Buckland, Surrey

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Buckland
Buckland mill.jpg
Buckland windmill
Buckland is located in Surrey
Buckland
Buckland
Buckland shown within Surrey
Area 5.51 km2 (2.13 sq mi)
Population 562 (Civil Parish 2011)[1]
• Density 102/km2 (260/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ2251
Civil parish
  • Buckland
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Betchworth
Postcode district RH3
Dialling code 01737
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
SurreyCoordinates: 51°14′38″N 0°15′18″W / 51.244°N 0.255°W / 51.244; -0.255

Buckland is a village and civil parish in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, England, between Dorking and Reigate, its nearest towns. The civil parish is bordered by the North Downs escarpment in the north. The area contains a number of clay pits.

History[edit]

Buckland appears in Domesday Book (of 1086) as Bochelant. It was owned by John of Tonbridge. Buckland had a church, watermill and thirty-five heads of household. Of these, seventeen farmed the land owned by the feudal lord, and ten were more lowly servants (serfs) of the estate.[2]

The village church St Mary the Virgin was built in 1380.[3] The windmill is a tourist focal point.

Local legend[edit]

Buckland is also the location of the Shag Brook, which local legend says was the home of a monstrous horse (in some versions a gorilla), called the Buckland Shag. This beast would drag travellers from the nearby coaching road and devour them on the Shag Stone, a large boulder in the brook with a blood red vein of iron ore running through it.[4]

The local parson, Willoughby Bertie, had the Shag Stone removed from the brook in 1757 and thrown from a cliff in Devon. The Buckland Shag then disappeared from local folklore.

The legend of the Buckland Shag has recently been revived by a local morris side, The Buckland Shag Morris Men.

Governance[edit]

Surrey County Council elected every four years, has one representative, from Buckland for Dorking Rural:

  • Helyn Clack, conservative who participates in these committees:
    • Cabinet Member for Community Services and the 2012 Games decisions
    • People, Performance and Development
    • The Mole Valley local committee (obligatory)[5]

The second party forming the main local opposition in the 2009 election, was the Liberal Democrats gaining 1956 votes versus the winning candidate's 2225.[6]

2 councillors sit on Mole Valley borough council, who are:

Election Member[7][8]

Ward

2011 John Muggeridge Brockham, Betchworth & Buckland
2010 Paul Potter Brockham, Betchworth & Buckland

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 118 76 13 25 4 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 562 236 39.8% 30.5% 551

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Transport[edit]

Roads

The A25 runs east–west through the parish. No dual carriageways are in the parish.

Rail

The nearest railway station is centred 1 mile (1.6 km) WNW of the village centre, Betchworth railway station and is also on an east–west line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived July 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ St Mary the Virgin
  4. ^ Dyer, F. Thiselton (2008). Strange Pages from Family Papers. London: Echo library. p. 344. ISBN 9781406827040.  page 63
  5. ^ Surrey Councillor details Surrey Councillor details
  6. ^ Dorking Rural 2009 Election Results
  7. ^ Mole Valley Councillors. Retrieved 2012-04-28
  8. ^ Mole Valley Results 2009-11

External links[edit]