Buckingham County, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Buckingham County, Virginia
Buckingham VA - county courthouse.jpg
Buckingham County Courthouse
Seal of Buckingham County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Buckingham County
Location in the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1761
Named for Duke of Buckingham
Seat Buckingham
Largest town Dillwyn
Area
 • Total 584 sq mi (1,513 km2)
 • Land 580 sq mi (1,502 km2)
 • Water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 17,032
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km2)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.buckinghamcountyva.org

Buckingham County is a rural United States county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, and containing the geographic center of the state. Buckingham County is part of the Piedmont region of Virginia, and the county seat is the town of Buckingham.[1]

Buckingham County was created in 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County and was predominantly farmland. The county was probably named in honor of the Duke of Buckingham, though the precise origin is uncertain. Several changes were made to the borders, until the existing boundaries were established in 1860.

As of the 2010 census, the county population was 17,146. The county experienced steady population growth over the preceding forty years.[2] Buckingham is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Buckingham County, lying south of the James River and in the Piedmont at the geographic center of the state, was established on May 1, 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County. The origin of the county name probably comes from the Duke of Buckingham (Buckinghamshire, England). Some sources say that the county was named for Archibald Cary's estate "Buckingham," which was located on Willis Creek.[3] This is the only Buckingham County in the United States.

In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845, another part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860, and Buckingham's borders then became fixed in their current form. A fire destroyed the courthouse (designed by Thomas Jefferson) in 1869, and most of the early records of this county were lost.

In the nineteenth century the county was settled more heavily by people migrating from the Tidewater area. It was devoted chiefly to plantations, worked by enslaved African Americans. These were converted from tobacco cultivation to mixed farming and pulpwood harvesting as the markets changed and the soil became exhausted from tobacco. These new types of uses required fewer slaves, and many were sold from the Upper South in the domestic slave trade to the Deep South, where cotton cultivation expanded dramatically in the antebellum period.

In the 21st century, large tracts of land are held by companies such as WestVaco, which sell pulpwood and other timber products to the paper mills and wood product producers. It is still largely rural, with areas devoted to recreation such as fishing and hunting. The County is home to families who can trace their ancestry to the early colonial history of Virginia. Many families still live on tracts of land that were granted to their ancestors in that period. Some of the land grants were originally given to French Huguenots, who resettled from London, England in the southwestern part of the county in the early 1700s.

During the American Civil War, General Robert E. Lee's army marched through the county during his retreat on their way to surrender at Appomattox, Virginia. A marker in the cemetery of Trinity Presbyterian Church in New Canton reads,

According to the oral history of Trinity Presbyterian Church and this community, here are 45 Confederate and Union soldiers buried in mass graves directly behind this church. They left Appomattox after the surrender and headed for their homes north of here. Sick with disease, they died in a nearby camp. That they may not be forgotten, this plaque is placed by the Elliott Grays UDC Chapter #1877 2003.

In 2011, the county celebrated its 250th anniversary.[4]

Geography[edit]

Buckingham County is rural and heavily forested.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 580 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5]

The geographic center of Virginia is located in Buckingham County, near the Mt. Rush community.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17909,779
180013,38936.9%
181020,05949.8%
182017,569−12.4%
183018,3514.5%
184018,7862.4%
185013,837−26.3%
186015,2129.9%
187013,371−12.1%
188015,54016.2%
189014,383−7.4%
190015,2666.1%
191015,204−0.4%
192014,885−2.1%
193013,315−10.5%
194013,3980.6%
195012,288−8.3%
196010,877−11.5%
197010,597−2.6%
198011,75110.9%
199012,8739.5%
200015,62321.4%
201017,1469.7%
Est. 201617,048[6]−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 17,146 people and 5,695 households residing in the county. The population density was 29.6 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 7,294 housing units . The racial makeup of the county was 62.5% White, 35.1% Black or African American alone, 0.3% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 1.7% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.6% from two or more races. 60.9% of the population identified as White Alone, not Hispanic or Latino.

The largest ancestry groups are listed as 18.7% American, 9.2% English, and 5.4% German. People of African descent comprise 35.1% of the population, often having European ancestry as well.

