Buda Godman

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Buda Godman
Helen Julia (Buda) Godman -1919.jpg
Born Helen Julia Godman
(1888-12-04)December 4, 1888
Chicago
Died January 7, 1945(1945-01-07) (aged 56)
Queens, New York
Nationality United States
Other names Helen Strong
Alice Williams
Helen Smith
Louise French (1921)
Helen Taylor (1907–1910)
Mrs. Stoneham
Helen Daniels (1945)
Criminal status
1916: convicted, released on bail, jumped bail, charges eventually dropped
1932: convicted, sentenced to prison in New York
Spouse(s) 1907–1910: Tell Taylor
Parent(s) Otho Godman
Julia Conklin
Partner(s) Jackie French
Charles A. Stoneham

Buda Godman (née Helen Julia Godman; December 4, 1888 — January 7, 1945) was an American criminal, actress, and singer. From 1907 to 1910, she was married to the popular songwriter and music publisher Tell Taylor. Six years after Taylor divorced her, Godman was arrested and convicted for participating in a scheme to blackmail a wealthy widower. Godman attempted a scheme known as a "badger game," which involved framing a victim in an embarrassing and illegal situation that resulted in a staged arrest by fake law enforcement officials. Godman, who was ,[1] posed as an unmarried woman being held against her will in a hotel room across state lines, which, if true, would have been a violation of the Mann Act. The ensuing fake arrest went awry when the victim reported the incident to authorities.

In 1932, Godman, under the name of Helen Smith, was convicted for grand larceny and sentenced to prison in New York.

Early Life[edit]

Buda was the daughter of a telegrapher and race track sheet-writer, Otho Godman. Her beauty was so fearsomely fascinating that before maturity she stopped traffic on the streets. She was petite, a wee trifle plump, with big steel-blue eyes, a tip-tilted nose, an oval face with a dimpled chin, a peewee mouth, and tiny hands and feet. To protect her from growing up under bad influences, at age fifteen she was sent to St. Joseph’s Academy, in Adrian, Michigan, a convent school. In 1950, even after she had passed from the spotlight, and passed from this Earth, she was remembered as the prettiest girl ever born and raised in Chicago.[2]

Criminal Events[edit]

1916 Blackmail scheme[edit]

Indicted co-conspirators: Buda Godman, Helen Evers, Homer T. French, William Butler, Doc Brady (alias James Christian), George Irwin[2]

In 1916, Godman, under the alias "Alice Williams," persuaded Edward R. West, a wealthy business executive and widower from Hyde Park, Chicago, to travel with her from Chicago to New York City. West was the Vice President of the C. D. Gregg Tea and Coffee Company of St. Louis, Chicago, and New York. While "Miss Williams" and West were in their room at the Ansonia Hotel, two men, impersonating Federal law enforcement agents, entered the room and "arrested" West for violation of the Mann Act.[i]

The men transported West and Godman back to Chicago and coerced West into paying them $15,000 to avoid prosecution, embarrassment, and damage to his and Alice's reputation. West reported the incident after becoming suspicious. Several of the male blackmailers were sentenced to prison. Godman was released on $10,000 bail ($877,000.00 in 2017) provided by two friends: Mrs. Susie Summerville and Mrs. Rene Bernice Morrow, née Martin. Morrow, in 1912, had been acquitted of the charge of murdering her husband. Summerville and Morrow forfeited bail when Godman skipped town and vanished for four years. In 1921, citing lack of evidence, the charges were dropped.[3]

Cecil Dudley Gregg (1867–1925) of St. Louis, who had no direct connection with the blackmail incident, was the founder and president of C. D. Gregg Tea & Coffee Co.

This particular scheme is known as badger gaming — an extortion tactic where a pretty girl lures a wealthy man into a compromising position; an associate breaks in, takes some pictures, then they all sit down to haggle over the price.[4]

Chattanooga[edit]

Buda, under the alias of Louise French, and Jack French were arrested February 2, 1921, in Chattanooga for producing and attempting to pass raised bills, a counterfeiting technique of gluing numerals onto a low-denomination bills to make them look like higher denomination bills.[ii]

Denver[edit]

Godman was a paramour of the Jackie French (né John Homer French), bookmaker for Lou Blonger.

