Buckland, Braunton

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Buckland House, Braunton. The estate was purchased in 1319 by Godfrey II de Incledene of Incledon and today is still the seat of his descendants. The present Georgian facade dates from 1762.[1] The gatepiers on the right are both topped with the Incledon crest of a falcon

Buckland in the parish of Braunton, North Devon, England, is an ancient historic estate purchased in 1319 by Godfrey II de Incledene of Incledon, the adjoining estate about 1/2 mile to the north-west, whose family (later Incledon, pronounced "Ingleton"), is first recorded in 1160.[2] It is situated half a mile north-west of St Brannock's Church in Braunton. Buckland House, a grade II* listed mansion remodelled in the 18th century, is still occupied in 2014 by descendants of the Incledon-Webber family, formerly prominent in the political and commercial life of nearby Barnstaple and North Devon. The owner of the estate in 1937, William Beare Incledon-Webber (born 1872) was also lord of the manor of nearby Croyde and Putsborough.[3]

Descent[edit]

Incledon[edit]

Arms of Incledon of Incledon and Buckland in the parish of Braunton, North Devon: Argent, a chevron engrailed between three tuns sable fire issuing from the bung hole proper.[4] Quasi-canting arms "incend-tun". Adopted no earlier than circa 1200-1215 at start of the age of heraldry
Incledon, Braunton, North Devon. Now a Victorian-style farmhouse, in 1160 the ancient seat of the de Incledon family
View over Incledon looking eastwards

Vivian (1895) gives the descent of the Incledon family as follows:[5]

