Buckrose (UK Parliament constituency)

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Yorkshire, East Riding, Buckrose Division
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County East Riding of Yorkshire
18851950
Replaced by Bridlington and Beverley
Created from East Riding of Yorkshire

Buckrose was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was a county constituency comprising the northern part of the East Riding of Yorkshire, represented by one Member of Parliament, and was created for the 1885 general election.

It was redefined in 1918 as covering the borough of Bridlington, the urban districts of Great Driffield, Filey, Norton and the rural districts of Bridlington, Great Driffield, Norton and Sherburn.

Buckrose was abolished for the 1950 general election, when boundary changes reduced the East Riding's number of county constituencies from three to two, the eastern part of the constituency and most of the voters being included in the new Bridlington constituency and the remainder in the Beverley constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted of the northern third of the East Riding. The largest town was Bridlington, but the constituency also included Filey, Driffield and Norton, as well numerous villages, and the rural element was predominant. At the time of the 1921 census, almost two-fifths (38%) of the occupied male population were engaged in agriculture.

Name[edit]

Buckrose took its name from the wapentake of Buckrose, one of the medieval sub-divisions of the East Riding which, however, had long ceased to have much administrative significance by 1885, and had covered only part of the area of the constituency and a minority of its population. (The constituency also included the whole of the former wapentake of Dickering, which included Bridlington and Filey, and part of the wapentake of Harthill which included Driffield.) The name seems to have been chosen primarily to avoid offending any local sensibilities, and with little regard for comprehensibility (a criticism also levelled at many of the other new constituency names created under the 1885 Reform Act).

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Christopher Sykes Conservative
1886 William Alexander McArthur[1] Liberal
1886 Christopher Sykes Conservative
1892 Sir Angus Holden Liberal
1900 Sir Luke White Liberal
1918 Algernon Henry Moreing Coalition Liberal
1922 Sir Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt [2] Conservative
1926 by-election Sir Albert Braithwaite Conservative
1945 George Wadsworth Liberal
1950 constituency abolished: see Bridlington and Beverley

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Buckrose[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Sykes n/a
Liberal n/a
Majority 296 3.8 n/a
Turnout n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
William McArthur
General Election 1886: Buckrose[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative 3,735 50.1
Liberal William Alexander McArthur 3,724 49.9
Majority 11 0.2
Turnout 81.9
Conservative hold Swing
  • At the General Election of 1886, McArthur was declared the victor over Sykes by a single vote, 3,742 to 3,741, and took his seat, but "on scrutiny" the seat was eventually awarded to his opponent, Sykes, by a majority of 11 votes.

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Frederick Fison
General Election 1892: Buckrose[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Angus Holden 4,294 54.1 +4.2
Conservative Frederick William Fison 3,642 45.9 -4.2
Majority 652 8.2 +8.2
Turnout 87.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.2
Angus Holden
General Election 1895: Buckrose[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Angus Holden 4,076 50.6 -3.5
Conservative Thomas Clarence Edward Goff 3,986 49.4 +3.5
Majority 90 1.2 -7.0
Turnout 86.8
Liberal hold Swing -3.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Luke White
General Election 1900: Buckrose[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Luke White 4,083 50.6 +0.0
Liberal Unionist Ernest Claude Meysey-Thompson 3,992 49.4 -0.0
Majority 91 1.2 +0.0
Turnout 83.7 -3.1
Liberal hold Swing +0.0
General Election 1906: Buckrose[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Luke White 5,236 59.0 +8.4
Conservative Reginald Bethune, Viscount Garnock 3,634 41.0 -8.4
Majority 1,602 18.0 +16.8
Turnout 87.4
Liberal hold Swing +8.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Mark Sykes
General Election January 1910: Buckrose[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Luke White 4,957 51.1
Conservative Tatton Benvenuto Mark Sykes 4,739 48.9
Majority 218 2.2
Turnout 91.0 +3.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Buckrose[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Luke White 4,867 51.2 +0.1
Conservative Tatton Benvenuto Mark Sykes 4,635 48.8 -0.1
Majority 232 2.4 +0.2
Turnout 89.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.1

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1914 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Buckrose[11]

Electorate 27,288

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal 9,310 60.9
Labour George Henry Dawson 3,176 20.8
Liberal Austin Taylor 2,792 18.3
Majority 6,134 40.1
Turnout
Coalition Liberal gain from Liberal Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Thomas Fenby
General Election 1922: Buckrose[12]

Electorate 28,385

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt 12,012 51.3
Liberal Thomas Davis Fenby 11,411 48.7
Majority 2.6
Turnout
Unionist gain from National Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Buckrose[13]

Electorate 29,076

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt 12,336 50.4
Liberal Thomas Davis Fenby 12,122 49.6
Majority 214 0.8
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Buckrose[14]

Electorate 30,074

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Guy Reginald Archer Gaunt 13,966 56.0
Liberal H A Briggs 10,962 44.0
Majority 3,004 12.0
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
Buckrose by-election, 1926[15]

Electorate 30,388

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Albert Newby Braithwaite 12,098 48.7 -7.3
Liberal Sir Harry Calvert Williams Verney 10,537 42.5 -1.5
Labour H. C. Laycock 2,191 8.8 n/a
Majority 1,552 6.2 -5.8
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing -2.9
General Election 1929: Buckrose[16]

Electorate 38,884

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Albert Newby Braithwaite 15,625 50.0 +1.3
Liberal Sidney Streatfield Lamert 13,825 44.4 +1.9
Labour H H Vickers 1,766 5.6 -3.2
Majority 1,800 5.6 -0.6
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing -0.3

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931

Electorate 39,981

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert Newby Braithwaite unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935

Electorate 41,899

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Albert Newby Braithwaite 18,090 55.1
Liberal Thomas Macleod 14,763 44.9
Majority 3,327 10.2
Turnout 32,853 78.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945

Electorate 43,012

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal George Wadsworth 15,934 51.5
Conservative Sir Albert Newby Braithwaite 14,985 48.5
Majority 949 3.1
Turnout 71.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the General Election of 1886, McArthur was declared the victor over Sykes by a single vote, 3,742 to 3,741, and took his seat, but "on scrutiny" the seat was eventually awarded to his opponent, Sykes, by a majority of 11 votes
  2. ^ Resigned his seat
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, F W S Craig

References[edit]