From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jama Masjid Shamsi Budaun
Budaun is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
Settled905AD (Modern City), 220BC (Ancient City)
Named forPrince Budh
 • BodyBudaun Municipal Council
 • ChairmanDeepmala Goyal
 • MPSanghmitra Maurya
 • MLAMahesh Chandra Gupta
 • Total81 km2 (31 sq mi)
164 m (538 ft)
 • Total159,221
 • Rank17
 • Density5,489/km2 (14,220/sq mi)
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code05832
ISO 3166 codeIN-UP-BD
Vehicle registrationUP-24
Coastline0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio907 female/1000 male
Civic agencyBudaun Development Authority
Governing bodyGovernment of UP
Government of India
ClimateHS-TH (Köppen)
Precipitation843 millimetres (33.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature27.5 °C (81.5 °F)
Avg. summer temperature39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature11.5 °C (52.7 °F)
Also known as 'City of Saints' or 'Madinat ul Awliya', famous for its Pedas, 'Mentha City' of India.

Budaun is commonly pronounced Badayun is a city and a seat of Budaun district,[2] Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located near the Ganges river[3] in the centre of Western Uttar Pradesh. Budaun was the capital of Delhi Sultanate for four years from 1210 CE to 1214 CE during Sultan Iltutmish rule. It was the most important post of Northern Frontier during Mughal reign. Budaun is a big market, historically famous and religiously important city. It is the heart of Rohilkhand.[4][5] Budaun is 229 km from New Delhi and it takes about 5 to 7 hours to reach the city depending on mode of transport i.e. car or roadways bus service.[6] The town is near the left bank of the river Sot.[7]

Etymology and archaeology[edit]

Prof. Goti John referred this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription based on stone scripts at the Lucknow Museum. Later this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. The Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that at Ashoka The Great built a Buddh Vihar and Quila; he named it BuddhMau (Budaun Fort). According to George Smith, Budaun was named after the Ahir prince Budh.[8][9]

Recent Archaeology- Though it is an ancient as well as archaeological-rich city yet it do not get much more importance in terms of archaeology. Recently, in a village in Budaun known as Kheda Jalalpur village.

Fragments of Hindu temple idols, ancient bricks have been recovered from the mound of that village. According to the ASI, these remains belong to the post-Gupta period (7th-8th century), which is related to the time of about 1300-1400 years before today.


According to the (Budaun District, Govt. Of Uttar Pradesh) stories, Budaun was named after Ahir prince Budh.[10] The local tradition regarding this city is that it was founded in 905 A.D. by an Ahir prince whose name was Budh. and after whom it was called Budaun.[11] and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathore kings reigning at Budaun then called Vodamāyuta.[7] Kanauj was conquered after 1085 by Mahmūd, the son of the Ghaznavid Sultān, driving out the Rāshtrakūta chief. This the Rāshtrakūta chief then move their capital to Vodamāyuta, where they ruled until conquered by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.[12]

Mission House of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Budaun (1895)

The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In 1223, a mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, was built. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur-Bilari. Budaun and its district was ceded to the British government in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh.[7]

In 1911, Budaun was a town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. At the time, an American Methodist mission maintained several girls schools and there was a high school for boys.[7]


Sanghmitra Maurya is the MP of the Budaun Constituency and is the daughter of Swami Prasad Maurya. Budaun has large population of Ahirs which according to British historian Matthew Atmore Sherring came from Hansi and Hisar which is in Haryana.[13][14]


Religions in Budaun City (2011)[15]
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions

As of 2011 census, Budaun City had a population of 159,221 (83,475 male 75,746 female = 1000/907), 39,613 (12.3%) of whom were aged 0–6. The adult literacy rate was 73.%. The widely spoken language in the city is Hindi and Awadhi. The sex ratio of Budaun city is 907 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 882 per 1000 boys. The area of the city is 81 square km. Budaun Metro Area have a population of around 417000[citation needed] and an area of 103 km2 (40 sq mi) With Badaun City, it includes Shekhupur, Bahedi, Islamganj, Chandanpur, Salarpur, Salarpur Industrial Estate, Shekhupur Firing Range, Padauna and Khera Buzurg.%.[1][16]


Budaun is considered to be of immense religious significance among both Hindus and Muslims. At the first glance, with its dusty avenues and sleepy streets, it seems nothing more than a secluded small town. But there are numerous ruins and monuments that reveal many legends from its past. Casting a nostalgic charm, Budaun transports visitors to an era of mighty rulers and mystic Sufi saints like Nizamuddin Auliya - a Sufi saint. Adding to its allure is an aura of spirituality throughout the town.[17] Budaun is home to a number of ruins that can be traced back to the Mughal era. The Budaun Fort and the iconic clock tower Ghanta Ghar, are among the prominent attractions, as are the tombs of rulers such as Iltumish and Ala Ud Din Alam Shah, who was the last ruler of the Sayyid dynasty. The 13th century Jama Masjid, which was built by Iltumish and the Qadri Dargah are among the popular shrines in Budaun. Budaun also hosts the ancient Gauri Shankar Temple dedicated to Hindu God Shiva, it is India's first Rasling[18] a Shivling made by amalgamation of liquid Mercury and.Gold.


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Budaun District : Census 2011 data". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Nic Budaun Welcomes You". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Yadavs' growing clout resents by both upper castes and other backward castes".
  5. ^ "Maya seeks Muslim, Yadav votes - Times of India". articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Distance between New Delhi and Badaun, New Delhi to Badaun Distance".
  7. ^ a b c d Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budaun" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 737.
  8. ^ George Smith (1882). The student's geography of India: the geography of British India : political and physical. John Murray. pp. 223–. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  9. ^ "अहीर राजा बुद्ध की नगरी में दूध के लिए मारामारी".
  10. ^ District Budaun Government of Uttar Pradesh https://budaun.nic.in/hi/%e0%a4%9c%e0%a4%bf%e0%a4%b2%e0%a5%87-%e0%a4%95%e0%a5%87-%e0%a4%ae%e0%a4%be%e0%a4%a8%e0%a4%9a%e0%a4%bf%e0%a4%a4%e0%a5%8d%e0%a4%b0/
  11. ^ Museum, Indian; Anderson, John (1883). Catalogue and Hand-book of the Archaeological Collections in the Indian Museum. order of the trustees.
  12. ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1977). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 315. ISBN 9788120804364. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  13. ^ Sherring, Matthew Atmore (1872). Hindu Tribes and Castes. Thacker, Spink & Company. p. 237. Ahirs.
  14. ^ Hindu Tribes and Castes, Volume 1 page 334
  15. ^ "Budaun City Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  16. ^ "Untitled Page".
  17. ^ "Budaun Tourism, Budaun Travel Guide - Cleartrip".
  18. ^ "गौरीशंकर मंदिर में है देश का इकलौता रसलिंग". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 23 September 2022.