Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport

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Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport

Budapest Liszt Ferenc
Nemzetközi Repülőtér
Budapest Airport logo.svg
2016-05-09 Flughafen BUD.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerBudapest Airport Ltd.[1]
OperatorBudapest Airport Ltd.[2]
ServesBudapest, Hungary
Location16 km (9.9 mi) south-east of center of Budapest
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL151 m / 495 ft
Coordinates47°26′22″N 019°15′43″E / 47.43944°N 19.26194°E / 47.43944; 19.26194Coordinates: 47°26′22″N 019°15′43″E / 47.43944°N 19.26194°E / 47.43944; 19.26194
Websitewww.bud.hu/en
Map
BUD is located in Hungary
BUD
BUD
Location within Hungary and Europe
BUD is located in Budapest
BUD
BUD
BUD (Budapest)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13L/31R 3,707 12,162 Asphalt concrete
13R/31L 3,010 9,875 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers16.173.489[3]
Passenger change 18-19Increase8.8%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[4]
AIP of Hungary[5]

Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport[6] (Hungarian: Budapest Liszt Ferenc Nemzetközi Repülőtér) (IATA: BUD, ICAO: LHBP), formerly known as Budapest Ferihegy International Airport and still commonly called just Ferihegy, is the international airport serving the Hungarian capital city of Budapest, and by far the largest of the country's four commercial airports. The airport is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) southeast of the center of Budapest (bordering Pest county) and was renamed in 2011 in honour of the most famous Hungarian composer Franz Liszt (Liszt Ferenc, in Hungarian) on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of his birth.[7]

It offers international connections primarily within Europe, but also to Africa, to the Middle East, to North America and to the Far East. In 2019, the airport handled 16.2 million passengers. The airport is the headquarters and primary hub for Wizz Air and base for Ryanair.[8] In 2012 it experienced a significant drop in aircraft movements and handled cargo, primarily due to the collapse of Malév Hungarian Airlines earlier in the year, hence losing a large portion of connecting passengers. It had been the hub for Malév until the airline's bankruptcy on 3 February 2012.[9][10]

In 2015 North-American and Middle-Eastern carriers announced direct flights to Budapest. Together with the continuously expanding network of low-cost carriers, the airport was not only able to survive but to grow in a way that was unprecedented in the region. In 2018 LOT Polish Airlines made Budapest their first hub outside Poland, with flights to New York–JFK, Chicago–O'Hare, Kraków and London City Airport. Nowadays, the Budapest hub of Wizz Air is the largest of all with more than 60 destinations.

Name[edit]

Originally called Budapest Ferihegy International Airport (Budapest Ferihegy Nemzetközi Repülőtér), on 25 March 2011 it was officially renamed Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport, in honor of the Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt (Modern Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc.) Popularly, the airport is still called Ferihegy as before.

Ferihegy is the name of the neighborhood around the airport. The name is derived from that of Ferenc Xavér Mayerffy (1776–1845), the former owner of an estate who established vineyards and contributed to the development of viticulture in Pest-Buda. "Feri" is a diminutive form of Ferenc while "hegy" means hill. In fact, the area is almost totally flat; but originally there was a 147 m high sandy hillock which was leveled in the 1940s during the construction work of the airport.[7]

History[edit]

Designing and construction (1939–1944)[edit]

In 1938 the idea of building a new airport in Budapest was born. The area in the boundary of three settlements (Pestszentlőrinc, Rákoshegy and Vecsés) was assigned as the area of the new airport. The airport was intended as jointly for civil-military-sporting purposes. Civil facilities were to be built up in the north-western and military ones in the south-western section. Just as for each building, a public tender was invited for the designing and construction of the traffic building. [7]

In December 1939, upon an announcement of the results of the tender invited in September that year, the designs of Károly Dávid Jr. (1903–1973) were chosen. The designer, who was one of the originators of modern Hungarian architectural art, dreamt of a building which resembled an aircraft from the top-side view. The work commenced in 1942. To approach the airport from the city, a 16-kilometre (10 mi) high-speed road was constructed between 1940 and 1943, which, after improvements, remains in use today.[7]

