Buckinghamshire Railway Centre
|Type||Operational railway museum|
|Key holdings||Metropolitan Railway E Class No.1
GWR 4073 Class No.5080 Defiant
GWR 6959 Class No.6989 Wightwick Hall
South African Class 25NC 4-8-4 No.3405
|Owner||Quainton Railway Society (Some land leased from Network Rail)|
|Public transit access||Quainton Road or Aylesbury|
Buckinghamshire Railway Centre is a railway museum operated by the Quainton Railway Society Ltd. at Quainton Road railway station, about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, England. The site is divided into two halves which are joined by two foot-bridges, one of which provides wheelchair access. Each side has a demonstration line with various workshop buildings as well as museum buildings.
In 1962, the London Railway Preservation Society was formed. It bought a series of former London Underground vehicles and collectables, and holds the largest collection of London and North Western Railway memorabilia. These were held at various sites around London, mainly two government depots at Luton and Bishop's Stortford, making both access, restoration and preservation difficult.
While other closed stations on the former MR lines north of Aylesbury were generally demolished or sold, in 1969 the Quainton Railway Society was formed to operate a working museum at the station. On 24 April 1971 the society absorbed the London Railway Preservation Society, taking custody of its collection of historic railway equipment.
The station was maintained in working order, used as a bookshop and ticket office. The extensive sidings were still intact, and although disconnected from the mainline in 1967, were used for locomotive restoration work. The Society eventually restored the main station building to its 1900 appearance, renaming the site the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre. A smaller building on the former Brill platform, once a shelter for passengers waiting for Brill and down trains, was used first as a store then as a shop for a number of years before its current use to house an exhibit on the history of the Brill Tramway. A former London Transport building from Wembley Park was dismantled and re-erected at Quainton Road to serve as a maintenance shed.
Although the BRC's trains are run on the former station sidings, the station still has a working Network Rail line passing through it. This connects Aylesbury with the Bletchley to Oxford cross-country route at Claydon (LNE) Junction. Regular landfill freight trains traverse the line from waste transfer depots in Greater London to the former brick pits at Calvert.
From 1984 until 1990, the station briefly came back into passenger use, when special Christmas shopping services between Aylesbury and Bletchley were operated by British Rail Network SouthEast on Saturdays only, and stopped at Quainton Road. From August Bank Holiday 1971 until the 1987 season, and again from August Bank Holiday 2001 the station has had special passenger trains from Aylesbury in connection with events at the Centre - these shuttles now run regularly each Spring and August Bank Holiday weekend.
With an extensively redeveloped site on both sides of the working mainline, BRC houses around 170 items of locomotives and rolling stock, in buildings dating from 1874 to the 1960s. The adjacent World War II warehouses of the Ministry of Food Buffer Depot in the former downside yard have been taken over to display many items awaiting restoration, whilst the Society have added a members' reference library.
Rewley Road, the Oxford terminus of Harry Verney's Buckinghamshire Railway and of the Oxford to Cambridge Line, closed to passengers on 1 October 1951 with trains diverted to the former GWR Oxford General, the current Oxford station. In co-operation with the Science Museum, Rewley Road was dismantled in 1999. The main station building and part of the platform canopy were then moved to BRC and re-erected in 2002 at the north-west corner of the site, now providing improved visitor facilities and the main offices of the QRS.
As one of the best-preserved period railway stations in England, Quainton Road is regularly used as a filming location for period drama, and programmes such as The Jewel in the Crown, the Doctor Who serial Black Orchid and Midsomer Murders have been filmed there.
As of 2010[update] the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre are negotiating for a reconnection of the link between their sidings and the main line to allow their locomotives to run to Aylesbury when the line is not in use by freight trains, and to rebuild part of the Brill Tramway between Quainton Road and Waddesdon Road.
High Speed 2's proposed route passes immediately to the west of the site, which would permanently sever the route of the Brill Tramway.