  • Robert de Incledon, living in 1160. The Book of Fees (probably 13th century) lists Incledene as held from the Honour of Barnstaple by "Nicholas de Ferariis" (Ferrers) and "Robert de Incledene".[6]
  • Walter I de Incledon (son), living in 1169
  • Godefry I de Incledon, unspecified descendant, living in 1199
  • Godfrey II de Incledene, unspecified descendant, husband of a certain Sarie, alive in 1319. In 1319 he purchased the adjoining estate of Buckland from Adam de Wickloe.
  • William Incledene, unspecified descendant, living in 1334
  • Walter II de Incledene, unspecified descendant, living in 1399
  • Richard Incledene, unspecified descendant, living in 1407, husband of a certain Alice, also living in 1407
  • John I Incledene, unspecified descendant, living in 1434. He settled his lands in Patchole, Kentisbury, on his son John II.
  • John II Incledene (died pre-1489) (son), living in 1436. He married Joan Bradleigh, daughter of John Bradleigh of West Bradleigh, Somerset.
  • Robert I Incledene (died post-1509), son and heir, who married a certain Joan. In 1509 he made a settlement of his lands in Incledon and elsewhere.
  • John III Incledene (son), living in 1531. he married a certain Joan.
  • Robert II Incledene (d.1558), unspecified descendant, who married Agnes Wolfe, daughter and heiress of John Wolfe of Braunton. Buried at Braunton.
  • John IV Inkleton (d.1570) (son), who in 1535[7] married Jane Davills, daughter of Lewis Davills of Little Marland in the parish of Petrockstowe, Devon, by his wife Philipa Beaumont, daughter of Henry Beaumont (d.1548) (or daughter of Henry's father John Beaumont (alias Bodrugan)),[8] lord of the manor of Gittisham, Devon. The senior line of the Beaumont family held the North Devon manor of Shirwell, where they resided at Youlston, from the time of the Domesday Book (1086).[9]
  • Lewis I Inkleton (d.1614), son and heir, who married twice, firstly to Grace Cranberie (d.1568), daughter and heiress of Robert Cranberie of Bratton Clovelly, Devon; secondly to Willmot Pomeroy (d.1610), daughter of Andrew Pomeroy of Colyton.
  • John V Inckleton (1565-1634), son and heir by his father's first wife. He was buried at Bratton Clovelly. He married Phillipa Glinne, daughter of William Glinne of Glinne, Cornwall. Their only son Shilston Incledon (1611-pre-1620) died in infancy and their daughter Anne Incledon in 1630 married Thomas Tapson, a merchant of Plymouth, by whom she had a son Thomas II Tapson who predeceased her.[10]
  • Lewis II Incledon (d.1657), half-brother, son of Lewis I Incledon by his second wife. He married twice, firstly in 1620 to Anne Wyott (d.1621), who died apparently in childbirth.[11] He married secondly in 1634 to Elizabeth Collamore (1601-1664), daughter of Thomas Collamore (d.1635) of Luscott in the parish of Braunton.[12]
  • John VI Incledon (1635-1661), eldest son and heir by father's first wife. Died without progeny.
Mural monument to Lewis III Incledon (1636-1699), St Brannock's Church, Braunton, erected by his widow Elizabeth Fane and her son Henry Incledon (1671-1736). The inscription on the central tablet lists his ancestry from Robert II Incledon (d.1558). The bottom tablet is dedicated to Henry Incledon (1671-1736) and his wife Mary Davie (d.1710) (whose arms are shown impaled by Incledon) and their son John VII Incledon (1702-1746)
  • Lewis III Incledon (1636-1699), younger brother. He married twice: firstly in 1672 to Alice Addington, a daughter of John Addington (d.1661) of High Bickington in Devon and Harlowbury[13] in Old Harlow, Essex, and a co-heiress to her brother Thomas Addington (d.1688). The arms of Addington (Per pale Ermine and Ermines, between three fleurs-de-lys, a chevron charged with four lozenges, all counter-changed[14]) are shown at the bottom of the right margin on the mural monument to Lewis III Incledon in Braunton Church. Without progeny. Secondly in 1672 at Tawstock, he married Elizabeth Fane (d.1717), daughter of Hon. Robert Fane of Combe Bank,[15] Sevenoaks, Kent, 7th son of Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland (1580-1629). Tawstock Court was the seat of Henry Bourchier, 5th Earl of Bath (1593-1654), whose wife was Rachell Fane (d.1681), a daughter of the 1st Earl of Westmorland. By his wife Elizabeth Fane Lewis III had two surviving sons:
    • Henry Incledon (1671-1736) of Buckland and Incledon
Pilton House, Pilton, near Barnstaple, Devon, built in 1746 by Robert Incledon[16] (1676-1758)
  • Henry Incledon (1671-1736) of Buckland and Incledon, eldest son of Lewis III Incledon. He married twice, firstly in 1698 to Mary Davie (1680-1710), a daughter of John Davie (1640–1710) of Orleigh Court in the parish of Buckland Brewer, Devon, a prominent tobacco merchant from Bideford, Devon.[18] secondly in 1715 he married Susannah Chichester (d.1763), a daughter of Sir Arthur Chichester, 3rd Baronet (c. 1663-1718) of Youlston Park, Shirwell, Devon, possibly the leading family of the ancient North Devon gentry. His eldest son and heir by his 2nd marriage was Chichester Incledon (1715-1771) of Barnstaple, Attorney at Law, whose 3rd son was Vice-Admiral Richard Incledon-Bury (1757-1825), who inherited from his distant cousin the estates of the ancient Bury family of Colleton, Chulmleigh. Chichester Incledon's grandson Robert Incledon (d.1849) was the last in the male line of the Incledon family.[19]
  • John VII Incledon (1702-1746) of Buckland, eldest son and heir from his father's first marriage to Mary Davie. In 1734 he married Elizabeth Northcote, a daughter of Sir Henry Northcote, 4th Baronet (1655-1730), of Corffe, Tawstock, lord of the manor of Bishop's Nympton. His only son John Incledon (1741-1741) died an infant, thus he left two daughters as his co-heiresses:
    • Mary Incledon (1736-1802), 2nd and eldest surviving daughter, who in 1759 married Philip Rogers Webber (1732-1819), JP and DL for Devon, great-grandson of John Webber, a merchant of Barnstaple, mayor of Barnstaple in 1702.[20] In 1762 he rebuilt Pilton House with a Queen Anne style front. Their eldest son and heir was Lieutenant John Incledon Webber (1759-1793), Royal Navy.
    • Frances Incledon, 3rd daughter, who married Edward Pilcher of Riochester in Kent, by whom she had a daughter Frances Pilcher (d.1783), who died unmarried.