The military buildings were constructed parallel to the civil construction from 1940 but, due to the war situation, faster. Aviation started at the airport in 1943. In wartime, the civil construction slowed down and then stopped at the beginning of 1944. Towards the end of World War II, many of the airport buildings were damaged. By the end 1944, Budapest and its airport were under Soviet occupation. [7]

Reconstruction (1947–1950)[edit]

In 1947 it was decided that the airport would be reconstructed for civil aviation. Under the three-year plan, 40 million forints were voted for those works. The opening ceremony was held in May 1950 and the sections finished allowed Magyar-Szovjet Polgári Légiforgalmi Rt. (Hungarian-Soviet Civil Aviation Co. Ltd. – MASZOVLET), established in 1946, to operate here. At that time the airlines operated only a few foreign flights, in particular those to Prague, Bucharest, Warsaw and Sofia.[7]

Magyar Légiforgalmi Vállalat (Hungarian Airlines – Malév) was established on 25 November 1954. The first regular flight taking off from the airport to the West was the Malév's flight into Vienna in summer 1956. The first Western airline which launched a flight to Budapest was KLM Royal Dutch Airlines in 1957. The traffic building was finished in this period and the lengthening works of the 2,500-metre (8,202 ft) runway were started. At the end of 1958 the runway was lengthened to 3,010 metres (9,875 ft) and taxiway D was finished.[7]

Continued growth (1960–1980)[edit]

Budapest Airport in 1961
Budapest Airport in 1966

Between its opening and 1960, the number of landings at the Airport increased from 4,786 to 17,133, with passenger traffic increasing from 49,955 to 359,338 by 1960.[7]

In 1965, a study was made on the development of the airport, which was implemented with more than a 10-year delay from the end of the 1970s. Aviation, airport, and flight control all called for more capacity and infrastructure. The Aviation and Airport Directorate (LRI) was established on 1 January 1973 and performed as an airline company, a trading company, and an authority, as well as investment, operator, and air navigation tasks.

In 1974, passenger traffic reached one million. In 1977, a new control tower was built, as well as a second runway parallel to the old one and a technical base for maintaining MALÉV aircraft. Use of the new 3,707-metre (12,162 ft) runway was started in September 1983.[7]

New infrastructure (1980–2000)[edit]

A Boeing 767-200ER of former flag carrier Malév Hungarian Airlines at the airport in 2008

In 1980, the number of landing aircraft and passengers served reached 32,642 and 1,780,000, respectively. The growing number of passengers called for more capacity. A new terminal was decided upon. The foundation-stone of the new passenger traffic building to be built was laid down on 16 November 1983.[citation needed] Since 1 November 1985, passengers have been received in Terminal 2, a 24,000-square-meter facility funded with Austrian loans under general contracting. It was used first by Malév aircraft and passengers, and then by those of Lufthansa, Air France, and Swissair. The old terminal continued to receive residual airline traffic under a new name, Terminal 1.[citation needed]

There was an IED bus attack against Russian Jewish emigrants on the road leading to Ferihegy in the early 1990s. The perpetrators were members of the German Communist organisation Red Army Faction.[11]

In 1993, Malév launched the airport's first Hungarian overseas flight, to New York. According to the traffic figures forecast for the millennium, the two terminals serving 4 million passengers a year promised to be insufficient.[citation needed] The construction of Terminal 2B was started in 1997. The new building, with more than 30,000 square meters of space, together with a new apron, was opened in 1998, with all foreign airlines moving there. Terminal 2B can receive 3.5 million passengers a year, with its seven gates and five remote stands.[citation needed]

Public to public-private ownership (2000–2012)[edit]

