|Headquarters||15, in various countries, |
The Buddha-Bar is a bar, restaurant, and hotel franchise created by French-Romanian restaurateur Raymond Vișan and DJ and interior designer Claude Challe, with its original location having opened in Paris, France in 1996. The Buddha Bar "soon became a reference among foreign yuppies and wealthy tourists visiting the city", and "has spawned numerous imitators", becoming popular in part because of the DJ's choice of eclectic, avant-garde music. It became known internationally for issuing the Buddha Bar compilation albums, which are popular compilations of lounge, chill-out music and world music, also under the Buddha Bar brand, released by George V Records. Buddha Bar "has made a name for itself with its Zen lounge music CDs and remains a hit – especially with tourists". Locations have since been opened in a number of other countries, although not without controversy arising from the theme.
The original restaurant is a Buddha-themed "upscale bar-restaurant with an orientalist 'lounge' ambience" serving Asian cuisine, with a two-story dining area dominated by a large statue of Buddha, and an upstairs bar in the form of a large, ornate dragon. The theme was inspired by the discovery of the space to be used, an antique basement archive with a mezzanine, "which suggested to the architects the idea of an oriental temple and its Buddha".
Buddha Bar venues have been opened in various other locations, including Marrakesh, Belgrade, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, London, Manila, Mauritius, Baku, Tbilisi, Kyiv, Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Caracas, Mexico City, Monte Carlo, Prague, Mykonos and Santorini. Several locations have since closed. In June 2012, a Washington, D.C. location closed after two years of operations, having "struggled after a poor critical reception"; while a New York City location was forced to change its name.
Buddha Bar compilation albums have been issued since 1999. In 2001, a Billboard Magazine critic placed the compilation in his "top ten" musical events of the year, noting the relationship between the restaurant franchise and the music produced by it with the assertion that "Buddha Bar is not only a good restaurant in France but also one of the best music experiments to come out of France in the past few years". Buddha Bar has also released some original music for its albums, specifically the songs "Buddha Bar Nature" and "Buddha-Bar Ocean", composed and produced by Arno Elias, the composer of "Amor Amor" from Buddha Bar 2, and Amanaska. This release included a DVD of nature and ocean footage directed by Allain Bougrain-Dubourg.
Controversy with Buddhists
The use of the Buddha as a popular icon has been noted to be offensive to some conservative Buddhists. In 2010, Buddhists in Jakarta protested the operating of a Buddha Bar in that city, asserting that "the use of their religious symbols in a venue serving alcohol was an affront to their religion". The Jakarta location was co-owned by the daughter of Indonesian politician and former governor of the region Sutiyoso, and was closed by court order later that year. It has been noted that record stores in Dubai "black out the image of the Buddha" on Buddha Bar CDs to avoid idolatry, but that the owners of the Buddha Bar restaurant in Dubai were permitted to build a two-story Buddha within their establishment.
- Anthony D'Andrea, Global Nomads: Techno and New Age as Transnational Countercultures in Ibiza and Goa (2007), p. 93.
- Bethan Ryder, Bar and Club Design ( 2006), p. 18.
- Stephen Fallon, Paris (2010), p. 294.
- Hugo Montanaro, "Buddha Bar", The Best of Bars & Restaurants (1998), p. 72-77.
- Time Out Dubai (2009), p. 149.
- "Buddha Bar London- The Parisians are Coming". The Handbook. October 24, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- Missy Frederick, "D.C.'s Buddha Bar appears to have closed", Washington Business Journal (June 19, 2012).
- Wolfgang Spahr, "The Year in Music 2001 – Critic's Choice", Billboard Magazine (December 29, 2001), Vol. 113, No. 52, p. 39.
- Damien Keown, Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction (2013), Chapter 6, ISBN 0191640506.
- Sara Schonhardt, "Food Fridays: A Tasteful Journey Through Jakarta History", Southeast Asia Real Time (December 6, 2013).
- Lisa Siregar, "Kunstkring's Treasure Hunt to Redeem a Years-Old Wrong Archived 2013-12-08 at the Wayback Machine", Jakarta Globe (December 6, 2013).
- Neha Vora, Impossible Citizens: Dubai's Indian Diaspora (2013), p. 46.
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