Buderim

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Buderim
Sunshine CoastQueensland
Buderim Waterfall Boardwalk.jpg
Buderim Waterfall Boardwalk, 2016
Population 39,911 (2006 census)[1]
 • Density 643.7/km2 (1,667.2/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 4556
Area 62.0 km2 (23.9 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
Location
LGA(s) Sunshine Coast Region
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Fairfax

Buderim is an urban centre on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.[2] It sits on a 180-metre (590 ft) mountain which overlooks the southern Sunshine Coast communities.

The name "Buderim" is from the local Kabi Kabi Aboriginal word for the hairpin honeysuckle, (Badderam) Banksia spinulosa var. collina, which grew abundantly in the sandy country around the plateau.[2]

Early European History[edit]

Team of bullocks hauling a wagon of logs in Ballinger Crescent, 1927
Panoramic views from Buderim to Mooloolaba Beach, 1934

In 1862, Tom Petrie set out from Brisbane with 25 Turrbal and Kabi Kabi men including Billy Dingy and Wanangga to search for cedar in the Maroochy area. They ascended Buderim mountain where they 'saw forests of fine timber, then had the satisfaction of being the first to cut a cedar tree there.'[3] Buderim was seen as a resource for timbergetters, as huge stands of Beech and Australian Red Cedar grew across the mountain. Some trees were so large they were wasted due to the lack of transport to carry them down to the river for despatch to Brisbane. Once clear felled, the plateau was used for farming. The rich red volcanic soil found on Buderim made the area particularly suited to growing almost everything, from bananas to small crops. The most notable were coffee and (in the 20th century) ginger, the crop which made Buderim famous. The farming pioneer Burnett won awards for the quality of his coffee at shows in London during the late 19th century.

Buderim Mountain Post Office opened on 1 June 1884 (a receiving office had been open from 1874). It was renamed Buderim by 1897.[4]

In the middle of the 20th century the largest ginger processing facility in the southern hemisphere was built, and operated as the Buderim Ginger Factory until it closed and operations were moved closer to other ginger growing areas near Yandina.

As the value of their produce was eroded, many farmers left the land to find work elsewhere. This was very much the fate of the Lindsay family, who farmed massive orchards around the road which now bears their name.[citation needed]

In 2011 the average value of Buderim real estate was $475,000 and, largely due to its altitude, its proximity to the Sunshine Coast beaches and its pleasant climate, has increased to $595,000,[5] and this has pressured many others out of the rural lifestyle, as housing development increased in and around Buderim Mountain. Thanks to the huge leap in real estate values during the first decade of 2000, steep land was developed that was previously deemed too expensive to engineer for housing. Due to these developments, the remainder of the farming land and much of the secondary growth rainforest on the escarpment has disappeared. Substantial rainforest remnants remain, especially in the protected area known as the Foote Sanctuary which provides well-maintained public walking paths and BBQ facilities. There is also access to the Buderim Falls. The area is home to an abundance of native wildlife, notably king parrots and lorikeets. Brush turkeys are also a common sight, as are families of kangaroos and wallabies.

Boarding house built in the Queenslander style, Buderim Mountain, December 1930

Nowadays, the Mountain is notable for the enormous variety of its architectural styles, which range from the classic 'Queenslander' to ultra-modern one-off designs. Some homes, especially those 'on top' with ocean views, sell for seven-figure sums.[citation needed] One celebrated 'mansion', straddling four blocks, has recently been on the market for 'offers close to $20 million'.[6]

First Class Coach on the new Buderim tramway, ca. 1915

Buderim contains a significant heritage relic of the early days in the form of Pioneer Cottage, restored and cared for by the Buderim Historical Society.[7]

Between 1914 and 1935 a small gauge railway ran from Buderim to Palmwoods, to take produce from Buderim farms to market. The railway was closed down in 1935 when improved roads and truck transport made it economically redundant. A substantial section of the old track has been cleared and now provides a fine scenic walking trail running parallel to Mons Road.[8] The magnificent old Krauss steam locomotive which previously hauled the carriages along this track is currently undergoing restoration and is planned for public display in the centre of Buderim, when sufficient funds are raised.[9]

Heritage listings[edit]

Buderim has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography[edit]

Buderim is not strictly defined, but as at the 2011 census[14] the Australian Bureau of Statistics classifies Buderim based on the boundaries of the following suburbs:

Historically, until the 2001 census, a section of Buderim within about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of Sunshine Motorway, as well as Mountain Creek, were considered parts of the neighbouring Maroochydore urban centre.

Transport[edit]

Buderim's suburbs are served by Sunbus Sunshine Coast, who operate a transfer station at Buderim Market Place, and a bus station at University of the Sunshine Coast. Various bus routes connect Buderim to Maroochydore, Caloundra, Nambour and other centres.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Census populations for the Buderim urban centre have been recorded since 1933. Due to a substantial redefinition of Buderim before the 2001 census, the first column records the UC/L population to 1996 and its component parts thereafter; the second records the SLA based on time series data.

Year Population
(UC/L)
Population
(SLA)
1933 639
1947 787
1954 955
1961 978
1966 1,068
1971 1,763
1976 2,863
1981 4,016
1986 5,390
1991 7,499 14,113
1996 12,458 24,043
2001 20,480 31,467
2006 27,354 39,881

According to the 2016 census, Buderim had a population of 29,355, largely made of people of European descent. Buderim has the largest communities of Australians with English (13,685; 32.9%), Irish (4,059; 9.8%), Scottish (3,885; 9.3%), German (1,955; 4.7%), Dutch (586; 2.0%), and Welsh ancestry (313; 1.1%) out of any suburb in Queensland.[16][17]

Education[edit]

The University of the Sunshine Coast is located near Buderim at Sippy Downs.

The area is exceptionally well-served for both state and private schools, including:

A primary school operated in nearby Mons from 7 February 1916 to 31 December 1974.[20]

Amenities[edit]

The Sunshine Coast Regional Council operates a mobile library service which visits Lindsay Road opposite the Post Office and North Buderim Boulevard.[21]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Maroochy (S) - Buderim (Statistical Local Area)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Buderim - town (entry 4915)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  3. ^ Petrie, C.C. (1904). Tom Petrie's Reminscences of Early Queensland. Brisbane: Watson, Ferguson & Co. p. 191. 
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "View property investment data for All houses in Buderim". realestate.com.au. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Buderim house may set Qld record". Sunshine Coast Daily. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Buderim Historical Society". Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018. 
  8. ^ "Buderim Tramway Train". Buderim Website. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Buderim - Palmwoods Heritage Tramway". Buderim Community Website. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Pioneer Cottage Buderim (entry 600688)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Canambie Homestead (entry 602166)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "Buderim House (entry 601176)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Palmwoods to Buderim Tramway Track Foundation and Formwork Remnants (entry 601711)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "2011 Census QuickStats: Buderim". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Archived from the original on 14 April 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  15. ^ Translink Queensland. "All bus timetables". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "2016Census_G_QLD_SSC - Census DataPacks - General Community Profile". Australian Bureau of Statistics – Census 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  17. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Buderim (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 July 2017.  Edit this at Wikidata
  18. ^ "Buderim Mountain State School". Archived from the original on 2 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "Queensland schools opening dates". Archived from the original on 12 November 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  20. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Libraries: Mobile timetable". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°41′06″S 153°03′11″E / 26.685°S 153.053°E / -26.685; 153.053