Terminal 2 in 2008, prior to the construction of the Sky Court

On 8 December 2005, a 75% stake in Ferihegy Airport was bought by BAA plc for 464.5 billion HUF (approx. US$2.1 billion), including the right of operation for 75 years.[citation needed] On 20 October 2006, BAA announced intentions to sell its stake in Budapest Airport to a consortium led by the German airport group, HOCHTIEF AirPort GmbH, subject to the consent of the Hungarian State.[citation needed]

On 18 April 2007, the renovation of Terminal 1 at Ferihegy was awarded Europe's most prestigious heritage preservation prize, the Europa Nostra award.[citation needed] The designers, contractors, builders and investors (the latter being BA) received the joint award of the European Commission and of the pan-European heritage preservation organisation Europa Nostra for the renovation of the protected monument spaces, the central hall, the gallery and the furniture at T1.

On 6 June 2007, BAA and a consortium led by HOCHTIEF AirPort (HTA) formally closed and completed the transaction of the sale of BAA's shares in Budapest Airport (BA) to the HOCHTIEF AirPort Consortium. The ownership of the HOCHTIEF AirPort Consortium was as follows: HOCHTIEF AirPort (49.666%) and three financial investors: Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, Montreal (23.167%), GIC Special Investments, Singapore (23.167%) and KfW IPEX-Bank, Frankfurt (4.0%).[12]

On 26 July 2010, after completing a security oversight investigation in May,[13] the EU authorities revoked Budapest Airport's official "Schengen Clear" certification, due to serious lapses observed in personal security check procedures and unauthorised passing of banned objects. This meant passenger connecting via another airport in the Schengen Zone would have to be rescreened through security, just as foreign non-Schengen connecting passengers, causing delays and inconvenience. The airport argued that it had not yet had time to fully implement new security measures introduced on 29 April 2010, and inspired by the Delta Air Lines' Amsterdam "underwear bomb scare" incident. The airport's layout was also cited as an excuse for the failure. Budapest Airport was the first airport to be checked through a stringent undercover evaluation for compliance with the new regulation. (Hungarian state news agency MTI reports: [1][permanent dead link]) In response, additional security measures were immediately implemented at Budapest Airport causing flight delays at both terminals. Unusually long passenger waiting queues were observed at the busier 2A-B terminal complex's departures area. These problems were solved over time, especially through the opening of the SkyCourt terminal including a central security zone.[citation needed]

On 15 November 2010, Budapest Airport regained the "Schengen Clear"-status, after implementing the necessary security actions and after that, the airport underwent the strict re-inspection.[14]

On 16 March 2011, the name of Budapest Ferihegy International Airport was changed to Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport.[2]

Sky Court, the new expansion project including shops, restaurants and lounges, also connecting Terminals 2A and 2B was opened on 27 March 2011. In summer that year, the refurbishing of the old terminal parts in T2 began and was completed in 2012.[15]

Collapse of Malév and aftermath (2012–)[edit]

In the wake of the collapse of Malév, Ryanair announced that it would expand its flights to Liszt airport. Ryanair began selling the flight tickets to the public, but Budapest airport said that the company had not secured all of the necessary slots (which was later negotiated successfully).[16] By 9 February 2012, only six days after the collapse of the Hungarian national carrier, Liszt Ferenc Airport had recovered over 60% of its point to point traffic. Airlines that announced that new services would begin included Wizz Air, Aegean Airlines, Air Berlin, Lufthansa, and Ryanair.

However, the airport had lost Malév's transfer passengers, which, prior to the airline's collapse, had amounted to 1.5 million passengers per year. A second effect of the Malév collapse was that the areas used to service the Malév fleet would no longer generate revenue even once point to point traffic had been restored. These factors created significant financial shortfalls in the airport's revenues.[17]

In February 2012, Hainan Airlines announced that they would cease services to Beijing from Budapest.[18] Prior to the collapse of Malév, Hainan had a partnership with Malév,[19] which included a codeshare.[20]

In May 2013, Hochtief Group announced the sale of its Airports unit HOCHTIEF AirPort which held a stake in the Budapest Airport and other airports to the Canadian Pension fund Public Sector Pension Investment Board (PSP Investments).[21] Following the sale HOCHTIEF AirPort was renamed AviAlliance.[22]

From June 2015, transatlantic flights were restored with two carriers flying to Toronto and Montreal.