Havana, Cuba and New York[edit]

After the 1916 scandal, up through the mid-1920s, Godman became the protege of Charles A. Stoneham, who, among other things, owned the New York Giants baseball club and in Havana, Cuba, owned the Cuba-America Jockey Club, the Havana Casino, and the Oriental Park Racetrack. For years, Godman's Park Avenue apartment served as a stage for criminals that included Arnold Rothstein, the gambler; Owney Madden, the Bear King; race track notables, and Broadway climbers. To the other residents of the apartment house, she was known as Mrs. Stoneham; for others, she had other names; and meanwhile the 1916 blackmail charges in Chicago had been dropped.

1932 Glemby jewelry heist[edit]

John Homer French - At the time of his arrest in 1922

In 1932, Godman, under the alias "Helen Smith," was arrested and charged for an attempt to serve as a fence for $305,000 worth of stolen jewels from New York businessman Harry C. Glemby.[5][iii] On November 10, 1932, Godman was convicted for grand larceny and sentenced to prison in New York for 4 to 8 years.[iv] She began her sentence on November 17, 1932, as prisoner number 1652 at the Auburn Prison and,[v] with other inmates, was transferred on June 30, 1933, to the Bedford Hills Prison.

Aliases[edit]

  • Helen Strong[4]
  • Alice Williams
  • Helen Smith
  • Louise French (1921)
  • Helen Taylor (she was married to Tell Taylor from 1907 to 1910)
  • Mrs. Stoneham (fictitiously married to Charles Abraham Stoneham)
  • Helen Daniels, widow of Charles Daniels[6]

Associates[edit]

  • Dapper Don Collins (pseudonym of Robert Arthur Tourbillon; 1880–1950)[vi] (1916, Chicago)[vii][7]
  • Doc Brady (pseudonym of James Christian) (1916, Chicago),[vii] alias W. J. Cross
  • John Homer French (1916, Chicago);[vii] aliases: Jackie French, Homer T. French, Jack H. French, John Fitch, John Filmore[viii]
  • George W. Irwin (1916, Chicago)[vii]
  • Helen Evers, wife of George Irwin

Family[edit]

Marriage of Tell Taylor and Buda Godman, 1907

Parents[edit]

Godman was the daughter of Otho James Godman (1863–1910) and Julia Conklin (1866–1930) of Chicago.[a] Otho had been a well-known telegraph operator[ix] and, in 1903, the first to operate a wireless telegraph on August 28, 1903, from a ship on Lake Michigan — the ship being the SS Milwaukee.[x] Otho was also a horse race-sheet reporter, according to several sources.

Siblings[edit]

Godman had two older siblings: Hester Ann (1886-1923). She accompanied her sister Helen Julia (Buda) on the trip to Cuba and its return. The sisters were accompanied by Charles A. Stoneham. James Arthur (1887-1945). James followed his father in becoming a telegrapher.

Marriage[edit]

From 1907 to 1910, Godman had been married to Chicago music publisher and composer Tell Taylor. They married November 4, 1907, in Chicago. Godman had met Taylor about two years prior when Taylor had been a dinner guest at the St. Joseph's Convent and Academy in Adrian, Michigan, where Helen had been attending school. Taylor had just started his songwriting career and was appearing with a traveling stage company in Adrian. Godman and Taylor had become good friends before dinner was over but did not correspond afterward. Two years later, while attending the performance of "The Girl Question," by Howard, Adams, and Hough, at a theater (the La Salle Theater) in Chicago, Godman recognized Taylor and sent a note to him backstage, and they became reacquainted. After spending much of their time together lunching and dining during the following week, they met once again for dinner at a downtown Chicago hotel, and sent for a judge to marry them in the hotel's parlor.[xi]

In 1910, Tell filed for divorce from Buda in Chicago. In late September of that year, the divorce was granted. In the proceedings, Tell accused Buda of having "affinities" with other vaudevillians[1] and stated, "I married Buda when we both were drunk and I found out she was quite incapable of loyalty to anyone."[xii]

Death[edit]

Under the name Helen Daniels, widow of Charles Daniels, Godman died January 7, 1945, in Queens, New York. At the time of her death, she lived at 38-19 50th Street in Sunnyside, Queens. She was buried Sunday, January 7, 1945, at the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Sleepy Hollow, New York,[6] her grave-site marked by a simple and unassuming granite headstone.

