|Governorate||Ramallah & al-Bireh|
|Name meaning||from Budrus, personal name|
Budrus (Arabic: بٌدرُس) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 31 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 1,399 inhabitants in 2007.
"Budrus" is Arabic for "Peter" and in ancient times the village was known as Patris. The site of the modern town is just east of the 1949 armistice line, while the ancient town was probably 2 km away at Khirbet Budrus, on the west side of the line. It was mentioned in the Jewish Tosefta (Demai 1) as being included in the boundary of the southern mountains of Judea.
In 1596, Budrus appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Ramla of the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 46 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives or summer crops, goats or beehives and a press for olives or grapes; a total of 3,608 akçe. 7/24 of the revenue went to a Waqf.
In 1870, Victor Guérin saw Budrus from a distance, situated on a high hill. He was told that to the west of this village, on a neighboring hill, there were ruins with the name of Khirbet Budrus. An official Ottoman village list from a about the same year, 1870, showed that Ebdus had a total of 28 houses and a population of 93, though the population count included men only. It also noted that it was located by Qibya and Ni'lin.
In 1882, Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Budrus as "a small village, with olive-groves and cisterns. It has near it two sacred places (maqams), and a graveyard near one (Imam 'Aly) on the west."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Budrus had a population of 334; all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 430 Muslims in a total of 98 houses.
In 1945 statistics the population was 510, all Muslims, while the total land area was 7,935 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 636 dunums were plantation or irrigated, 2,412 were allotted to cereals, while 19 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.
The Jordanian census of 1961 found 776 inhabitants in Budrus.
After 1995, 11.2% of Budrus land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 88.8% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated land from Budrus for the construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier. In addition, the wall cuts off the villagers from their land.
A boy from the village, 16-year-old Samir Awad, was shot to death in February 2013 near the Israeli West Bank barrier, where he reportedly had gone with friends to throw stones at soldiers. According to an investigation by B'tselem, he was shot while fleeing, once in the leg, and then further, while attempting to run away, once in the back and the head. A military investigation made a preliminary finding that the soldiers had fired in contravention of open-fire regulations. The house of his family was later subject to assault with concussion grenades, injuring several members, while another son, Abed, was arrested and taken to an unknown destination. In 2018, the Israeli prosecution decided not to charge the Israeli soldiers involved.
- Budrus - a film about the non-violent protests of Budrus residents against the building of the Israeli West Bank barrier in the village.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 227
- 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.
- Budrus Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 831
- Tsafrir, Di Segni and Green, 1994, p. 200
- תוספתא דמאי, פרק א Archived October 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Conder and Conder, 1880, p. 307
- Re'em, 2008, Budrus (West)
- Korenfeld, 2008, Budrus (South)
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 153
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 118
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 30
- Guérin, 1875, p. 80
- Socin, 1879, p. 154 Socin took it to be in the Ramla district
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 140, also noted 28 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 296
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
- Mills, 1932, p. 19
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 114
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 164
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
- Budrus Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 15-16
- Polly Pallister-Wilkins. "Radical Ground: Israeli and Palestinian Activists and Joint Protest Against the Wall". Social Movement Studies. 8 (4): 393–407. doi:10.1080/14742830903234262.
- Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'In Budrus, no one will give us the rights – we have to struggle for them', at Haaretz, 27 July 2013
- 'B’Tselem inquiry: No justification for shooting and killing Samir ‘Awad, 16. Budrus, 15 Jan 2013,' B’Tselem 21 February 2013.
- IDF Probe: 80 Bullets Fired Without Justification in Death of West Bank Palestinian Ha'aretz, 16/1/2013
- Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'A battered house, a shattered Palestinian family,' at Haaretz, 31 May 2013.
- Video Shows Israeli Soldiers Shooting to Death a Palestinian Teen as He Tries to Flee in 2013 Incident, Yotam Berger, June 7, 2018, Haaretz
- Barron, J.B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, C.R.; Kitchener, H.H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Conder, Francis Roubiliac; Conder, C.R. (1880). A handbook to the Bible: being a guide to the study of the Holy Scriptures: derived from ancient monuments and modern exploration. A. D. F. Randolph & company. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945.
- Guérin, V. (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, S. (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Korenfeld, Israel (2008-04-03). "Budrus (South)" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E.H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Re'em, Amit (2008-03-27). "Budrus (West)" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Tsafrir, Y.; Leah Di Segni; Judith Green (1994). (TIR): Tabula Imperii Romani: Judaea, Palaestina. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. ISBN 965-208-107-8.
- Welcome To Budrus
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Budrus Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute–Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Budrus Village Profile, ARIJ
- Budrus aerial photo, ARIJ
- Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Budrus Village, ARIJ
- Israel illegally Re delineate the boundaries of the Palestinian Villages! The case of Qibya and Budrus villages 17, October, 2005