Buckingham (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Buckingham in Buckinghamshire.
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
|Population||97,184 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,837 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Princes Risborough, Buckingham, Winslow|
|Member of parliament||John Bercow (Speaker)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two until 1868, then one until 1885|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 4.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 4.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 4.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Buckingham, the Sessional Divisions of Ashendon, Buckingham, Newport, and Stony Stratford, and part of the Sessional Division of Winslow.
1918–1950: The Municipal Borough of Buckingham, the Urban Districts of Bletchley, Linslade, and Newport Pagnell, the Rural Districts of Buckingham, Newport Pagnell, Stratford and Wolverton, Wing, and Winslow, and parts of the Rural Districts of Aylesbury and Long Crendon.
1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Buckingham, the Urban Districts of Bletchley, Linslade, Newport Pagnell, and Wolverton, and the Rural Districts of Buckingham, Newport Pagnell, Wing, and Winslow.
1974–1983: The Municipal Borough of Buckingham, the Urban Districts of Bletchley, Newport Pagnell, and Wolverton, and the Rural Districts of Buckingham, Newport Pagnell, Wing, and Winslow.
1983–1992: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Eddlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Hogshaw, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Oakley, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Stone, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Wing, Wingrave, and Winslow, and the Borough of Milton Keynes wards of Stony Stratford, Wolverton, and Wolverton Stacey Bushes.
1992–1997: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Eddlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Hogshaw, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Oakley, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Stone, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Wing, Wingrave, and Winslow.
1997–2010: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Aston Clinton, Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Eddlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Hogshaw, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Oakley, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Stone, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Wing, Wingrave, and Winslow.
2010–present: The District of Aylesbury Vale wards of Bierton, Brill, Buckingham North, Buckingham South, Cheddington, Edlesborough, Great Brickhill, Great Horwood, Grendon Underwood, Haddenham, Long Crendon, Luffield Abbey, Marsh Gibbon, Newton Longville, Pitstone, Quainton, Steeple Claydon, Stewkley, Tingewick, Waddesdon, Weedon, Wing, Wingrave, and Winslow, and the District of Wycombe wards of Icknield and The Risboroughs.
The constituency takes up a large part of central Buckinghamshire, covering much of the Aylesbury Vale district including the town of Buckingham. To the north, the remaining part of ceremonial Buckinghamshire forms two Borough of Milton Keynes constituencies (Milton Keynes South and Milton Keynes North).
The seat has sent MPs since 1542 — its standard double representation was halved in 1868. In the twentieth century, the constituency was held by the Conservative Party for most of the time. However, a Labour Party MP served Buckingham from 1945 until 1951, Aidan Crawley and from 1964 until 1970 its Labour MP was the controversial publisher Robert Maxwell.
Before 1983, the new town of Milton Keynes, including its older parts such as Bletchley and Fenny Stratford[n 3] was in the Buckingham constituency, until its population had expanded substantially enough to merit a seat of its own. The sitting Buckingham MP William Benyon moved to the new Milton Keynes constituency. Benyon's successor in Buckingham was Conservative George Walden. Walden retired in 1997, and John Bercow has held the seat since then. In 2009, Bercow was elected as Speaker of the House of Commons following the resignation of Michael Martin and there is an inconsistently followed convention not to oppose a professed speaker candidate at election which is mostly kept by the major parties — nonetheless UKIP's leader stood against Bercow in the 2010 election but finished third behind the Buckinghamshire Campaign for Democracy founder who previously founded the Pro-Euro Conservative Party.
At the 2005 general election, this constituency had the Conservatives' highest numerical majority, although a higher share of the vote was achieved in Kensington and Chelsea in London and Richmond in North Yorkshire, the constituency of William Hague.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1542)
MPs to 1660
|Year||First member||Second member|
|Apr 1640||Sir Peter Temple||Sir Alexander Denton|
|Nov 1640||Sir Peter Temple||Sir Alexander Denton disabled 1644|
|1645||Sir Peter Temple||John Dormer|
|1653||Buckingham not Represented in Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Francis Ingoldsby||(one seat only)|
|1656||Francis Ingoldsby||(one seat only)|
|1659||Francis Ingoldsby||Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet|
MPs since 1868
|1868||Sir Harry Verney||Liberal|
|1880||Sir Harry Verney||Liberal|
|1885||Edmund Hope Verney||Liberal|
|1889 by-election||Edmund Hope Verney (expelled)||Liberal|
|1891 by-election||Herbert Samuel Leon||Liberal|
|1895||William Walter Carlile||Conservative|
|1906||Frederick William Verney||Liberal|
|1910||Sir Harry Verney||Liberal|
|1918||George Wentworth Bowyer||Conservative|
|1937 by-election||John Percival Whiteley||Conservative|
|1943 by-election||Lionel Berry||Conservative|
|1945||Aidan Crawley (later served as a Conservative MP)||Labour|
|1951||Frank Markham (formerly served as a Labour MP)||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Speaker||John Bercow 1||34,617||64.5||+17.2|