Published Residences[edit]

  • September 25, 1920: 7437 Merrill Avenue, Chicago
Source: SS Morro Castle Manifest, departing Havana, Cuba September 25, 1920, arriving New York City September 30, 1920, Ellis Island Archives[8]
Charles A. Stoneham is listed on the same SS Morro Castle Manifest[8]
  • March 31, 1921: 7437 Merrill Avenue, Chicago
Source: SS Ulua Manifest, departing Havana, Cuba March 31, 1921, arriving New York City April 4, 1921, Ellis Island Archives[9]
Charles A. Stoneham is listed on the same SS Ulua Manifest
Hester Ann Gagen (1886–1923), Buda's sister, is also on the same SS Ulua Manifest[9]
  • November 11, 1932: West 54th Street, New York City
  • January 1945: 38-19 50th Street in Sunnyside, Queens[6]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Helen possibly took the name "Buda" from the slang word "bud," used in the late 1800s and early 1900s for a cute girl that had just entered puberty.
    (Cassell's Dictionary of Slang (2nd ed.), by Jonathon Green, London: Orion Publishing Group (2005) OCLC 769046857

Books, magazines, journals, dissertations, public records, and websites[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Music Publisher Divorced," Variety, Vol. 20, No. 4, October 1, 1910, p. 4
  2. ^ a b Chicago Confidential, by Jack Lait & Lee Mortimer, Dell Publishing (1950), pp. 26–30; OCLC 2475547
  3. ^ Sexual Blackmail: A Modern History, Angus McLaren, Harvard University Press (2002), p. 90; OCLC 49627757
  4. ^ a b Fighting the Underworld, by Philip S. Van Cise, Greenwood Press (1936; reprinted 1968); OCLC 16570171, 435739
  5. ^ Biography of a Business, 1792–1942: Insurance Company of North America, by Marquis James, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company (1943), p. 299; OCLC 1079378
  6. ^ a b c "New York, New York City Municipal Deaths, 1795–1949" (database), FamilySearch, March 20, 2015
    "Helen Daniels," DOD – January 7, 1945; citing Death, Queens, New York, New York City Municipal Archives; FHL microfilm (GS Film No.) 2194201, NYC Queens Reference No. 308 (registration/login may be required, but is free)
  7. ^ NYPD: Stories of Survival from the World's Toughest Beat, edited by Clint Willis, Thunder Mouth Press (2002), p. 94; OCLC 50164644
  8. ^ a b SS Morro Castle Manifest, departing Havana, Cuba September 25, 1920, arriving New York City September 30, 1920, Ellis Island Archives
  9. ^ a b SS Ulua Manifest, departing Havana, Cuba March 31, 1921, arriving New York City April 4, 1921, Ellis Island Archives

Newspapers[edit]

  1. ^ "Two Admit Blackmail – Buda Godman and Man Held in $10,000 Bail," New York Times, November 9, 1916
  2. ^ "Confession Claimed On Raising Bills," Atlanta Constitution, February 4, 1921, p. 12 (accessible via www.newspapers.com/image/26911801)
  3. ^ "The Perfect Disguise," by Irving Johnson, The American Weekly (weekly syndicated newspaper magazine), February 22, 1948, p. 12
  4. ^ "Girl Sentenced for Taking Gems," Plattsburgh Daily Republican (Plattsburgh, New York), Vol. 122, No. 267, November 11, 1932, p. 1
  5. ^ "Tabloid News From The Towns: Auburn," Syracuse Journal, November 18, 1932, p. 24, col. 3
  6. ^ " 'Dapper Don' Is Buried," New York Times, June 22, 1950
  7. ^ a b c d "The Notorious Buda Godman in Prison at Last," San Antonio Light, January 1, 1933
  8. ^ "Nab Swindlers Wanted Here in $180,000 Frauds: Two Sought by Dade Sheriff Landed in Big Colorado Cleanup," Miami Herald, Vol. 12, No. 275, August 27, 1922, pps. 1 & 7
  9. ^ Obituary: "Otho Godman," Pharos-Tribune (Logansport, Indiana), September 16, 1910, p. 2
  10. ^ "Sends Message From Midlake," Chicago Tribune, August 29, 1903, p. 8, col. 6
  11. ^ "Weds Actor She Met At Convent," Philadelphia Inquirer, November 10, 1907, p. 3
  12. ^ "Queen of the Badger Band," by Elgar Arthur Brown (1897–1958), The American Weekly (weekly syndicated newspaper magazine), September 1, 1946, pp. 16 & 17