Buckhorn Weston

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Buckhorn Weston
Buckhorn Weston Church - geograph.org.uk - 306406.jpg
Parish church of St John the Baptist
Buckhorn Weston is located in Dorset
Buckhorn Weston
Buckhorn Weston
Buckhorn Weston shown within Dorset
Population 356 [1]
OS grid reference ST756246
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Dorset
51°01′13″N 2°20′56″W / 51.0203°N 2.349°W / 51.0203; -2.349Coordinates: 51°01′13″N 2°20′56″W / 51.0203°N 2.349°W / 51.0203; -2.349

Buckhorn Weston is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset, situated in the Blackmore Vale in the North Dorset administrative district, about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the town of Gillingham. It lies on the western edge of the former royal hunting ground of Gillingham Forest. The underlying geology is Oxford clay and Corallian limestone.[2] In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 356.[1]

In Saxon times the area was known as Bokere Waston, which meant 'hamlet in the wilderness near the dyke'.[3] Saxons invaded the area around 450 AD, driving out existing inhabitants and possibly erecting a heathen temple on the site of a previous place of worship.[3] When the Saxons converted to Christianity in about 600 AD, they built a church to replace the temple.[3]

In 1086 Buckhorn Weston was recorded in the Domesday Book as Westone;[4] it had 26 households, 6 ploughlands and 40 acres (16 ha) of meadow. It was in Gillingham hundred and the tenant-in-chief was Count Robert of Mortain.[5] In 1349 the village was badly affected by the plague and its population much reduced. Later, the estate passed via the Stourton family (associated with Stourhead) and the Fane family into the hands of the Stapleton family in 1837 who remained substantial local landowners until the death of Sir Miles Stapleton in 1979. The village inn still bears the family name and coat of arms. In celebration of the Millennium, the village was enabled to build a new village hall with the help of significant external funding.

The Parish Church of St John the Baptist was well established by the beginning of the 13th century and has probably existed from earlier times.[6] The present building dates largely from the 14th and 15th centuries, though in the 19th century much of it was significantly altered, which included the rebuilding of the west tower.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area: Buckhorn Weston (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. pp. 17, 143. ISBN 0-7090-0844-9. 
  3. ^ a b c North Dorset District Council (c. 1982). North Dorset District Official Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 31. 
  4. ^ "Dorset A–G". The Domesday Book Online. domesdaybook.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Place: (Buckhorn) Weston". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "St. John the Baptist Church, Buckhorn Weston". Stourvalechurches.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  7. ^ "'Buckhorn Weston', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 4: North (1972), pp. 6-8". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. November 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 

External links[edit]