Budrus

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Budrus
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabicبٌدرُس
Budrus Feb 2018.jpg
Budrus is located in the Palestinian territories
Budrus
Budrus
Location of Budrus within Palestine
Coordinates: 31°58′00″N 34°59′37″E / 31.96667°N 34.99361°E / 31.96667; 34.99361Coordinates: 31°58′00″N 34°59′37″E / 31.96667°N 34.99361°E / 31.96667; 34.99361
Palestine grid149/152
GovernorateRamallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
Population
(2006)
 • Jurisdiction1,399
Name meaningfrom Budrus, personal name[1]

Budrus (Arabic: بٌدرُس‎) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 31 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 1,399 inhabitants in 2007.[2]

Location[edit]

Budrus is located 21 kilometers (13 mi) north-west of Ramallah. It is bordered by Qibya and Ni'lin to the east, Qibya to the north, the Green line to the west, and Ni'lin to the south.[3]

History[edit]

"Budrus" is Arabic for "Peter" and in ancient times the village was known as Patris. The site of the modern town is just east of the 1949 armistice line, while the ancient town was probably 2 km away at Khirbet Budrus, on the west side of the line.[4][5] It was mentioned in the Jewish Tosefta (Demai 1)[6] as being included in the boundary of the southern mountains of Judea.[7]

Archeological remains from the Hellenistic[8] and the Byzantine eras[9] have been found.

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, Budrus appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Ramla of the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 46 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives or summer crops, goats or beehives and a press for olives or grapes; a total of 3,608 akçe. 7/24 of the revenue went to a Waqf.[10]

In 1838, Budrus was counted as a Muslim village in the Gaza District,[11] noted from the tower of the White Mosque of Ramleh.[12]

In 1870, Victor Guérin saw Budrus from a distance, situated on a high hill. He was told that to the west of this village, on a neighboring hill, there were ruins with the name of Khirbet Budrus.[13] An official Ottoman village list from a about the same year, 1870, showed that Ebdus had a total of 28 houses and a population of 93, though the population count included men only. It also noted that it was located by Qibya and Ni'lin.[14][15]

In 1882, Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Budrus as "a small village, with olive-groves and cisterns. It has near it two sacred places (maqams), and a graveyard near one (Imam 'Aly) on the west."[16]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Budrus had a population of 334; all Muslims,[17] increasing in the 1931 census to 430 Muslims in a total of 98 houses.[18]

In 1945 statistics the population was 510, all Muslims,[19] while the total land area was 7,935 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[20] Of this, 636 dunums were plantation or irrigated, 2,412 were allotted to cereals,[21] while 19 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.[22]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Budrus came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 776 inhabitants in Budrus.[23]

1967-present[edit]

Land day protest in Budrus, March 2012

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Budrus has been under Israeli occupation.

After 1995, 11.2% of Budrus land is defined as Area B land, while the remaining 88.8% is defined as Area C. Israel has confiscated land from Budrus for the construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier. In addition, the wall cuts off the villagers from their land.[24]

Budrus is flanked on the west and north by the Israeli West Bank barrier and has regularly been the site of protests against it[25] since 2003.[26]

High school in Budrus

A boy from the village, 16-year-old Samir Awad, was shot to death in February 2013 near the Israeli West Bank barrier, where he reportedly had gone with friends to throw stones at soldiers. According to an investigation by B'tselem, he was shot while fleeing, once in the leg, and then further, while attempting to run away, once in the back and the head. A military investigation made a preliminary finding that the soldiers had fired in contravention of open-fire regulations.[27][28] The house of his family was later subject to assault with concussion grenades, injuring several members, while another son, Abed, was arrested and taken to an unknown destination.[29] In 2018, the Israeli prosecution decided not to charge the Israeli soldiers involved.[30]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 227
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.
  3. ^ Budrus Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 831
  5. ^ Tsafrir, Di Segni and Green, 1994, p. 200
  6. ^ תוספתא דמאי, פרק א Archived October 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Conder and Conder, 1880, p. 307
  8. ^ Re'em, 2008, Budrus (West)
  9. ^ Korenfeld, 2008, Budrus (South)
  10. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 153
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 118
  12. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 30
  13. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 80
  14. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 154 Socin took it to be in the Ramla district
  15. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 140, also noted 28 houses
  16. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 296
  17. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  18. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 19
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 114
  22. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 164
  23. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
  24. ^ Budrus Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 15-16
  25. ^ Polly Pallister-Wilkins. "Radical Ground: Israeli and Palestinian Activists and Joint Protest Against the Wall". Social Movement Studies. 8 (4): 393–407. doi:10.1080/14742830903234262.
  26. ^ Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'In Budrus, no one will give us the rights – we have to struggle for them', at Haaretz, 27 July 2013
  27. ^ 'B’Tselem inquiry: No justification for shooting and killing Samir ‘Awad, 16. Budrus, 15 Jan 2013,' B’Tselem 21 February 2013.
  28. ^ IDF Probe: 80 Bullets Fired Without Justification in Death of West Bank Palestinian Ha'aretz, 16/1/2013
  29. ^ Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'A battered house, a shattered Palestinian family,' at Haaretz, 31 May 2013.
  30. ^ Video Shows Israeli Soldiers Shooting to Death a Palestinian Teen as He Tries to Flee in 2013 Incident, Yotam Berger, June 7, 2018, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]