As of July 2015, the ownership of the Budapest Airport is as follows: AviAlliance (52.666%) owned by PSP Investments, Canada, Malton Investment (22.167%) owned by GIC Special Investments, Singapore, Caisse de depôt et placement de Québec, Canada (20.167%) and KfW IPEX-Bank, Germany (5%).[23]

Latest developments[edit]

Sky Court, the connection building between Terminals 2A and 2B which now houses the main departures waiting hall and shopping area

An expenditure of 261 million euros was spent in order to expanding and modernising the airports infrastructure until December 2012. Several of these future projects involve about further 300 million euros, and depends on regulatory decisions as well as third-party investors.[24] Since 2011, several projects have been completed, including the refurbishment of Terminals 2A and 2B including the inauguration of the Skycourt main departures hall in 2012 and an extension of Terminal 2B in 2018,[25] the construction of a new business and cargo area called Budapest Airport Business Park[26][27] as well as a new airport hotel[28] and expanded car parking facilities.

In 2014 Emirates opened daily flights to Dubai, UAE using the Boeing 777-300ER aircraft. It was followed by Air China's flights to Beijing Capital and an Air Transat connection to Toronto Pearson, both using the Airbus A330. As a response to that Air Canada started their operation to Budapest by Air Canada Rouge operated by the Boeing 767-300. By 2017 Air Canada Rouge has taken over the market completely. In July 2017, LOT Polish Airlines announced the commencement of direct flights to Chicago and New York, making them the first flights to the United States since Delta and American Airlines stopped flying to Budapest in 2011.[29] New York is served four times, Chicago twice a week with LOT's flagship Boeing 787 Dreamliner. In the same year the airline added connections to Kraków and London–City. Right after LOT, American Airlines announced their seasonal new flight to Philadelphia Airport which is operated by their Boeing 767 aircraft. In 2020 the airline opens their new route to Chicago with Boeing 787 Dreamliner. In 2019 Shanghai Airlines launched a four-time weekly service to Shanghai–Pudong also with Boeing 787 Dreamliner. In 2019 LOT Polish Airlines announced a massive expansion program with new flights to Belgrade, Brussels, Bucharest, Prague, Seoul–Incheon, Stuttgart and Sofia. The flights will be operated by the airline's Boeing 787 Dreamliner and the Embraer E-Jet family.

Future[edit]

There are further projects for the expansion of the airport, including a new cargo facilities area as well as a new Terminal 3,[30] formerly called Terminal 2C which is planned to be finished next to Terminal 2A by 2021.

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 2A
Terminal 2B check-in area
Waiting area Sky Court

The airport's passenger buildings consist of four main areas:

  • Terminal 1 is only used for charter and private flights
  • Terminal 2A is used for flights inside the Schengen Area
  • Terminal 2B is used for flights outside the Schengen Area
  • Sky Court, a large central waiting and shopping area, also the connection of Terminals 2A and 2B

Terminal 1 (closed)[edit]

From 1 September 2005, re-opened Terminal 1 served low-cost carriers. Terminal 1 is divided into Schengen and Non-Schengen boarding gates.[31]

Being located within the premises of Budapest, it offers faster public transport time to the city center, compared to the Terminal 2 about 7 kilometres farther. (Terminal 1 offers an about 20 minutes direct train journey to Budapest city center, while Terminal 2 requires an 8-minute bus ride to the train station).[32]

On 14 March 2012, Budapest Airport announced that due to the traffic levels being too low in Terminal 1, extra capacity in Terminal 2, and cost saving, Terminal 1 will be closed temporarily. On 30 May 2012 all airlines were moved to Terminal 2, the low-cost airlines using now the check-in desks at hall 2B and gates at a makeshift shed outside the main building.

