Historic Buckeye Downtown as seen from Monroe Ave
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
|• Mayor||Jackie A. Meck|
|• City Council||Brian McAchran
|• City Manager||Stephen Cleveland|
|• Total||392 sq mi (1,015 km2)|
|Elevation||869 ft (265 m)|
|• Estimate (2014)||59,470|
|• Density||129.79/sq mi (50.12/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||85326, 85396|
|Area code(s)||623, 928|
Buckeye is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States and is, at this time, the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population was 6,537 at the 2000 census. From 2000 to 2010, the Buckeye population growth percentage was 678.3% as it had 50,876 people at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.8 square miles (377.5 km²), all of it land.
This area is known for receiving abundant sunshine due to the stable descending air of high pressure systems found frequently in the southwestern US. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Buckeye has a mild desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.
Early settler Malin M. Jackson developed 10 miles (16 km) of the Buckeye Canal from 1884 to 1886, which he named after his home state of Ohio's moniker, "The Buckeye State". The town was founded in 1888 and originally named "Sidney," after Jackson's home town in Ohio. However, because of the significance of the canal, the town became known as Buckeye. The name was legally changed to Buckeye in 1910. The town was incorporated in 1929, at which time it included 440 acres (180 ha). The town's first mayor was Hugh M. Watson (1956-1958), who founded the Buckeye Valley Bank. Today, Watson Road is the site of the city's commercial center.
In 2013, a video featuring a Verrado High School student who overcame Down's Syndrome to join the school's cheerleading squad, and using the Katy Perry song "Roar", was selected as a finalist in a Good Morning America contest.
A vote to change the town into the City of Buckeye, which now encompasses over 600 square miles (1,600 km2) in the master plan, became effective January 1, 2014.
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,537 people, 2,158 households, and 1,624 families residing in the town. The population density was 44.8 people per square mile (17.3/km²). There were 2,344 housing units at an average density of 16.1/sq mi (6.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.54% White, 3.37% Black or African American, 1.71% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 19.34% from other races, and 2.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.65% of the population.
There were 2,158 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.47.
In the town the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,383, and the median income for a family was $39,194. Males had a median income of $32,357 versus $24,901 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,627. About 16.2% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.
The original Buckeye was built around downtown's main street, Monroe Avenue. There are currently nearly 30 master planned communities planned for Buckeye. Such master planned communities under development in which homes are occupied include Sundance, Verrado, Westpark, Tartesso and Festival Ranch.
Other unbuilt planned communities within Buckeye include Douglas Ranch (planned for nearly 300,000 inhabitants), Sun Valley Villages, Spurlock Ranch, Trillium, Elianto, Westwind, Silver Rock, Sienna Hills, Henry Park, Southwest Ranch and Montierre.
Sundance Towne Center, a shopping center developed by Vestar Development in the Sundance community, opened in 2007.
A popular recreation destination in Buckeye is the Buckeye Hills Recreation Area. It is located 7 miles (11 km) south of downtown Buckeye on State Route 85 (at mile marker 144). A 900-acre (3.6 km2) Buckeye Lake is planned.
The City of Buckeye is served by the following school districts:
- Buckeye Elementary School District
- Agua Fria Union High School District
- Liberty Elementary School District
- Buckeye Union High School District
- Wickenburg Unified School District
- The Odyssey Preparatory Academy
- Litchfield Elementary School District
Estrella Mountain Community College recently renovated the original historic Buckeye Union High School building on Eason Avenue near 9th Street, also known as the "A" Wing, and started holding classes in this new satellite facility in the Fall of 2011. Named the Buckeye Educational Center, this facility provides academic courses, job training programs and community education classes.
Buckeye is served by five highways, a municipal airport and several nearby airports, and the railroad.
Major roadways serving the city include:
In 1910, the Arizona Eastern Railroad came to Buckeye; the first car in 1911; a steam rail line connected it to Phoenix by 1912; and a state highway by 1915. The coming of the railroad was so significant that the business district was moved to accommodate the location of the railroad station. As a result, Buckeye was booming. By 1912, major buildings were constructed, along with expansion of the business community.
- Kole Calhoun, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim outfielder (2012–present)
- Upton Sinclair (author, 1878–1968)
The Old Courthouse and Jail was built in 1912. It was later used used as a hospital, grade school auxiliary building, library, and food bank. The Buckeye Valley Food Bank was founded by Hugh M. Watson, Buckeye's first mayor. Listed as historical by the Buckeye Valley Historical and Archaeological Society.
The marker of the historic Gillespie Dam Bridge. The historic Gillespie Dam Bridge was built in 1927 over the Gila River and is located on Old Highway 80 north of Gila Bend and south of Arlington between the Buckeye Hills and the Gila Bend Mountains in Maricopa County. The bridge was at the time the longest highway bridge in the state of Arizona. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Buckeye, Arizona
- America in Gridlock: Nowhere to Grow, PBS
- "Katy Perry 'Roar' Contest: Girl With Down Syndrome Stars in Finalist Video". ABC News. Oct 7, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- Buckeye Valley News
- "Buckeye Union High School". naturalpowerandenergy.com. Natural Power and Energy LLC. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
- Buckeye ?Main Street
- GILLESPIE DAM: THE PUBLIC WORKS PROJECT THAT'S NOW HOME TO WILDLIFE
- Gillespie Dam Bridge
- State of Arizona Historic Bridge Inventory
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