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Budhagupta in Malwa Circa 476-495 CE.jpg
Coin of Buddhagupta in Malwa.
11th Gupta emperor
Reignc. 476 – c. 495 CE
PredecessorKumaragupta II

Budhagupta (rc. 476 – 495 CE) was a Gupta emperor and the successor of Kumaragupta II. He was the son of Purugupta and was succeeded by Narasimhagupta.[1] Budhagupta had close ties with the rulers of Kannauj and together they sought to run the Hunas out of the fertile plains of Northern India.


The Buddhagupta pillar at Eran.

The Damodarpur copper-plate inscription informs us that Pundravardhana bhukti (the present-day North Bengal) was ruled by his two viceroys (Uparika Mahararaja) Brahmadatta and Jayadatta.

The Eran stone pillar inscription of two brothers, Matrivishnu and Dhanyavishnu mentions Budhagupta as their emperor (Bhupati), under whom Maharaja Surashmichandra was governing the land between the Yamuna and the Narmada[1] The Budhagupta inscription on the Eran column is on the west face towards the bottom of the lower and square part of a large monolithic red-sandstone column situated near the ruined group of temples at Eran. The inscription refers to the reign of Budhagupta over the area "between the rivers Kâlindi and Narmadâ", and it is dated 484–485 CE. The object of it is to record the erection of the column, which is called 'dhvajastambha' or flag staff of the god Vishnu. This pillar is about 48 feet high. This inscription was discovered by T.S. Burt in 1838.[2]

The Buddha image inscription found at Mathura is dated to Budhagupta's reign. It shows that his authority extended to Mathura in the north.[3]



  1. ^ a b Raychaudhuri, H.C. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p. 522
  2. ^ Dr. Mohan Lal Chadhar, Eran Ki Tamrapashan Sanskriti, Sagar, MP 2009, pp 11,ISBN 81-89740-07-5
  3. ^ Agarwal, Ashvini (1989). Rise and Fall of the Imperial Guptas, Delhi:Motilal Banarsidas, ISBN 81-208-0592-5, pp. 226–30

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Kumaragupta II
Gupta Emperor
Succeeded by