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|Scottish Gaelic: Baile 'Ic Eòghainn|
The Randolph Wemyss Memorial Hospital, Buckhaven
Buckhaven shown within Fife
|Population||16,391  (2001 census)
est. 16,240 (2006),
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Once a thriving weaving village and fishing port, in 1831 it was reported as having the second-largest fishing fleet in Scotland with a total of 198 boats. Fishing declined during the 19th century, but in the 1860s Buckhaven developed more into a mining town. Although coal waste blackened its beaches and silted up its now non-existent harbour, it later became a Fife coast holiday resort and recreation area for locals. Nowadays, it is classed as one of Fife's 'Regeneration areas' in need of regeneration socially and economically.
The fishing community of Buckhaven is said[by whom?] to have been largely the descendants of Norsemen who settled there in the 9th century. Centuries later Buckhaven's fisherfolk bought an Episcopal Church in St Andrews in 1869 and transported it stone by stone to Buckhaven, using fishing boats. The church was restored in the 1980s and converted into a theatre. Many years before, St Andrews had been combined with the other local Church of Scotland churches into one parish. The building continued to be owned by Buckhaven Parish Church after the conversion.
Buckhaven Museum has displays on the history of the fishing industry.
According to estimates in 2006, the population including Methil stood at around 16,240: however, the Levenmouth area including Kennoway, Leven, the Wemyss villages, Largo Bay and Windygates has a combined population of around 37,410. The population of Buckhaven, Methil, Leven is 24,474, according to the 2011 Census.
- James Ireland Craig FRSE, meteorologist
- Robert Dunsire, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Frank O'Donnell, professional footballer
- Hugh O'Donnell, also a professional footballer and brother of Frank O'Donnell
- Ruth Davidson MSP, leader of the Scottish Conservative Party, attended Buckhaven High School
- "Comparative Population Profile: Buckhaven Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
-  Archived 30 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Robinson, Mairi (ed.). The Concise Scots Dictionary. p. 69. ISBN 0080284922.
to pour forth or gush out; make a gurgling noise
- Taylor, Simon (2006). The Place-Names of Fife, Vol. 1. Shaun Tyas. pp. 585–6. ISBN 1900289776.