Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India

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"Great Buddha Statue" at Bodh Gaya

In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. Sometimes, it is a journey to a sacred place or shrine of importance to a person's beliefs and faith. Members of every major religion participate in pilgrimages. A person who makes such a journey is called a pilgrim.

There are number of historical Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India.

Primary sites[edit]

Buddhism offers four major sites of pilgrimage: the Buddha's birthplace at Lumbini, the site where he attained Enlightenment Bodh Gaya, where he first preached at Benaras, and where he achieved Parinirvana at Kusinagara. Some Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India are listed below:

These are three of the four holiest sites in Buddhism. The fourth, Lumbini, the birthplace of the Buddha, is now in southern Nepal.

Reclining statue of Buddha at Parinirvana Stupa.

Buddhist pilgrimage sites in India[edit]

The name of Bihar is derived from vihara, meaning monastery, such was the association of the area with Buddhism. In addition to these sites which were visited by the Buddha, other sites in India have become notable:

There are a proliferation of Tibetan Buddhist sites in India

Further sites[edit]


Pemayangtse Monastery[edit]

The Pemayangtse Monastery is a Buddhist monastery in Pemayangtse, near Pelling in the northeastern Indian state of Sikkim, located 140 kilometres (87 mi) west of Gangtok.[5]

Tawang Monastery[edit]

Tawang Monastery in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.

Zang Dhok Palri Phodang[edit]

Zang Dhok Palri Phodang is a Buddhist monastery in Kalimpong in West Bengal, India. The monastery is located atop Durpin Hill, one of the two hills of the town. It was consecrated in 1976 by the visiting Dalai Lama.

Rumtek Monastery[edit]

Rumtek Monastery also called the "Dharmachakra Centre", is a gompa located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. It is a focal point for the sectarian tensions within the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism that characterize the Karmapa controversy.

Enchey Monastery[edit]

Enchey Monastery is located in Gangtok, the capital city of Sikkim in the Northeastern Indian state. It belongs to the Nyingma order of Vajrayana Buddhism.

Tashiding Monastery[edit]

Tashiding Monastery is a Buddhist monastery of the Nyingma sect of Tibetan Buddhism in Western Sikkim, northeastern India. It is located on top of the hill rising between the Rathong chu and the Rangeet River.

Dubdi Monastery[edit]

Dubdi Monastery, occasionally called 'Yuksom Monastery' is a Buddhist monastery of the Nyingma sect of Tibetan Buddhism near Yuksom, in the Geyzing subdivision of West Sikkim district.[6][7]

Ralang Monastery[edit]

Ralang Monastery is a Buddhist monastery of the Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism in southern Sikkim, northeastern India. It is located six kilometres from Ravangla.[8]

Rumtek Monastery, Sikkim, India.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://thebuddhistforum.com/wp/haryana-misses-the-buddha-moment-the-tribune.html
  2. ^ Lelyveld, Joseph. Great soul Mahatma Gandhi and his struggle with India (1st ed.). New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 210. ISBN 0307595366. 
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  4. ^ New Buddha site found in Gujarat
  5. ^ "Pemayangtse Monastery". Buddhist Tourism. Retrieved November 7, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Monasteries". sikkiminfo.in. Archived from the original on February 13, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Monasteries in Sikkim are of three types". Dubdi Monastery. Sikkim Info. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Ralang Monastery". Buddhist-temples.com. Retrieved November 21, 2009. 

External links[edit]