1 In both 2015 and 2010, John Bercow stood as 'The Speaker seeking re-election'.
|Buckinghamshire Campaign for Democracy||John Stevens||10,331||21.4||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Colin Dale||856||1.8||N/A|
|Cut The Deficit||Simon Strutt||107||0.2||N/A|
|Speaker gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Luke Croydon||9,508||19.7||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Isobel Wilson||9,037||20.0||−4.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour||Robert C. Lehmann||12,208||24.7||+8.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Stuart||12,175||24.6||+4.0|
|Natural Law||Geoffrey Clements||421||0.9||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Tudor Jones||9,705||20.6||−4.3|
|Labour||Keith M. White||7,662||16.2||−0.3|
|Natural Law||Lawrence R. Sheaff||353||0.7||+0.7|
Elections in the 1980s
|Liberal||Charles Martin Burke||13,636||24.9||−3.2|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||William Richard Benyon||41,719||51.3||+9.1|
|National Front||M. Smith||803||1.0||N/A|
|Conservative||William Richard Benyon||26,597||42.2||+1.5|
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||23,679||37.6||+1.6|
|Conservative||William Richard Benyon||27,179||40.7||−6.8|
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||24,056||36.0||−7.2|
|Conservative||William Richard Benyon||28,088||47.5||+4.3|
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||25,567||43.2||−4.3|
|Liberal||John M Cornwall||5,475||9.3||−0.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.3|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||24,854||47.5||+1.6|
|Conservative||Mary Elaine Kellett||22,600||43.2||+0.2|
|Liberal||John M Cornwall||4,914||9.4||−1.7|
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||23,085||45.9||+2.6|
|Conservative||Mary Elaine Kellett||21,604||43.0||−4.0|
|Liberal||Jack Raphael Wallis||5,578||11.1||+1.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.3|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Sir Sydney Frank Markham||22,304||47.0||−4.3|
|Labour||Ian Robert Maxwell||20,558||43.3||−5.4|
|Liberal||Evan Laurence Frederick Richards||4,577||9.7||N/A|
|Conservative||Sir Sydney Frank Markham||23,250||51.3||+1.2|
|Labour||David Gordon Evans||22,110||48.7||−1.2|
|Conservative||Sydney Frank Markham||22,688||50.1||+6.7|
|Labour||Aidan Merivale Crawley||22,634||49.9||+2.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+2.0|
|Labour||Aidan Merivale Crawley||20,782||47.1||−7.6|
|Conservative||Sydney Frank Markham||19,128||43.4||−1.9|
|Liberal||John Denis Gilbert Kellock||4,196||9.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||Aidan Merivale Crawley||22,302||54.7||+12.7|
|Conservative||Geoffrey Lionel Berry||18,457||45.3||−12.7|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+12.7|
|Conservative||Geoffrey Lionel Berry||unopposed||n/a||n/a|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||John Percival Whiteley||17,919||52.6||−5.4|
|Labour||James Viner Delahaye||12,820||37.6||−4.4|
|Conservative||George Wentworth Bowyer||20,616||58.0|
|Labour||Joseph Alfred Sparks||14,928||42.0|
|Conservative||George Wentworth Bowyer||23,783||66.96|
|Labour||James Lievsley George||11,736||33.04|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||George Edward Wentworth Bowyer||16,375||45.8||-6.0|
|Labour||James Lievsley George||11,718||32.7||+2.1|
|Liberal||Norman Easedale Crump||7,713||21.5||+3.9|
|Unionist||George Edward Wentworth Bowyer||13,351||53.0||+3.6|
|Labour||Edward J. Pay||11,824||47.0||+20.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal||Sir Harry Calvert Williams Verney||6,029||51.4||+0.9|
|Liberal Unionist||Francis Tyringham Higgins Bernard||5,702||48.6||-0.9|
|Liberal||Frederick William Verney||6,055||50.5||-6.7|
|Conservative||Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle||5,944||49.5||+6.7|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||Frederick William Verney||6,253||57.2||+9.3|
|Conservative||Hon. Thomas Francis Fremantle||4,673||42.8||-9.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.3|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Herbert Samuel Leon||5,018|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Edmund Hope Verney||4,856|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
Notes and references
- "Buckingham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- The Guardian profile of the seat as at 2010
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "Buckingham 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 February 2015. [For members from 1796].
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Buckingham 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.aylesburyvaledc.gov.uk/news/general-election-2015-results 30Aug15/
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Aylesburyvaledc.gov.uk Aylesbury Vale District Council
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 140 (164 in web page), Berkshire
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Buckingham — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
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