Budi Darma

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Budi Darma
Budi Darma delivering speech, International Conference on Education, Language, and Literature (ICon-ELite), Surabaya, 2018-07-18 02.jpg
Born (1937-04-25) 25 April 1937 (age 81)
Rembang, Central Java
OccupationEssayist, Novelist, Literary Critic, Literature Professor
ResidenceIndonesia
NationalityIndonesian

Budi Darma, BA, MA, Prof. Emeritus (born April 25, 1937 in Rembang, Central Java, Indonesia) is often described as one of Indonesia's most influential writers.[1] He is the fourth of six children, all male.[2] During his childhood and teens, Budi and his family lived in a number of different cities in Java, including Yogyakarta, Bandung and Semarang, due to the nature of his father's position in the postal service.[3] His schooling reflected his family's nomadic existence. Budi's attended elementary school in Kudus, junior high in Salatiga, and high school in Semarang, graduating from there in 1957.[3] He then studied at the English Literature Department, Faculy of Letters, University of Gadjah Mada.[3] After graduating in 1963, Budi moved to Iowa for the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa.[2] In 1970, he received a scholarship from the East-West Center to study humanities at the University of Hawaii, before graduating with an MA from Indiana University Bloomington in 1976.[4] Four years later, in 1980, he earned his Ph.D for his dissertation on "Character and Moral Judgment in Jane Austen's Novels", from the same university.[3] His return to Indonesia was followed by a succession of notable appointments: between the years 1984-1987 he was appointed Dean of the English Department of the State University of Surabaya (formerly IKIP Surabaya), became a member of the Arts Council, and Rector of the Surabaya Teachers' Training College.[4] Budi Darma continued lecturing at the English Department of the State University of Surabaya until his retirement, at the age of 70, in 2007.[5]

In 1983 Budi wrote the novel, Olenka. It was his first work, inspired by a woman he met while studying at Bloomington. The title was taken from a collection of short stories by Anton Chekov.[6] Although set in America, the novel remains steadfastly Indonesian in its use of Javanese wordplay to tell the story of an amorous plight of a young man with Olenka, the female heroine. Budi has explained his reasons for his choice of style as being due to his firm belief that a writer will never lose his or her roots, no matter how distanced from their place of birth.[6] The novel was published by Balai Pustaka and went on to win several awards including the Jakarta Art Institute Literary award and the S.E.A. Write Award (Southeast Asian Write award).[6] "Olenka" has been reprinted several times, the most recent reprinting coincided with the Indonesian Book Festival in Senayan, Central Jakarta in 2009.[6]

Although Olenka is his best known work, Budi is also the author of several novels, a number of collections of short stories and essays.[3] Prior to writing Olenka, he published an anthology of eight short stories, called Orang-orang Bloomington (Bloomington People) (published 1980)[3] After Olenka, he wrote the novels Rafilus, published in 1988, and Ny. Talis, published in 1996.[3] As at 2010, Budi Darma has authored over 38 works, many of which are available in translation worldwide.[7]

Educational background[edit]

  • Elementary School: Kudus, Central Java (1950)
  • Junior High School: Salatiga, Central Java (1953)
  • Senior High School : Semarang, Central Java (1956)
  • Bachelor Program : Faculty of Letter (Major: English), Gadjah Mada University, Central Java (1963)
  • Master Program: Indiana University, United States (1975)
  • Doctorate Program: Indiana University, United States (1980)

Others:

  • International Writing Program, Iowa University, United States (1967)
  • Basic Humanities, Hawaii University, Honolulu, United States (1971)

Award[edit]

Notable works[edit]

Book[edit]

  • Pengantar Teori Sastra (2005)

Novel[edit]

  • Olenka (1983)[6]
  • Rafilus (1988)
  • Ny.Talis (1995)

Short story[edit]

  • Derabat (1977)
  • Kecap Nomor Satu di Sekeliling Bayi (1969)
  • Ranjang (1970)
  • Nancy Krie (1970)
  • Tanah Minta Digarap (1970)
  • Mangut-Mangut Semacam Ini Biasakah (1970)
  • Mbah Jambe (1970)
  • Pistol (1970)
  • Bulan (1973)
  • Kitri (1970)
  • Pengantin (1971)
  • Sebelum Esok Tiba (1971)
  • Gadis (1971)
  • Anak (1972)
  • Alang Kepalang (1976)
  • Gauhati (1984)
  • Madelun (1993)
  • Mata yang Indah (2001)
  • Kisah Pilot Bejo (2007)
  • Bluke Kecil (2009)
  • Misbahul (2010)
  • Pohon Jejawi (2010)[8]
  • Laki-laki Pemanggul Goni (2012) [9]
  • Tangan-tangan Buntung (2012)[10]
  • Dua Sahabat (2013)
  • Percakapan (2013)[11]
  • Tanda Tanya (2013)[12]
  • Angela (2014)[13]
  • Hotel Tua (2014)[14]
  • Sang Pemahat (2015)[15]
  • Dua Penyanyi (2015)[16]