Webber[edit]

Arms of Webber of Buckland and Incledon, Braunton, Devon: Gules, on a chevron engrailed argent between three plates three annulets of the first
Alexander Webber (1685-1739), fourth generation pewterer of Barnstaple, North Devon, Mayor of Barnstaple in 1737. Portrait by Thomas Hudson (1701-1779), collection of Barnstaple Guildhall
  • Philip Rogers Webber (1732-1819), JP and DL for Devon, son of Alexander Webber (1685-1739), Mayor of Barnstaple in 1737, whose portrait by Thomas Hudson (1701-1779) survives in Barnstaple Guildhall. Alexander Webber was the grandson of John Webber, a merchant of Barnstaple, Mayor of Barnstaple in 1702.[21] The Webber family were leading pewterers in Barnstaple, of which Alexander Webber was the fourth generation.[22]
  • Lieutenant John Incledon Webber (1759-1793), Royal Navy, eldest son and heir. He died at Barbados on 18 September 1793, in command of the Royal Navy cutter Sea Flower. Without progeny. Buried at Bridgetown, Barbados with mural monument in Braunton Church.
  • Major-General Henry Webber (1762-1833), younger brother, an officer of the East India Company Army at Madras. In 1810 at Bangalore, India, he married Elizabeth L'Ecolier (d.1823). He was buried at Braunton, where survives his mural monument.
  • Charles Henry Webber (1810-1883) of Buckland House, eldest son and heir, born in India. He was JP for Devon and was Lieutenant in the North Devon Yeomanry Cavalry and was Captain in the North Devon Militia. In 1832 he married his first cousin Henrietta Chichester (1809-1884), daughter of Charles Chichester (1750-1835) of Hall in the parish of Bishop's Tawton, Devon, by his wife Henrietta Webber (d.1835), 7th daughter of Philip Rogers Webber (1732-1819) of Buckland.[23]
  • Edward Chichester Incledon Webber (1837-1896), 2nd and eldest surviving son, who in 1867 married Georgina Beare, daughter of Major William Gabbett Beare of Holland House, Kingsgate, Isle of Thanet, Kent, and 34 Devonshire Place, Westminster, London, and a co-heiress of her brother Arthur Cotton Beare.[24]
  • Duncan Harold Beare Incledon-Webber (1869-post 1937), eldest son and heir. In 1931 he disposed of his share of his paternal inheritance to his next younger brother William.[25] His youngest brother was Brigadier-General Adrian Beare Incledon-Webber (1876-1946).[26]
  • William Beare Incledon-Webber (1872-post 1937), younger brother, of Buckland House, who in 1931 purchased his elder brother's share of their joint paternal inheritance. Lord of the manor of Croyde, North Devon. A Barrister at Grays Inn and a JP, he fought in the Boer War and World War I. In 1903 he married Helen Sturdy, 2nd daughter of William Sturdy of Paxhill Park, Lindfield, Sussex.
  • Lt.Col. Godfrey Sturdy Incledon Webber (1904-1986), eldest son and heir, formerly of the Grange, Leamington, Warwickshire. TD, a Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, Sheriff of the City of London (1968-9). In 1931 he married Angela Florence Lacy, a daughter of the prominent stockbroker Sir Pierce Thomas Lacy, 1st Baronet (1872–1956) a partner in Cutler & Lacy and chairman of the Birmingham Stock Exchange. She was a Roman Catholic[27] and in 1957 built a Catholic chapel, dedicated in 1958, as a memorial to her parents. It is within the Buckland estate on the site on a ruined mediaeval chapel next to the ancient St Brannock's Holy Well, a few hundred metres south-east of Buckland House.[28] He left three daughters:[29]
    • Diana Mary Incledon-Webber (born 1932), eldest daughter and heir. In 1961 she married John Edward Bury, a Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, son of Colonel John Bury and Ruth Alice Le Marchant.[30] They lived with their family at Buckland House from 1986 until 2011[31] when they moved to Buckland Barton.
    • Elizabeth Angela Incledon-Webber (born 1934)
    • Priscilla Incledon-Webber (born 1945), who inherited her father's secondary seat, St Brannock's House, Braunton.[32]
  • Henry Incledon Bury (born 1962), eldest son. Inherited Buckland Manor in 2011. In 2009, he married Fiona Charlesworth, daughter of Colonel Wilf and Lucy Vivian Charlesworth.