Sky Court between Terminal 2A and 2B[edit]

Sky Court is a state-of-the-art building between terminals 2A and 2B with 5 levels. Passenger safety checks were moved here along with new baggage classifiers and business class lounges, such as the first MasterCard lounge in Europe.[33] New shops, restaurants and cafés were placed in the new building's transit hall. With the opening of Skycourt the Terminal 2 has become capable of receiving about 11 million passengers a year, instead of the former joint capacity of about 7 million.[citation needed]

Terminal 2A[edit]

The Schengen terminal, and formerly the "only" Terminal 2. It was inaugurated on 1 November 1985 for the exclusive use of the homeland carrier Malév Hungarian Airlines, and later renamed in 1998 to Terminal 2A. Its check-in hall serves all Skyteam and Star Alliance member airlines currently. Within its boarding area (Gates A1-A19) and arrivals level, it serves all flights to and from the Schengen-zone destinations of any airline.

Terminal 2B[edit]

The non-Schengen terminal, it is referred to as a separate object, opened in December 1998. Its check-in hall serves all flights of the OneWorld-alliance (intra- and extra-Schengen as well), as well as many other non-aligned airlines. For flights of the Hungarian low-cost airliner Wizz Air check-in desks can also be found at this terminal. However, its boarding (Gates B1-B19) and arriving area serve exclusively non-Schengen destinations.

Pier 2B[edit]

The project "Pier B" was started on 9 January 2017. The new state-of-the-art building was opened on 1 August 2018, and it is connected directly to Terminal 2B. It is 220 meters long and it includes 27 boarding gates and 10 jetbridges, which can serve more wide-body aircraft at the same time. The pier was planned to offer flexibility for traditional and low-cost airlines with boarding options via jetbridges, buses or walking directly to the aircraft.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Budapest Ferenc Liszt Airport:[34]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algerie Algiers
airBaltic Riga
Air Cairo Hurghada
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Air China1 Beijing–Capital
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare (begins 7 May 2020),[35] Philadelphia[36]
Arkia Tel Aviv
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Minsk
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Czech Airlines Prague
easyJet Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Manchester, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: London–Southend
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv[37]
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Chongqing[38]
Iberia Madrid
Jet2.com Birmingham, Edinburgh (ends 30 April 2020), Leeds/Bradford, Manchester
Seasonal: East Midlands
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon (begins 23 May 2020)[39]
Lauda Stuttgart[40]
LOT Polish Airlines Belgrade (begins 27 May 2020),[41] Brussels (begins 30 March 2020),[42] Bucharest (begins 30 March 2020),[42] Kraków, London–City, New York–JFK, Prague (begins 27 May 2020),[41] Seoul–Incheon, Sofia (begins 30 March 2020),[41] Stuttgart (begins 30 March 2020),[41] Warsaw–Chopin[43]
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Varna (both begin 7 June 2020)[44]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal charter: Antalya[45]
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Amman–Queen Alia, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Billund, Bordeaux, Bristol, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Cork, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria (ends 24 March 2020), Kharkiv (begins 1 April 2020), Lappeenranta, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Lviv (begins 1 April 2020), Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marseille, Naples, Nuremberg (ends 27 March 2020), Odessa, Palermo, Paphos, Pisa, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Rome–Ciampino, Santander (ends 27 March 2020), Seville, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Treviso, Valencia
Seasonal: Chania (begins 3 June 2020)[46], Corfu, Eilat, Palma de Mallorca, Mykonos (begins 4 July 2020)[47], Preveza, Rimini, Tampere, Zadar (begins 2 July 2020)[48]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Oslo–Gardermoen,[49] Stockholm–Arlanda
Shanghai Airlines Chengdu,[50] Shanghai–Pudong,[51] Xi'an[52]
Smartwings Hungary Seasonal charter: Antalya, Barcelona, Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Hurghada, Heraklion, Karpathos, Kefalonia, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sharm El Sheikh, Tirana, Zakynthos[53][54]
Sunday Airlines Seasonal charter: Sanya
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya,[55] İzmir (begins 31 May 2020)[56]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia France Nantes,[57] Paris–Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal: Antalya
Tunisair Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir[58]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[59]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Ural Airlines Moscow–Zhukovsky[60]
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air Alicante, Athens, Baku, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux (ends 28 March 2020), Brussels (begins 1 June 2020),[61] Castellón,[62] Catania, Charleroi, Doncaster/Sheffield (ends 28 March 2020), Dortmund, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Frankfurt (ends 30 April 2020),[63] Glasgow, Gothenburg, Hannover, Kazan,[64] Kharkiv (begins 30 March 2020),[65] Kutaisi, Kyiv–Zhuliany, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lviv (begins 29 March 2020),[65] Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Vnukovo, Naples, Nice, Nur-Sultan, Odessa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Orly (begins 29 March 2020),[66] Podgorica, Porto, Pristina, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, Sarajevo, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Târgu Mureș, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Warsaw–Chopin, Zaporizhia (begins 5 April 2020)
Seasonal: Alghero, Burgas, Corfu, Eilat,[67] Heraklion, Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santander (begins 2 June 2020),[68] Zakynthos