Short story anthology[edit]

  • Orang-orang Bloomington (1980)
  • Kritikus Adinan (2002)
  • Fofo & Senggring (2005)
  • Orez
  • Laki-laki Lain dalam Sepucuk Surat: pilihan cerita (2008)

Essay[edit]

  • Sebuah Solilokui mengenai Goenawan Mohamad (1977)
  • Pengaruh Zionisme atas Sastra Dunia (1978)
  • Sastra Amerika Masa Kini (1979)
  • Beberapa Gejala dalam Penulisan Prosa (1983)
  • Keindahan: Pandangan Romantik (1983)
  • Novel Indonesia adalah Dunia Melodrama (1983)
  • Persoalan Proses Kreatif (1983)
  • Kemampuan Mengebor Sukma (1984)
  • Perihal Kritik Sastra (1984)
  • Kritikus Nirdawat: Seorang Kritikus Sastra (1985)
  • Pengalaman Pribadi dengan Nugraho Notosusastro (1985)
  • Perkembangan Puisi Indonesia (1985)
  • Manusia Indonesia Berbicara (1987)
  • Kritik Sastra dan Karya Sastra (1987)
  • Romantika Sastra, Kita (1988)
  • Tanggung Jawab Pengarang (1988)
  • Konstalasi Sastra : Homo Comparatikus (1989)
  • Melihat Citra Bangsa melalui Novel (1990)
  • Sastra Indonesia Mutakhir (1990)
  • Stagnasi Kritik Sastra (1990)
  • Kisah Sebuah Odise (1991)
  • Sastra dan Kebudayaan (1992)
  • Novel dan Jati Diri (1993)
  • Manusia Konotasi dan Manusia Denotasi (1997)
  • Mempersoalkan Cerita Pendek (1999)
  • Dalang Wayang Kulit (2000)
  • Pendidikan Seni Pertunjukan (2000)
  • Suratman Markasan : Sastra Melayu Singapura (2000)
  • Fiksi dan Biografi (2001)
  • Ironi si Kembar Siam : Tentang Posmo dan Kajian Budaya (2001)
  • Manusia sebagai Makhluk Budaya (2001)
  • Sastra dan Kebangsaan (2001)
  • Sastra dan Pluralisme (2001)
  • Visi Pengembangan Kebudayaan (2001)
  • Memperhitungkan Masa Lampau (2004)
  • Bahasa yang Indah (2012)
  • Mempertanyakan Orhan Pamuk (2012)
  • Penulisan Sejarah Indonesia (2014)
  • Tersandera oleh Wibawa (2015)
  • Ketika Lapis Atas dan Bawah Sama-sama Timpang (2015)[17]
  • Berdoa Kepada Tuhan (2016) [18]

Essay anthology[edit]

  • Solilokui (1983)
  • Sejumlah Esai Sastra (1984)
  • Harmonium (1995)
  • Moral dalam Sastra (1981)
  • Art and Culture in Surabaya: A Brief Introduction (1992)

Translation[edit]

The Legacy (1996)

Non-Literature[edit]

  • Sejarah 10 November 1945 (1987, Pemda Jatim)
  • Culture in Surabaya (1992, IKIP Surabaya)
  • Modern Literature of ASEAN (Chief Editor, 2000)
  • Kumpulan Esai Sastra ASEAN Asean Committee on Culture and Information

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WRITERS STAND TOGETHER AGAINST TERROR". The Jakarta Post. October 5, 2005.
  2. ^ a b "Budi Darma". Badan Bahasa. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Budi Darma". Goodreads. 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b "World Writers #148:Budi Darma". 29 September 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Evi Mariani (16 September 2005). "Polite teacher views human absurdity". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e Dina Indrasafitri (26 July 2009). "Welcome back 'Olenka'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Budi Darma". WorldCat Identities. 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Pohon Jejawi". Kompas. 26 December 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Laki-laki Pemanggul Goni". Kompas. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Tangan-tangan Buntung". Kompas. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Percakapan". Kompas. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Tanda Tanya". Kompas. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  13. ^ "Angela". Kompas. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Hotel Tua". Kompas. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Sang Pemahat". Kompas. 2 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Dua Penyanyi". Kompas. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Ketika Lapis Atas dan Bawah Sama-sama Timpang". Jawa Pos. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  18. ^ "Berdoa Kepada Tuhan". Kompas. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2016.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]