert Benton and David Newman)
- The Day of the Dolphin (1973)
- Heaven Can Wait (1978)
- First Family (1980)
- Protocol (1984)
- To Die For (1995)
- Town & Country (2001)
- The Humbling (2014) (with Michal Zebede)
- That Was the Week That Was (1964) (3 episodes)
- Captain Nice (1967) (2 episodes) (creator)
- Get Smart (1965–1970) (co-creator)
- Quark (1978) (7 episodes)
- The New Show (1984) (TV) (5 episodes)
- Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1985) (1 episode "Wake Me When I'm Dead")
- Trying Times (1989) (TV) (director)
- Tales from the Crypt (1992) (1 episode)
- Great Railway Journeys (1996) (1 episode)
- Dilbert (2000) (1 episode)
- I Miss Sonja Henie (1971) (Short film)
- Heaven Can Wait (1978) (with Warren Beatty)
- First Family (1980)
- Trying Times (1989) (TV) (director)
Awards and nominations
|1968||Best Adapted Screenplay||The Graduate||Nominated|
|1978||Best Director||Heaven Can Wait||Nominated|
Golden Globe Awards
|1967||Best Screenplay||The Graduate||Nominated|
|1993||Special Award||Short Cuts||Won|
Primetime Emmy Awards
|1965||Outstanding Achievements in Entertainment – Writers||That Was the Week That Was||Nominated|
|1966||Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series||Get Smart||Nominated|
|1967||New York Film Critics Circle||Best Screenplay||The Graduate||Nominated|||
|1968||Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Written American Comedy||Won|
|1969||British Academy Film Awards||Best Screenplay||Won|
|1971||Writers Guild of America Awards||Best Adapted Drama Film||Catch-22||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Comedy Film||The Owl and the Pussycat||Nominated|
|1973||Best Original Comedy||What's Up, Doc?||Won|
|1979||Directors Guild of America Award||Outstanding Direction – Film||Heaven Can Wait||Nominated|
|1993||Venice Film Festival||Special Volpi Cup||Short Cuts||Won|
- Weber, Bruce (January 9, 2020). "Buck Henry, Who Helped Create 'Get Smart' and Adapt 'The Graduate,' Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- "Buck Henry Biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- "That Old Feeling: Sweet Smells". Time. March 21, 2002. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- "Paul S. Zuckerman, Broker Here, Was 66". The New York Times. December 4, 1965. p. 31. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- "Jews in the News: Carrie Fisher, Norman Lear and Stephen Tobolowsky". Tampa Jewish Federation. January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
- "Overview for Buck Henry". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Barnes, Mike (January 8, 2020). "Buck Henry, Fun-Loving Screenwriter and Actor, Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- "One Man's Mission To Clothe Nude Animals For Decency's Sake". Ripley's Believe It or Not!. May 29, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Crockett, Zachary (March 16, 2016). "The Hoaxster Who Revealed Sad Truths About America". Priceonomics. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
- Sheridan, Tim (April 29, 2004). "Naked Animals and Sacred Cows: Buck Henry: The Unabridged Interview". stopsmilingonline.com. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- "Buck Henry (RIP) & The Society for Indecency to Naked Animals (SINA)". The WOW Report. January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Myers, Scott (October 27, 2016). "Great Scene: "The Player"". Medium. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Newman, Scott. "Buck Henry, Screenwriter And Actor Famous For 'The Graduate' And TV Comedy, Dies At 89". NPR. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Pedersen, Erik (January 8, 2020). "Buck Henry Dies: 'The Graduate' Writer, 'Get Smart' Co-Creator & Early 'SNL' Favorite Was 89". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- Gans, Andrew (May 11, 2009). "Buck Henry and Holland Taylor Cast in Lisa Ebersole's play, Mother". Playbill. Archived from the original on May 15, 2009. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
- As of 2017[update], Alec Baldwin is the most frequent male host in SNL history with 17 episodes beginning in 1990.
- "Al Franken And Uncle Roy". The American Conservative.
- "Saturday Night Live: 15 Most Controversial Sketches Of All Time". ScreenRant. May 9, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2020.