Buckman Tavern

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Buckman Tavern
Buckman Tavern, Lexington, Massachusetts.JPG
Buckman Tavern, Lexington, Massachusetts
Buckman Tavern is located in Massachusetts
Buckman Tavern
Buckman Tavern is located in the US
Buckman Tavern
Location1 Bedford Street, Lexington, Massachusetts
Coordinates42°26′57″N 71°13′47″W / 42.4493°N 71.2297°W / 42.4493; -71.2297Coordinates: 42°26′57″N 71°13′47″W / 42.4493°N 71.2297°W / 42.4493; -71.2297
Builtca. 1709–1710[chronology citation needed]
ArchitectBenjamin Muzzy
Architectural styleFederal
NRHP reference #66000137
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLJanuary 20, 1961[2]

Buckman Tavern is a historic American Revolutionary War site associated with the revolution's very first battle, the 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord. It is located on the Battle Green in Lexington, Massachusetts and operated as a museum by the Lexington Historical Society.[3]

Buckman Tavern in 1929


The tavern was built in about 1709–1710 by Benjamin Muzzey (1657–1735), and with license granted in 1693 was the first public house in Lexington. Muzzey ran it for years, then his son John, and then at the time of the battle it was run by John's granddaughter and her husband John Buckman, a member of the Lexington Training Band. In those years the tavern was a favorite gathering place for militiamen on days when they trained on the Lexington Green. (Lexington, unlike other local communities, did not establish a minuteman company, instead maintaining a "training band" [an old English phrase for a militia company] for local defense).[4]

Battles of Lexington and Concord[edit]

The Battle of Lexington and Concord took form before dawn on April 19, 1775. Having received word that the regular army had left Boston in force to seize and destroy military supplies in Concord, several dozen militiamen gathered on the town common, and then eventually went to the tavern to await the arrival of the British troops. Definite word reached them just before sunrise, and Captain Parker's company of militia left the tavern to assemble in two ranks on the common. Following the arrival of the army, a single shot was fired; by whom, it is still unknown. With this shot, the American Revolutionary War began.[5][6]

Although best known as the headquarters of the militia, Buckman Tavern is also noteworthy as perhaps the busiest of Lexington's 18th-century taverns. It housed the first village store in Lexington, and later, in 1813, the first town post office.

Historic site[edit]

The tavern's interior appears today very much as it did in 1775 and one can see the restored 18th-century taproom with large fireplace and central chimney. Among the many items on display is the old front door, with its bullet hole possibly made by a British musket ball during the battle, and a portrait of John Buckman.[7]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[2][8]

The Internet entrepreneur John Buckman is a direct descendant of the original "John Buckman", owner of the Buckman Tavern.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b "Buckman Tavern". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-06-06. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  3. ^ Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride, pp. 90, 192, 389–90, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1994. ISBN 0-19-508847-6.
  4. ^ Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride, p. 395, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1994. ISBN 0-19-508847-6.
  5. ^ Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride, pp. 184–201, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1994. ISBN 0-19-508847-6.
  6. ^ Galvin, Gen. John R. The Minute Men: The First Fight: Myths & Realities of the American Revolution, pp. 120–134, Pergamon-Brassey's, Washington, DC, 1989. ISBN 0-08-036733-X.
  7. ^ Fischer, David Hackett. Paul Revere's Ride, p. 402, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1994. ISBN 0-19-508847-6.
  8. ^ Polly M. Rettig and C. E. Shedd, Jr. (December 23, 1974) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Buckman Tavern, National Park Service and Accompanying four photos, from 1974
  9. ^ "A Bucknam/Buckman genealogy, some descendants of William Bucknam of Charlestown and Malden, and John Buckman of Boston" published 1988 by Gateway press https://openlibrary.org/b/OL2069042M/Bucknam/Buckman-genealogy[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Media related to Buckman Tavern at Wikimedia Commons