There were 5,965 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6 had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals living alone. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, .6% from 20 to 24, 13% from 25 to 34, 22.8% from 35 to 49, and 22% from 50-64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. There were 9,493 males and 7,653 females. The median age was 41.7.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,378. Males had a median income of $36,420 versus $32,327 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,938. About 21.1% of the population were below the poverty line.

In education, 38.2% of the population over age 25 graduated high school (or equivalent), 13.9% had some college, no degree, 3.8% hold an associate degree, 10.9% hold a bachelor's degree, and 10.9% hold a Graduate or Professional degree.

Government[edit]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

  • District 6: Joe Chambers (Chairman)
  • District 1: Robert "Bobby" Jones (Vice-Chairman)
  • District 2: Donnie Bryan
  • District 3: Don Matthews
  • District 4: Morgan Dunnavant
  • District 5: Harry W. Bryant
  • District 7: Danny R. Allen

Constitutional officers[edit]

  • Clerk of the Circuit Court: Malcolm A. Booker (D)
  • Commissioner of the Revenue: Stephanie Love (D)
  • Commonwealth's Attorney: E.M. Wright, Jr. (I)
  • Sheriff: W.G. "Billy" Kidd, Jr. (I)
  • Treasurer: Christy L. Christian (D)

State officials[edit]

  • Mark J. Peake (R) Virginia Senate
  • C. Matt Fariss (R) Virginia House of Delegates

Federal officials[edit]

Tom Garrett (R, VA-5) in the U.S. House of Representatives

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 54.2% 3,950 42.9% 3,128 2.9% 211
2012 47.9% 3,569 50.3% 3,750 1.9% 138
2008 49.0% 3,428 49.9% 3,489 1.1% 77
2004 52.9% 3,185 46.3% 2,789 0.9% 53
2000 50.2% 2,738 47.0% 2,561 2.8% 155
1996 40.7% 1,974 49.0% 2,374 10.4% 502
1992 46.4% 2,368 43.0% 2,193 10.6% 542
1988 55.5% 2,481 43.4% 1,941 1.1% 49
1984 57.4% 2,627 41.0% 1,879 1.6% 74
1980 47.5% 1,864 49.3% 1,933 3.2% 126
1976 39.6% 1,487 58.0% 2,179 2.5% 92
1972 62.9% 2,107 35.4% 1,186 1.8% 59
1968 32.1% 1,027 30.7% 984 37.2% 1,193
1964 56.6% 1,547 43.3% 1,182 0.2% 4
1960 44.4% 765 54.9% 947 0.7% 12
1956 43.6% 751 37.7% 648 18.7% 322
1952 46.6% 811 52.8% 919 0.6% 11
1948 27.9% 354 57.5% 728 14.6% 185
1944 28.3% 286 71.4% 723 0.3% 3
1940 25.7% 289 73.8% 829 0.5% 5
1936 22.4% 273 77.5% 945 0.2% 2
1932 18.7% 204 79.8% 870 1.5% 16
1928 49.2% 579 50.9% 599
1924 25.0% 213 73.2% 623 1.8% 15
1920 29.3% 311 70.5% 749 0.2% 2
1916 22.2% 181 76.8% 625 1.0% 8
1912 12.0% 97 74.4% 603 13.6% 110

Education[edit]

  • Buckingham County High School
  • Buckingham County Middle School
  • Buckingham County Elementary School (Carter G. Woodson Education Complex)
  • Buckingham County Primary School (Carter G. Woodson Education Complex)
  • Buckingham Preschool
  • Central Virginia Christian School

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  3. ^ Salmon, edited by Emily J.; Campbell, Jr, Edward D.C. (1994). The Hornbook of Virginia History : a ready-reference guide to the Old Dominion's people, places, and past (4th ed.). Richmond: Library of Virginia. p. 162. ISBN 0884901777.
  4. ^ Yeck, Joanne L. "At a Place Called Buckingham" ... Historic Sketches of Buckingham County, Virginia (Kettering, OH: Slate River Press, 2011).
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-18.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°34′N 78°32′W / 37.57°N 78.53°W / 37.57; -78.53