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|Birth name||Hugh Alan MacMaster|
|Also known as||King of the Jigs|
October 18, 1924|
Timmins, Ontario, Canada
|Died||August 20, 2014
Judique, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Genres||Cape Breton fiddle music|
|Associated acts||Natalie MacMaster|
MacMaster was born in 1924 into a Gaelic-speaking home in Timmins, Ontario to John Duncan MacMaster and Sarah Agnes MacDonald MacMaster. The family was originally from Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, and in 1928 they returned to Cape Breton to settle in the town of Judique. MacMaster's father played the fiddle, but his mother sang to him from birth, lilting with a Gaelic inflection peculiar to the area, and it is she that he credits for instilling in him a love of music. At an early age, MacMaster began to play the fiddle. At age 12, he had his first public performance at an amateur hour in Port Hood, Nova Scotia, and at age 14 he played his first professional gig at a square dance in the nearby town of Troy.
Although he continued to play nights at square dances across Nova Scotia, MacMaster began a career as a station agent and telegrapher for the Canadian National Railway to support himself and his family. In 1943, he made his first radio broadcast from the town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia in 1948. In the 1970s, he played regularly on CBC Television's Ceilidh show. After his retirement from the railroad in 1988, he went on to play full-time as a professional musician, gaining an international reputation. He was one of the first Cape Breton fiddlers to be asked to teach in Scotland.
MacMaster was awarded an honorary doctorate from St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish in 1995, and in 2000 he was awarded the Order of Canada for his contributions to Canadian culture. The Canadian Encyclopedia states that the citation for the Order of Canada read "as ambassador of Canadian music and a mentor to many, he is leading a Gaelic renaissance in Canada and abroad." He has appeared through Nova Scotia, Canada, the US and the UK for dances, in concert and in festivals such as the Atlantic Fiddlers' Festival, Cape Breton Fiddlers' Festival, Celtic Colours International Festival, Nova Scotia Highland Village Day, Cape Breton Fiddlers' Festival, the Nova Scotia International Tattoo, and the Celtic Sundance Festival, Utah. He also received the Order of Nova Scotia in 2003 for outstanding achievement benefiting the province and its residents. In October 2006, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from Cape Breton University in a special ceremony held in Judique.
MacMaster married Marie Beaton in 1968. They have two children, Mary Elizabeth MacMaster MacInnis (also a musician) and Allan Gerard MacMaster. MacMaster's youngest sister, Betty Lou Beaton, is one of Cape Breton's finest pianists and is married to well-known fiddler and composer Kinnon Beaton. He is also the uncle of Natalie MacMaster, another Cape Breton fiddler who has toured extensively and gained a worldwide following. His son, Allan, was elected to the Nova Scotia House of Assembly in October 2009, representing the electoral district of Inverness as a Progressive Conservative.
MacMaster died at his home in Judique, Nova Scotia on August 20, 2014. He was 89.
- Judique on the Floor (1989)
- Glencoe Hall (1991)
- The Judique Flyer (2000)
- Cape Breton Tradition (2003)
- Traditional Music from Cape Breton Island (2005) with Natalie MacMaster
He has also released a video, Buddy MacMaster, Master of the Cape Breton Fiddle.
- MacInnes, Sheldon (2007). Buddy MacMaster: The Judique Fiddler, Nova Scotia: Pottersfield Press. ISBN 978-1-895900-90-3.
- "The Canadian Encyclopedia (including the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada)". Biography: MacMaster, Hugh Allan (Buddy). The Canadian Encyclopedia. 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- MacDonald, Paul (Spring 2000). "Buddy MacMaster Biography". Atlantic artists.com. Atlantic Records, Canada. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Buddy MacMaster, renowned Cape Breton fiddler, dead at 89". CBC News. August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.