Notes: ^1 : Air China's flight from Beijing to Budapest stops in Minsk, but the flight from Budapest to Beijing is nonstop. Air China does not have local traffic rights for the Minsk – Budapest sector.[69]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargoMoscow-Sheremetyevo[70]
Airest Timișoara[71]
ASL Airlines Belgium Amsterdam, Liège, Munich, Nuremberg, Vienna
Cargolux Almaty, Baku, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Taipei-Taoyuan
DHL Aviation Bergamo, Brussels, Bucharest, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig/Halle
Farnair Hungary Basel/Mulhouse, Cologne/Bonn
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Vienna
Korean Air Cargo Frankfurt,[72] Seoul-Incheon[72]
RAF-Avia Timișoara[73]
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha,[74] Prague[74]
Solinair Vienna
SprintAir Cluj-Napoca[75]
Swiftair Nuremberg
Turkish Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Kiev–Boryspil
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Prague

Statistics[edit]

Traffic figures[edit]

Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 8,049,091 Increase 24.9% 126,359 Increase 13.1% 55,519 Increase 08.2%
2006 8,248,650 Increase 02.4% 126,947 Increase 00.5% 65,151 Increase 17.3%
2007 8,584,071 Increase 04.0% 124,298 Decrease 02.1% 68,144 Increase 04.6%
2008 8,443,053 Decrease 01.6% 117,876 Decrease 05.2% 73,155 Increase 07.3%
2009 8,084,312 Decrease 04.1% 109,811 Decrease 06.8% 54,355 Decrease 013.3%
2010 8,179,406 Increase 01.2% 105 507 Decrease 03.9% 65,515 Increase 020.5%
2011 8,911,273 Increase 09.0% 109,949 Increase 04.2% 106,595 Increase 029.0%
2012 8,493,569 Decrease 04.7% 87,560 Decrease 020.4% 93,125 Decrease 012.6%
2013 8,510,896 Increase 00.2% 83,830 Decrease 04.3% 92,112 Decrease 01.1%
2014 9,146,723 Increase 07.5% 86,682 Increase 03.4% 89,987 Decrease 02.3%
2015 10,289,180 Increase 012.5% 92,294 Increase 06.5% 91,421 Increase 01.6%
2016 11,441,999 Increase 011.1% 96,141 Increase 04.3% 112,142 Increase 022,7%
2017 13,097,239 Increase 014.5% 102,747 Increase 06.4% 127,145 Increase 011,8%
2018 14,867,491 Increase 013.5% 115,028 Increase 012.0% 146,113 Increase 015,2%
2019 16,173,489 Increase 08,8% 122,814 Increase 06.7% 135,521 Decrease 07,2%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[76] 2006,[77] 2007,[78] 2008,[79] 2009,[80] 2010,[81] 2011,[82] 2012,[83] 2013,[84] 2014,[85] 2015,[86] 2016,[87] 2017[88] and 2018[89])
Budapest Airport Passenger Totals 2005–2019 (millions)
Updated: 11 January 2020

