Buckland Windmill

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Buckland Mill
Buckland mill.jpg
The mill in 2006
Mill name Buckland Mill
Grid reference TQ 221 507
Coordinates 51°14′33″N 0°15′10″W / 51.242627°N 0.252694°W / 51.242627; -0.252694Coordinates: 51°14′33″N 0°15′10″W / 51.242627°N 0.252694°W / 51.242627; -0.252694
Operator(s) Private
Year built Mid-19th century
Purpose Saw mill
Type smock mill
Storeys Two-storey smock
Base storeys Single-storey base
Smock sides Circular smock
Number of sails Four sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Six blades

Buckland Windmill is a grade II listed[1] smock mill at Buckland, Surrey, England which has been restored to working order. It is the only surviving wind saw mill in the United Kingdom.[2]


Buckland Windmill was built by William Cooper, the Henfield millwright, sometime in the 1860s or 1870s. It stands in the grounds of a house that was lived in by the carpenters of the Buckland Court Estate. The windmill was discovered in 1995, with a mature yew tree standing very close to it. When the owners contacted the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings for advice, they were surprised to find that it existed, because the mill had been missed by Ken Farries and Martin Mason,[3] and omitted from their comprehensive work on windmills in the county.[4]


The restoration of the mill took place over a number of years, starting in 1995-97 when the building was repaired and made weatherproof. In 1999-2001 the cap frame was constructed and the sails refitted. From 2003, the mill was put into working order. The work was funded by grants from the BAA (Environmental Grants Scheme), at Gatwick, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Rural Enterprise Scheme), Mole Valley District Council and Surrey Historic Buildings Trust. The millwrights were Tony Hole, of Dorothea Restorations and Vincent Pargeter, who was responsible for the sails.[5] The restored mill turned by wind for the first time in February 2004.[6]


The restoration of the mill was recognised by awards from the Surrey Historic Buildings Trust in March 2004 and the Surrey Industrial History Group in July 2004.[2]


For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Buckland Windmill is a small circular smock mill built on a two-storey building. It has a small cap and is powered by four Patent sails. The cap is winded by a fantail.[3]


  1. ^ "WINDMILL (IN GROUNDS OF YEWDELLS), DUNGATES LANE (south west side), BUCKLAND, MOLE VALLEY, SURREY". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Windmill". Buckland, Surrey. Archived from the original on 2008-05-02. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  3. ^ a b "A HISTORY OF BUCKLAND WINDMILL". Buckland, Surrey. Archived from the original on February 4, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  4. ^ Farries, Kenneth G & Mason, Martin T (1966). The Windmills of Surrey and Inner London. London: Charles Skilton. 
  5. ^ "Restoration". Buckland, Surrey. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  6. ^ "Buckland windmill turns by wind". Windmill World. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 

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