The collection includes locomotives, carriages, and assorted rolling stock, plus a large amount of memorabilia and documents.
|Class||Number ( and name)||Chassis||Image||Status||Notes|
(London Transport L44)
|0-4-4T||Operational||Built 1898. Operational and a regular on passenger trains|
(British Railways 30585)
|Peckett and Sons||No.2105
|0-4-0ST||Operational||Built 1951. Mainly used on goods/vintage trains|
|Peckett and Sons||No.2087||0-4-0ST||Operational||Built 1948. Mainly used on goods/vintage trains|
|North British Locomotive Company||Coventry
|0-6-0T||Operational||Built 1939. Acts as Thomas the Tank Engine on "Thomas" days|
|0-4-0ST||Operational||Built 1946. Used on goods and vintage trains. Boiler ticket expires 2018|
|GWR 9400 Class||9466||0-6-0PT||Under Overhaul||Built 1952, mainline certified|
|Aveling and Porter||No.3587
|0-4-0WT||Under Overhaul||Built 1895.|
|GWR 6959 Class||6989
|4-6-0||Under Overhaul||Built 1948|
|GWR 7200 Class||7200||2-8-2T||Under Overhaul||Built in 1934|
|Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0ST||No.3890
|0-6-0ST||Operational||Built in 1964|
|Peckett and Sons||No.1900||0-4-0ST||Under Overhaul||Built 1936. Britain's smallest standard-gauge steam locomotive|
|0-4-0ST||Operational||Built 1891. The oldest surviving Barclay. Repainted in July 2013 into pseudo-Metropolitan Railway livery as Brill No. 1.|
|Andrew Barclay||No.1477||0-4-0F||Static Display||Built 1916. Fireless|
|Andrew Barclay||No.2243||0-4-0F||Static Display||Built 1948|
|Aveling and Porter||No.807
|0-4-0T||Static Display||Built 1872. Brill Tramway No.1|
|GWR 4073 Class||5080
|4-6-0||Static Display||Built 1939. On long term loan from Birmingham Railway Museum|
|GWR 5700 Class||7715
(London Transport L99)
|0-6-0PT||Static Display||Built 1930. Bought by London Transport in 1963, their L.99 until 1969. Out of service from December 2011 with a cracked boiler foundation ring|
|Hawthorn Leslie||No.3717||0-4-0ST||Static Display||Built 1928|
|0-6-0T||Static Display||Built 1918|
|0-6-0ST||Static Display||Built 1953|
|South African Class 25NC||3405||4-8-4||Static Display||Built 1953. 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge|
|Sentinel Waggon Works||No.6515
|0-4-0||Under Overhaul||Built 1945|
|Sentinel Waggon Works||No.9537
|0-4-0||Static Display||Built 1952|
|Yorkshire Engine Company||No.2498
|0-6-0ST||Static Display||Built 1951|
|British Rail Class 04||D2298||0-6-0DM||Operational|
|F.C. Hibberd "Planet"||No.3765||0-4-0DM||Operational|
|F.C. Hibberd||No.2102||0-4-0DM||Static Display|
|Ruston & Hornsby||No.425477||0-4-0DM||Operational|
|Ruston & Hornsby||No.463153
|0-4-0DM||Under overhaul||Ex-British Gas|
Diesel multiple units
Electric multiple units
- Post Office Railway (London) 1930 Stock No. 803 
- London Underground CO/CP Stock unit 53028+013063+54233 
- New York Subway Car No. 1144, an R7, converted into a cafeteria for the museum.
Carriages and vans
- Simpson 1985, p. 110.
- Oppitz 2000, p. 70.
- Simpson 2005, p. 35.
- Mitchell & Smith 2006, §16.
- Oppitz 2000, pp. 70–71.
- Jones 1974, p. 58.
- Perfitt, Geoff (1994-04-07). "Those silver days of steam at Quainton". Bucks Herald (Aylesbury). p. 12.
- Mitchell & Smith 2006, §18.
- Oppitz 2000, p. 71.
- Oppitz 2000, p. 66.
- Quick (2009): "Railway Passenger Stations in Great Britain" and Chiltern Lines News
- QRS publication "Quainton News", Annual Report of the Quainton Railway Society (various years)
- Oppitz 2000, p. 72.
- Jones 2010, p. 45.
- Quainton Railway Society. "Quainton Virtual Stockbook Home". Retrieved 2008-06-08.
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