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest routes (2018)
Rank Airport Passengers handled % Change
2017/18
Rank Airport Passengers handled %Change
2017/18
Europe 16 Finland Helsinki 246,616 Increase 8
1 Germany Frankfurt 661,820 Increase 47 17 Denmark Copenhagen 241,153 Increase 2
2 United Kingdom London-Luton 564,603 Decrease 2 18 Italy Milan-Malpensa 240,803 Increase 8
3 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 462,651 Decrease 2 19 Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo 240,499 Increase 22
4 Netherlands Amsterdam 452,509 Increase 2 20 Republic of Ireland Dublin 238,254 Increase 1
5 United Kingdom London-Stansted 427,507 Increase 9 21 Switzerland Zürich 234,034 Increase 4
6 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 363,483 Increase 9 22 Belgium Brussels-National 205,501 Increase 1
7 Belgium Brussels-Charleroi 361,246 Increase 3 23 Czech Republic Prague 200,864 Increase 83
8 Spain Barcelona 345,210 Increase 32 24 Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 180,060 Increase 88
9 Germany Berlin-Schönefeld 344,042 Increase 45 25 Greece Athens 175,781 Increase 14
10 Germany Munich 337,577 Decrease 2 26 United Kingdom London-Gatwick 174,312 Decrease 19
11 Spain Madrid 281,704 Increase 22 27 Italy Milan-Bergamo 167,626 Increase 23
12 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk 277,848 Increase 13 Outside Europe
13 Italy Rome-Fiumicino 273,830 Increase 13 1 Israel Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 430,502 Increase 19
14 Netherlands Eindhoven 268,155 Increase 2 2 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 220,589 Steady
15 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 262,000 Increase 10 3 Qatar Doha 167,532 Increase 29
Busiest routes (2017)
Rank Airport Passengers handled % Change
2016/17
1 United Kingdom London-Luton 574,074 Steady
2 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 471,911 Increase 10
3 Germany Frankfurt 449,214 Increase 7
4 Netherlands Amsterdam 443,957 Increase 12
5 United Kingdom London-Stansted 390,608 Increase 6
6 Israel Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 363,235 Increase 21
7 Belgium Brussels-Charleroi 350,152 Increase 12
8 Germany Munich 343,275 Increase 4
9 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 333,780 Increase 1
10 Netherlands Eindhoven 262,914 Increase 6
11 Spain Barcelona 262,497 Increase 8
12 Turkey Istanbul-Atatürk 246,337 Increase 5
13 Italy Rome-Fiumicino 243,231 Decrease 10
14 Poland Warsaw-Chopin 238,238 Increase 12
15 Germany Berlin-Schönefeld 237,772 Increase 74
16 Denmark Copenhagen 237,313 Increase 5
17 Republic of Ireland Dublin 235,418 Increase 2
18 Spain Madrid 230,734 Increase 2
19 Finland Helsinki 227,907 Increase 8
20 Switzerland Zurich 224,605 Increase 19
21 Italy Milan-Malpensa 223,112 Increase 5
22 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 221,132 Increase 21
23 United Kingdom London-Gatwick 213,920 Decrease 6
24 Belgium Brussels-National 203,636 Increase 13
25 Russia Moscow-Sheremetyevo 197,455 Increase 18
26 Germany Berlin-Tegel 181,310 Decrease 6
27 Norway Oslo 166,229 Decrease 9
28 United Kingdom Manchester 152,710 Increase 11
29 Italy Rome-Ciampino 141,525 Increase 15
30 Germany Düsseldorf 136,259 Increase 13
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2019 - proposed)
Airlines
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport, London City Airport, London Heathrow Airport, London Luton Airport, London Stansted Airport, London Southend Airport 117 British Airways, easyJet, LOT Polish Airlines, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 52 Lufthansa, Wizz Air
Belgium Brussels Brussels Airport, Brussels-South Charleroi Airport 51 Brussels Airlines, LOT Polish Airlines, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Poland Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport 42 LOT Polish Airlines, Wizz Air
France Paris Beauvais-Tillé Airport, Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris Orly Airport 41 Air France, easyJet, Ryanair, Transavia France
Russia Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport, Vnukovo Airport 39 Aeroflot, Wizz Air
Germany Munich Munich Airport 32 Lufthansa
Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Airport 31 KLM, easyJet
Turkey Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport, Istanbul Airport 28 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
Israel Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport 28 Arkia, Blue Dart Aviation, El Al, Wizz Air
Italy Rome Rome Ciampino Airport, Rome Fiumicino Airport 27 Alitalia, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Czech Republic Prague Prague Airport 26 Czech Airlines, Ryanair
Italy Milan Malpensa Airport, Orio al Serio International Airport 25 Ryanair, Wizz Air
Romania Bucharest Henri Coanda International Airport 25 LOT Polish Airlines, TAROM
Germany Berlin Berlin Schönefeld Airport, Berlin Tegel Airport 24 easyjet, Ryanair, Wizz Air
Spain Madrid Madrid Airport 23 Iberia, Ryanair, Wizz Air

