Buckner, Illinois

Coordinates: 37°58′52″N 89°0′56″W / 37.98111°N 89.01556°W / 37.98111; -89.01556
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Buckner, Illinois
Welcome sign along IL 14
Welcome sign along IL 14
Location of Buckner in Franklin County, Illinois.
Location of Buckner in Franklin County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°58′52″N 89°0′56″W / 37.98111°N 89.01556°W / 37.98111; -89.01556
CountryUnited States
 • Total0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Land0.87 sq mi (2.26 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation397 ft (121 m)
 • Total409
 • Density469.04/sq mi (181.14/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code618
FIPS code17-09330
GNIS feature ID2397487[2]
Wikimedia CommonsBuckner, Illinois

Buckner is a village in Franklin County, Illinois, United States. The population was 409 at the 2020 census. The current mayor is Aaron Eubanks.[3]


The village was named after American Civil War Union veteran Moses Buckner (b. Feb 11, 1827 d. April 17, 1882), who served in the 15th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry.[4]

United Coal Mine No. 2 opened in 1911 in Buckner under the ownership of the United Coal Mining Company (later the United Coal Corporation). The mine was sold to the Old Ben Coal Corporation in 1960, and renamed Old Ben Coal Mine No. 14. Eight men were killed in an explosion in 1915, and one man was killed in a gas explosion in 1931. The mine was idle in 1933. Its last production was 1960.[5][6]

The opening of the mines attracted immigrant workers. A large number of miners arrived, many of them from Austria-Hungary, Poland, Czechsolvakia and many of Lemko and Rusyn origin. [6] Many early immigrants trace their roots to the village of Myscowa in Poland. [6]

The mining community built a Russian Orthodox Church in 1913, which burned down in 1918. A second church was constructed. This church, the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, still stands today.[4] It was built to mimic the construction of St. Ioasaph's in Muddy.[7]

Along with the still standing Holy Protection Church in Royalton,[7] St Mary's Orthodox Church in Madison, this church in Buckner was among the first of several Orthodox churches built to serve immigrant mining communities in southern Illinois. Others included the towns of Benld,[8] Grand Tower, and Dowell.[9]

This village had a number of taverns and nightclubs and was known as one of the biggest entertainment areas of Franklin County from the 1950s to the early 1980s.


Buckner is located in west-central Franklin County at 37°58′52″N 89°0′56″W / 37.98111°N 89.01556°W / 37.98111; -89.01556 (37.981131, -89.015693).[10] Illinois Route 14 passes through the village, leading east 5.5 miles (8.9 km) to Benton, the county seat, and west 2 miles (3 km) to Christopher.

According to the 2010 census, Buckner has a total area of 0.891 square miles (2.31 km2), of which 0.87 square miles (2.25 km2) (or 97.64%) is land and 0.021 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 2.36%) is water.[11]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 479 people, 218 households, and 134 families residing in the village. The population density was 540.3 inhabitants per square mile (208.6/km2). There were 235 housing units at an average density of 265.1 per square mile (102.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.33% White, 0.84% Native American, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

There were 218 households, out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 21.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $25,119, and the median income for a family was $29,167. Males had a median income of $24,875 versus $16,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $12,260. About 18.9% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Buckner, Illinois
  3. ^ "2021 Election Results: Franklin County". WSIU. April 7, 2021. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Buckner, Franklin County, Illinois". Genealogy Trails. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  5. ^ Hinton, Wayne. "Old Ben Coal Mine No. 14". Coal Mines of Franklin County, Illinois. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c >Smith, David (July 1978). The Russians of Buckner (Master of Arts thesis). Southern Illinois University. OCLC 8044617.
  7. ^ a b Frances Van Cleve (August 7, 1959). "Russian Orthodox Church Unique In Area". Southern Illinoisan. p. 5.
  8. ^ Alliband, Terry (1980). "Expressions: Folkways in Southern Illinois". THE EASTERN ORTHODOX COMMUNITY IN ROYALTON. Southern Illinois University Carbondale. p. 8.
  9. ^ FURRY, WILLIAM (August 6, 2009). "Shadows of the Motherland Russian Orthodoxy in downstate Illinois". Retrieved October 8, 2023.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.