Budge Budge II

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Budge Budge II
বজ বজ II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Budge Budge II is located in West Bengal
Budge Budge II
Budge Budge II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°23′47″N 88°09′54″E / 22.39639°N 88.16500°E / 22.39639; 88.16500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Budge Budge, Satgachhia
Area
 • Total 30 sq mi (78 km2)
Elevation 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 192,134
 • Density 6,400/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 743384 (Bawali)
Area code(s) 033
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy Rate 79.13 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Budge Budge II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Alipore Sadar subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Budge Budge II CD Block 61.97 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 55.83 acres or 90.09% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 548.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Dongaria is located at 22°23′47″N 88°09′54″E / 22.3962590°N 88.1649480°E / 22.3962590; 88.1649480.

Budge Budge II CD Block is bounded by Budge Budge I CD Block and Sankrail CD Block in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the north, Bishnupur I CD Block in the east, Falta CD Block in the south, and Sankrail and Uluberia I CD Blocks in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the west.[2][3]

It is located 18 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Budge Budge II CD Block has an area of 78 km2. Nodakhali police station serves this CD Block. Budge Budge II panchayat samity has 11 gram panchayats. The block has 64 inhabited villages.[4] Headquarters of this block is at Dongaria.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Budge Budge II block/panchayat samiti are: Burul, Chakmanik, Dongaria Roypur, Gaza Poali, Kamra, Kashipur Alampur, Naskarpara, North Bowali, Rania, Satgachia and South Bowali.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Budge Budge II CD Block had a total population of 192,134, of which 135,254 were rural and 56,880 were urban. There were 98,570 (51%) males and 93,564 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,985. Scheduled Castes numbered 38,495 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 262.[7]

As per 2001 census, Budge Budge II block had a total population of 173,467, out of which 90,001 were males and 83,466 were females. Budge Budge II block registered a population growth of 15.23 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent.Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 38,059 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,423.[4][8][9]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Budge Budge II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chak Kashipur (12,035), Chak Alampur (11,144), Bowali (10,968), Dakshin Raypur (14,076) and Poali (8,657).[7]

Large villages in Budge Budge II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chandipur (9,066), Muchisha (4,023), Dongaria (7,425), Baratala (4,595), Telari (4,937) and Burul (7,014).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Budge Budge II CD Block was 135,428 (79.13% of the population over 6 years) out of which 73,573 (54%) were males and 61,855 (46%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Budge Budge II block had a total literacy of 72.46 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 80.24 per cent female literacy was 64.01 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[4]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Budge Budge II CD Block
Hindu
  
67.55%
Muslim
  
32.23%
Others
  
0.22%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 129,778 and formed 67.55% of the population in Budge Budge II CD Block. Muslims numbered 61,934 and formed 32.23% of the population. Others numbered 422 and formed 0.22% of the population.[12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. Although South 24 Parganas is a predominantly rural district, there is a strong industrial presence in the east bank of the Hooghly covering Maheshtala, Budge Budge and Falta. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33 percent of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Budge Budge II CD Block has a poverty ratio of 34.04% of the households in 2005. In the north-western part of the district, Budge Budge II has a relatively high poverty ratio and Sonarpur CD Block is a mediocre performer with 23 per cent households living below the poverty line. All the other CD Blocks have poverty ratios below 20 per cent.[13]

In standard of living Budge Budge II had a rank 11 amongst all the 29 blocks. In Infrastructure development it had the 4th rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Budge Budge II, 42% households have access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads is 4.97 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches is 0.45 per 10,000 population. In Budge Budge II, 52.64% of rural households are engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 9.65% are culivators, 9.71% are self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 13.47% are engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 14.52% are engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 68.52% female literacy was 45.39% and there was a gender gap of 23.13% in Budge Budge II. The CD Blocks are gradually catching up the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Budge Budge II had 22 secondary and higher secondary schools. 1 school did not have a library and 20 of them did not have computer facilities.[13]

In 2006, in Budge Budge II for 66 villages there were 24 health sub-centres and 3 rural hospital/public health centres having 72 beds with 8 medical officers, 11 nurses, 42 health assistants and 8 pharmacists and technicians. 99.2% of the 242 habitations in Budge Budge II CD Block were fully covered with safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), and 0.8% habitations were partly covered.[13]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Budge Budge II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016.