Sources[edit]

  • Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, pp. 2390–1, pedigree of Incledon-Webber of Buckland
  • Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 497–9, pedigree of Incledon of Buckland

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-98284-buckland-manor-braunton-devon
  2. ^ Vivian, 1895, p.497
  3. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.2390
  4. ^ Per Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, p.497, pedigree of Incledon of Buckland. As visible (with gilded flames) on various mural monuments to the Incledon and Webber families in St Brannock's Church, Braunton and on the frieze of Queen Anne's Walk (Mercantile Exchange, circa 1708), Barnstaple, Devon
  5. ^ Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp.497-9, pedigree of Incledon of Buckland
  6. ^ Thorn, Caroline & Frank, (eds.) Domesday Book, (Morris, John, gen.ed.) Vol. 9, Devon, Parts 1 & 2, Phillimore Press, Chichester, 1985, part 2 (notes), 3,43, quoting "Book of Fees, p.771"
  7. ^ Regnal date 27 Henry VIII
  8. ^ Vivian, p.66, pedigree of Beaumont of Gittisham; p273, pedigree of Daviles
  9. ^ Thorn, Caroline & Frank, (eds.) Domesday Book, (Morris, John, gen.ed.) Vol. 9, Devon, Parts 1 & 2, Phillimore Press, Chichester, 1985, 16,65
  10. ^ Vivian, p.498 ob(iit) v(ivente) matris
  11. ^ Vivian, p.498: buried in 1621 at Braunton with her infant
  12. ^ Vivian, p.498; p.217, pedigree of Collamore of Braunton
  13. ^ The manor of Harlowbury was acquired by the Addington family following its surrender to the crown by Bury St Edmunds Abbey following the Dissolution of the Monasteries[1] Archived 2014-10-07 at Archive.today
  14. ^ Vivian, p.10, pedigree of Addington of Leigh; Lysons, Magna Britannia, Vol.6, Devon, "Families known, or supposed, to be extinct since 1620, or removed out of the County.[2]"
  15. ^ Per inscription on monument to lewis III Incledon, Braunton Church
  16. ^ Reed, Margaret A., Pilton: Its Past and Its People, Barnstaple, 1985, p.143; Listed building text [3]
  17. ^ Vivian, p.499
  18. ^ Vivian, p.498
  19. ^ Vivian, p.499
  20. ^ Vivian, p.812, pedigree of Webber of Buckland. For possible ancestry of the Webber family of North Devon, see Western Times Devon, 12 Sep 1924: "WEBBER MILLIONS...descent from Rev. Humphrey Webber, Rector Challacombe, in 1665. The latter was descendant of Wofert Webber, the Dutchman, who willed that the vast fortune should go to the seventh generation. Present members of the Webber family in North Devon, descendants..."
  21. ^ Vivian, p.812, pedigree of Webber of Buckland. For possible ancestry of the Webber family of North Devon, see Western Times Devon, 12 Sep 1924: "WEBBER MILLIONS...descent from Rev. Humphrey Webber, Rector Challacombe, in 1665. The latter was descendant of Wofert Webber, the Dutchman, who willed that the vast fortune should go to the seventh generation. Present members of the Webber family in North Devon, descendants..."
  22. ^ See Museum of Devon booklet
  23. ^ Vivian, p.178, pedigree of Chichester of Hall
  24. ^ Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry, 15th Edition, ed. Pirie-Gordon, H., London, 1937, pp.2390-1, pedigree of Incledon-Webber of Buckland, p.2391
  25. ^ Burke's Landed Gentry, 1937, p.2391
  26. ^ Obituary North Devon Journal, 31 Oct 1946
  27. ^ [4]
  28. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=11093
  29. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p49732.htm
  30. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p49732.htm#i497316
  31. ^ [5]
  32. ^ Burke's LG, p.2390St Brannock's was a secondary seat of the Incledon-Webber family of Buckland House & see [6]