Buddy Baker (composer)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Born||Norman Dale Baker
January 4, 1918
|Died||July 26, 2002
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills)|
|Education||Southwest Baptist University|
Norman Dale "Buddy" Baker (January 4, 1918 – July 26, 2002) was an American composer who, together with Paul J. Smith, scored many Disney films, such as The Apple Dumpling Gang in 1975, The Apple Dumpling Gang Rides Again in 1979, The Shaggy D.A. in 1976 and The Fox and the Hound in 1981.
Baker was born and raised in Springfield, Missouri, and got his degree in music from Southwest Baptist College. He later went to the West Coast in the 1930s to arrange music scores for radio. He became the Musical Director on Bob Hope's radio show.
One of his first hits as a big band arranger on record was "And Her Tears Flowed Like Wine" for the Stan Kenton Orchestra. He later became a professor at L.A. City College in the early 1950s. Among his early students were film composer Jerry Goldsmith and jazz drummer Louis Bellson with whom he composed and arranged Journey Into Love (Norgran, 1954).
At about this time, his friend George Bruns asked him to compose music for the Disney television show Davy Crockett and the River Pirates. He stayed on at the Disney studio, and eventually became its music director, as well as chief composer for Disneyland and other Disney theme parks.
Paul Smith and Buddy Baker were nominated for an Academy Award for their score to the 1972 film Napoleon and Samantha. Their work appears in many Disney cartoons and featurettes, including Donald in Mathmagic Land, which was nominated for a 1959 Academy Award (Best Documentary - Short Subjects). In 1978, they composed the music for the first Walt Disney Home Video logo, known as the "Neon Mickey" logo. The music was a loud string fanfare.
Paul J. Smith and Buddy Baker arranged and conducted most of the Winnie-the-Pooh musical featurettes. After Smith died in 1985, Baker conducted the music for the The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh theme park attractions worldwide at the age of 81 in 1999.
The eerie music played throughout the Haunted Mansion at Disneyland was another work by Baker, as was the infectious theme to Walt Disney World's If You Had Wings. Baker arranged the medley of French classical music that accompanies the film Impressions de France at EPCOT Center, which artfully integrates works by Camille Saint-Saëns, Claude Debussy and Erik Satie, among others. The music to the Tokyo DisneySea theme park attraction Journey to the Center of the Earth, which opened in 2001, was also composed by Baker.
Later years and death
Baker retired from Disney having been the last contracted music staff composer still on contract at any studio. Although occasionally returning to work on theme park, film and television projects, he spent the majority of his later years teaching film scoring at the USC Thornton School of Music in Los Angeles. He held that job until his death from natural causes at age 84 in 2002. His interment was at Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills Cemetery. In 2004, Baker's wife Charlotte donated his papers to the Fales Library at New York University.
- A Buddy Baker Tribute, accessed December 15, 2015
- Smithsonian Jazz Oral History Program NEA Jazz Master interview: Louis Bellson, October 2 & 21, 2005