Other facilities[edit]

  • Wizz Air has its head office in Building 221.[90] Wizz Air signed the lease agreement in October 2010 and moved there in June 2011 with 150 employees. The airline occupies over 2,000 square metres (22,000 sq ft) of space in an office building refurbished after the airline's arrival. The facility, with open plan offices, houses about 150 employees.[91] In addition, Farnair Hungary has its head office on the airport property.[92]
  • Malév Hungarian Airlines signed a lease agreement with the airport in the spring of 2011, agreeing to relocate its headquarters to the airport grounds by the summer of 2012.[91][93] Due to the collapse of the airline, in February 2012 the plans to move to Ferenc Liszt were cancelled.

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transport[edit]

Bus line 100E (bus service to and from the airport and the city center)

Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (BKK), the public transit authority for Budapest, operates two major express bus services to the airport: 100E and 200E. Route 100E—modeled after the OrlyBus and RoissyBus airport bus services in Paris—provides nonstop service to the city center, stopping only at Kálvin tér and Deák Ferenc tér. Normal tickets and passes cannot be used on this route; a higher-fare ticket must be bought on board.

Bus route 200E provides service from the airport to Kőbánya-Kispest station, the nearest station of the Budapest Metro. Normal tickets and passes are valid on this route.

Taxi[edit]

Another way to get to the city center from the airport is to catch a taxi. Cabs are available all day long in front of the terminal buildings.

Budapest Airport's official Taxi partner is Főtaxi which has a taxi order stand at both arrival site's exit (outside the building).[94]

Bus 200E (bus service from the airport to the nearest subway station, Köbánya-Kispest)

Rail and Bus[edit]

Hungarian State Railways runs suburban and long-distance services between (the now closed) Terminal 1 and Nyugati Railway Station in Budapest city center through Kőbánya-Kispest. The trip takes approximately 25 minutes. From Terminal 2 passengers need to take bus 200E to Ferihegy vasútállomás (Ferihegy railway station). Since July 2017 the 100E shuttle bus service operates between Terminal 2 and Deák Ferenc tér in the city centre for a special fare.[95]

Flixbus operates bus lines from the airport to numerous European cities including Prague, Timisoara, Sibiu and Vienna.

Mini buses and shuttles[edit]

Several companies operate airport shuttles taking passengers to any destination in the city. Other shuttles and coach services exist to outlying towns in Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport at Wikimedia Commons