Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India
In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim.
There are number of historical Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India.
- 1 Primary sites
- 2 Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India
- 3 Further sites
- 4 Monasteries
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
|The Four Main Sites|
|Four Additional Sites|
Buddhism offers four major sites of pilgrimage: the Buddha's birthplace at Lumbini, the site where he attained Enlightenment Bodh Gaya, where he first preached at Benaras, and where he achieved Parinirvana at Kusinagara. Some Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India are listed below:
- Bodh Gaya, Bihar — The site of the enlightenment of Gautama Buddha.
- Sarnath, outside Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh — The site of the first sermon.
- Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh — the site of the Buddha's parinirvana.
Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India
- Patna, Bihar — Formerly known as Pataliputra, it was the seat of the Mauryan empire and a significant Buddhist centre
- Rajgir, Bihar — Formerly known as Rajagaha, it was the capital of Magadha, ruled by King Bimbisara, one of the most prominent monarchs and supporters during the lifetime of the Buddha
- Nalanda, Bihar — Site of an ancient Buddhist university, destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khalji during Islamic attacks
- Sravasti, Uttar Pradesh — Formerly known as Savatthi, it was the capital of Kosala, ruled by King Pasenadi, one of the most prominent monarchs and supporters during the lifetime of the Buddha
- Vaishali, Bihar — Seat of a republican state of the Lichchavis, prominent supporters of the Buddha. Site of the Second Buddhist Council
The name of Bihar is derived from vihara, meaning monastery, such was the association of the area with Buddhism. In addition to these sites which were visited by the Buddha, other sites in India have become notable:
- Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh — Site of a large stupa built by Ashoka, it also stored the relics of Sariputra and Mahamoggallana, the two chief disciples of the Buddha; reputedly the place from which Mahinda set out to proselytise Sri Lanka.
- Ajanta and Ellora, Maharashtra — the site of intricate cave paintings depicting Buddhism
- Nagarjunakonda, Bavikonda, Thotlakonda, Salihundam, Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, Ratnagiri, Odisha, Lalitgiri, Odisha and Udayagiri, Odisha — former sites of Buddhist education
There are a proliferation of Tibetan Buddhist sites in India
- Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh
- Rumtek, Sikkim
- Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh
- Palpung Sherabling Monastery, Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh
- Tabo Monastery, Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh
- Leh, Ladakh
- Namdroling Monastery, Bylakuppe, Near Mysore, Karnataka
- Adi Badri, Haryana 
- Bojjannakonda, Andhra Pradesh
- Bhattiprolu, Andhra Pradesh
- Bagh Caves, Madhya Pradesh
- Chandavaram, Andhra Pradesh
- Deekshabhoomi, Maharashtra
- Guntupalli, Andhra Pradesh
- Ghantasala, Andhra Pradesh
- Harwan, near Srinagar, Kashmir
- Nelakondapalli, Telangana
- Pavurallakonda, Andhra Pradesh
- Phanigiri, Telangana
- Parihaspura, Jammu and Kashmir
- Panderathan, Jammu and Kashmir
- Ramatheertham, Andhra Pradesh
- Vadnagar, Mehsana District, Gujarat
- McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh
- Namphake, Dibrugarh, Assam
- Surya Pahar, Goalpara, Assam
- Hayagriva Madhava, Hajo, Assam
Zang Dhok Palri Phodang
Zang Dhok Palri Phodang is a Buddhist monastery in Kalimpong in West Bengal, India. The monastery is located atop Durpin Hill, one of the two hills of the town. It was consecrated in 1976 by the visiting Dalai Lama.
Rumtek Monastery also called the "Dharmachakra Centre", is a gompa located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. It is a focal point for the sectarian tensions within the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism that characterize the Karmapa controversy.
Tashiding Monastery is a Buddhist monastery of the Nyingma sect of Tibetan Buddhism in Western Sikkim, northeastern India. It is located on top of the hill rising between the Rathong chu and the Rangeet River.
The Manadala at the "Kakaling", the entry gate to the Tawang Monastery.
The Zang Dhok Palri Phodang monastery atop Durpin Hill.
Prayer Wheels in the Rumtek Monastery.
Ornately carved colourful Window of Enchey Monastery.
The Golden Chorten near Tashiding Monastery.
- Lelyveld, Joseph. Great soul Mahatma Gandhi and his struggle with India (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 210. ISBN 0307595366.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
- New Buddha site found in Gujarat
- "Pemayangtse Monastery". Buddhist Tourism. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
- "Monasteries". sikkiminfo.in. Archived from the original on February 13, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2009.
- "Monasteries in Sikkim are of three types". Dubdi Monastery. Sikkim Info. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
- "Ralang Monastery". Buddhist-temples.com. Retrieved November 21, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India.|
- Youtube: Lord Buddha & Buddhist Pilgrimage Sites in India —A Documentary in Hindi