Budrus

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Budrus
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بٌدرُس
Budrus.JPG
Budrus is located in the Palestinian territories
Budrus
Budrus
Location of Budrus within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°58′00″N 34°59′37″E / 31.96667°N 34.99361°E / 31.96667; 34.99361Coordinates: 31°58′00″N 34°59′37″E / 31.96667°N 34.99361°E / 31.96667; 34.99361
Palestine grid 149/152
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,399
Name meaning from Budrus, personal name[1]

Budrus (Arabic: بٌدرُس‎‎) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 31 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 1,399 inhabitants in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

"Budrus" is Arabic for "Peter" and in ancient times the village was known as Patris. The site of the modern town is just east of the 1949 armistice line, while the ancient town was probably 2 km away at Khirbet Budrus, on the west side of the line.[3][4] It was mentioned in the Jewish Tosefta (Demai 1)[5] as being included in the boundary of the southern mountains of Judea.[6]

Archeological remains from the Hellenistic[7] and the Byzantine eras[8] have been found.

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, Budrus appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Ramla of the Liwa of Gaza. It had a population of 46 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives or summercrops, goats or beehives and a press for olives or grapess; a total of 3,608 Akçe. 7/24 of the revenue went to a Waqf.[9]

In 1838, Budrus counted as was a Muslim village in the Gaza District,[10] noted from the tower of Ramleh.[11]

An official Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that Ebdus had a total of 28 houses and a population of 93, though the population count included men only. It also noted that it was located by Qibya and Ni'lin.[12][13]

In 1882, Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Budrus as "a small village, with olive-groves and cisterns. It has near it two sacred places (maqams), and a graveyard near one (Imam 'Aly) on the west."[14]

British Mandate era[edit]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Budrus had a population of 334; all Muslims,[15] increasing in the 1931 census to 430 Muslims in a total of 98 houses.[16]

In 1945 the population was 510, all Muslims,[17] while the total land area was 7,935 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[18] Of this, 636 dunums were plantation or irrigated, 2,412 were allotted to cereals,[19] while 18 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.[20]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Budrus came under Jordanian rule.

1967-present[edit]

Land day protest in Budrus, March 2012

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Budrus has been under Israeli occupation. Budrus is flanked on the west and north by the Israeli West Bank barrier and has regularly been the site of protests against it[21] since 2003.[22]

A boy from the village, 16-year-old Samir Awad, was shot to death in February 2013 near the separation barrier, where he reportedly had gone with friends to throw stones at soldiers. According to an investigation by B'tselem, he was shot while fleeing, once in the leg, and then further, while attempting to run away, once in the back and the head. A military investigation made a preliminary finding that the soldiers had fired in contravention of open-fire regulations.[23][24] The house of his family was later subject to assault with concussion grenades, injuring several members, while another son, Abed, was arrested and taken to an unknown destination.[25]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 227
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114.
  3. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 831
  4. ^ Tsafrir, Di Segni and Green, 1994, p. 200
  5. ^ תוספתא דמאי, פרק א Archived October 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Conder and Conder, 1880, p. 307
  7. ^ Re'em, 2008, Budrus (West)
  8. ^ Korenfeld, 2008, Budrus (South)
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 153
  10. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 118
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 30
  12. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 154
  13. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 140, also noted 28 houses
  14. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 296
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 19
  17. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 29
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 114
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 164
  21. ^ Polly Pallister-Wilkins. "Radical Ground: Israeli and Palestinian Activists and Joint Protest Against the Wall". Social Movement Studies. 8 (4): 393–407. doi:10.1080/14742830903234262. 
  22. ^ Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'In Budrus, no one will give us the rights – we have to struggle for them', at Haaretz, 27 July 2013
  23. ^ 'B’Tselem inquiry: No justification for shooting and killing Samir ‘Awad, 16. Budrus, 15 Jan 2013,' B’Tselem 21 February 2013.
  24. ^ IDF Probe: 80 Bullets Fired Without Justification in Death of West Bank Palestinian Ha'aretz, 16/1/2013
  25. ^ Gideon Levy, Alex Levac, 'A battered house, a shattered Palestinian family,' at Haaretz, 31 May 2013.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]