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11th Gupta emperor
Reign c. 476 – c. 495 CE
Predecessor Kumaragupta II
Successor Narasimhagupta
Dynasty Gupta

Budhagupta (Sanskrit: बुधगुप्त) (reigned c. 476–495 CE) was a Gupta emperor. He was the successor of Kumaragupta II and the predecessor of Narasimhagupta. He was the son of Purugupta.[1] He had close ties with the rulers of Kannauj kingdom and together they sought to rule the Huns out of the fertile plains of Northern India.

The Damodarpur copper-plate inscription informs us that Pundravardhana bhukti (the present-day North Bengal) was ruled by his two viceroys (Uparika Mahararaja) Brahmadatta and Jayadatta. The Eran stone pillar inscription of two brothers, Matrivishnu and Dhanyavishnu mentions Budhagupta as their emperor (Bhupati), under whom Maharaja Surashmichandra was governing the land between the Yamuna and the Narmada[1] The Buddha image inscription found from Mathura is dated in Budhagupta's reign. It shows that his authority was extended to Mathura in the north.[2]

The royal Budhagupta inscription on Archaeological site Eran column is on the west face towards the bottom of the lower and square part of a large monolithic red-sandstone column situated near the ruined group of temples at Eran. The inscription refers to the reign of Budhagupta and it is dated A.D. 484-485. The object of it is to record the erection of the column, which is called 'dhvajastambha' or flag staff of the god Vishnu. This Pillar height about 48 fit. First discovered this inscription by T.S. Burt in 1838.[3]


  1. ^ a b Raychaudhuri, H.C. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, p. 522
  2. ^ Agarwal, Ashvini (1989). Rise and Fall of the Imperial Guptas, Delhi:Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0592-5, pp. 226–30
  3. ^ Dr. Mohan Lal Chadhar, Eran Ki Tamrapashan Sasnkriti, Sagar, MP 2009, pp 11,ISBN 81-89740-07-5

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Kumaragupta II
Gupta Emperor
Succeeded by