Buddhism in the Philippines

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The Main Altar of a Buddhist Temple in Masangkay Street, Tondo, Manila.

Buddhism is a minor religion in the Philippines.


Manjusri with hair in a bun, travels upon his lion in Journey to the West, Tabon Caves, discovered in 2013

Loanwords with Buddhist context appear in languages of the Philippines.[1] [2] Archaeological finds include Buddhist artifacts.[3][4] The style are of Vajrayana influence.[5][6]

Shingon Buddhist Service at the Heiwa Kannon Shrine in Clark Field, Pampanga, October 2003

Estimates of the Buddhist population of the Philippines is around 2%.[7][8][9] Several schools of Buddhism are present in the Philippines. There are Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhist temples as well as Theravada followers, lay organizations, meditation centers and groups, such as Soka Gakkai International.[10] The Maha Bodhi Society's Zen circle was founded in October 1998.[11]


  1. ^ Virgilio S. Almario, UP Diksunaryong Filipino
  2. ^ Khatnani, Sunita (11 October 2009). "The Indian in the Filipino". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Jesus Peralta, "Prehistoric Gold Ornaments CB Philippines," Arts of Asia, 1981, 4:54-60
  4. ^ Art Exhibit: Philippines' 'Gold of Ancestors' in Newsweek.
  5. ^ Laszlo Legeza, "Tantric Elements in Pre-Hispanic Gold Art," Arts of Asia, 1988, 4:129-133.
  6. ^ Camperspoint: History of Palawan. Accessed 27 August 2008.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ PEW Forum
  9. ^ "An Information Guide – Buddhism". buddhist-tourism.com. 2007. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  10. ^ "Directory of Buddhist Organizations and Temples in the Philippines". Sangha Pinoy. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2008. 
  11. ^ The Dharma Wheel, 1:1, 1998 Philippines Centennial Issue


  • Almario, Virgilio S. ed., : UP Diksiyonaryong Filipino. Pasig City: 2001.
  • Concepcion, Samnak P.J., Quest of Zen: Awakening the Wisdom Heart. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4535-6367-0
  • Legeza, Laszlo, "Tantric Elements in Pre-Hispanic Philippines Gold Art," Arts of Asia, July–August 1988, pp. 129–136.
  • Munoz, Paul Michel, Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet: 2006. ISBN 981-4155-67-5
  • Peralta, Jesus, "Prehistoric Gold Ornaments CB Philippines," Arts of Asia, 1981, 4:54–60.
  • Religious Demographic Profile, The PEW Forum on Religion and Public Life. Retrieved 2008.
  • Scott, William Henry, Prehispanic Source Material for the Study of Philippine History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 1984. ISBN 971-10-0226-4
  • Thomas, Edward J., The Life of the Buddha: As Legend and History. India: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 2003.