Budča

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Zvolen District in the Banská Bystrica region
Budča
Settlement
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Banská Bystrica
District Zvolen
Population 1,102
First mentioned 1254
Mayor František Moravec
Postal code 962 33
Phone prefix 421-2
Car plate ZV
Statistics: https://web.archive.org/web/20071217080336/http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html
Website: http://www.budca.sk

Budča is a village and municipality of the Zvolen District in the Banská Bystrica Region of Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

Budča is situated approximately 5 km west of the town of Zvolen in a valley between the Štiavnica Mountains and the Kremnica Mountains, near the Hron river at an altitude of 285 meters. Historically, it lies on the Cracow highway, linking central Slovakia with the south and north. The village is surrounded on all sides by mountains.

Language, people, customs[edit]

The dialect of Budča is central Slovakian, with deviations from the standard language. Many elements in Hont County's dialect are a result of the joint estate of Budča and Dobrá Niva by the Esterházi family.

Some traditional customs are observed, usually around Christmas and Easter. Also, before and during weddings some traditions are kept.

Architecture, attractions, tourism[edit]

Older historical buildings, due to numerous wars, disasters, and invasion, no longer exist. In the 1990s significant new home construction began, and continued into the early 21st century. Proximity to Zvolen made the village a popular location for building houses.

The slopes of the nearby mountains are a Protected Landscape Area and harbor native plants and thermophiles, the northernmost point of their occurrence.

Another natural attraction is Devil's Rock, located about 3 km west of the village on a steep slope above the main road to Žiar nad Hronom; it resulted from volcanic origin of the surrounding mountains. There is a local legend about its origin: The Devil helped local fishermen with catches in return for a promise that they would never go to church. The men failed their promise, so the Devil began to accumulate rock dam in the confines Hron. Luckily, the Devil did not quite succeed, leaving only the stone seas and Devil's Rock itself.

Economy and employment[edit]

Initially the government planned to build a complex for paper fabric production in the village, but in the end a large-scale pig farm was built, the largest in Slovakia. There are not many other employment opportunities in Budča; however, there are plans to build an industrial park.

Transport[edit]

The village is easily accessible by local road and rail networks.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in the first half of the 13th century, when its original name was Bucha. Later, under Hungarian influences, the name changed to Bucs, then to Zólyóm Bucs. After 1918 it was Buča, and since 1928 it has been Budča.

The first church was built in 1239 in the Gothic style. In the 16th and 17th centuries it was among the largest settlements in the region.

Throughout its history Budča has been plagued by wars and rebellions: the Turks[clarification needed]; the Bethlen, Tököly and Rakoczy insurrections; both World Wars of the 20th century; and the soldiers of the Hungarian Republic of Councils. The village has experienced other disasters, of which the worst in recent times was a fire in 1900.

Uprisings forced the people to withdraw into the mountains, where they founded the settlement called Old Budča[when?]. After the threats passed, the population returned to their original village and Old Budča disappeared, but its traces can still be seen. Inhabitants of the village were also actively involved in the Slovak National Uprising (abbreviated SNP).

Systems of education started early in Budča's history; from about 1239, religious education was reputedly taking place at the local pastorate. Journalist, educator, and raconteur Ľudo Zelienka taught there from 1940–1944. A new school was opened on 1 September 1964; the school was built primarily by the people of Budča themselves.

Region[edit]

Budča is home of the civic association named micro region Adela.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°35′N 19°04′E / 48.583°N 19.067°E / 48.583; 19.067