Buena Vista Township, New Jersey

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Buena Vista Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Buena Vista
Russian Orthodox Church
Russian Orthodox Church
Motto: "44 miles of opportunity"
Map of Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County. Inset: Location of Atlantic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Buena Vista, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Buena Vista, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°30′47″N 74°52′48″W / 39.513087°N 74.880028°W / 39.513087; -74.880028Coordinates: 39°30′47″N 74°52′48″W / 39.513087°N 74.880028°W / 39.513087; -74.880028[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Atlantic
Incorporated March 5, 1867
Named for Battle of Buena Vista
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor Chuck Chiarello (D, term ends December 31, 2017)[3]
 • Administrator Jody (Joseph) Alessandrine[4]
 • Clerk Lisa A. Tilton[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 41.529 sq mi (107.558 km2)
 • Land 41.054 sq mi (106.329 km2)
 • Water 0.475 sq mi (1.229 km2)  1.14%
Area rank 49th of 566 in state
6th of 23 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 82 ft (25 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 7,570
 • Estimate (2015)[11] 7,506
 • Rank 303rd of 566 in state
12th of 23 in county[12]
 • Density 184.4/sq mi (71.2/km2)
 • Density rank 514th of 566 in state
19th of 23 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08310 - Buena[13][14]
Area code(s) 609 exchange: 704
856 exchanges: 563, 697[15]
FIPS code 3400108710[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882048[1][18]
Website www.buenavistanj.com

Buena Vista Township (pronounced "BYOO-nuh VISS-tuh"[19][20]) is a township located in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 7,570,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 134 (+1.8%) from the 7,436 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 219 (-2.9%) from the 7,655 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

Buena Vista was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 5, 1867, from portions of Hamilton Township. Portions of the township were taken on May 23, 1906, to create Folsom, and on September 1, 1948, to create Buena Borough.[22] The name comes from the 1847 Battle of Buena Vista of the Mexican-American War.[23][24]

The township is headquarters for Troop A of the New Jersey State Police, which covers more than 2,000 square miles (5,200 km2) and 1.7 million residents.[25]

Mint

On April 26, 2004, the Buena Vista Township Committee voted to temporarily rename the community of Richland, a section of Buena Vista Township. For the first half of the month of May, Richland became Mojito, New Jersey, named after the Cuban rum drink. Bacardi had offered to give the township $5,000 for recreation projects in exchange for a sign placed on U.S. Route 40 commemorating the new name. Richland was chosen because it is home to the family-run Dalponte Farms, a major east coast supplier of mint, an essential ingredient of the mojito.[26]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 41.529 square miles (107.558 km2), including 41.054 square miles (106.329 km2) of land and 0.475 square miles (1.229 km2) of water (1.14%).[1][2]

Collings Lakes (with a 2010 population of 1,706[27]) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Buena Vista Township.[28][29][30]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Buena Acres, East Vineland, Lake Ann, Milmay, New Kuban, Newtonville, Pine Lake Estates and Richland.[31]

The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[32] Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Atlantic County, along with areas in Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties. 90% of the township's area is within the boundaries of the Pine Barrens.[33]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 948
1880 885 −6.6%
1890 1,299 46.8%
1900 1,646 26.7%
1910 2,723 * 65.4%
1920 3,647 33.9%
1930 4,176 14.5%
1940 4,067 −2.6%
1950 2,106 * −48.2%
1960 3,915 85.9%
1970 4,239 8.3%
1980 6,959 64.2%
1990 7,655 10.0%
2000 7,436 −2.9%
2010 7,570 1.8%
Est. 2015 7,506 [11][34] −0.8%
Population sources: 1870-2000[35]
1870-1920[36] 1870[37][38] 1880-1890[39]
1890-1910[40] 1910-1930[41]
1930-1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[22]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,570 people, 2,786 households, and 2,020 families residing in the township. The population density was 184.4 per square mile (71.2/km2). There were 3,008 housing units at an average density of 73.3 per square mile (28.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 78.18% (5,918) White, 13.45% (1,018) Black or African American, 0.46% (35) Native American, 1.06% (80) Asian, 0.04% (3) Pacific Islander, 4.12% (312) from other races, and 2.69% (204) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.48% (869) of the population.[8]

There were 2,786 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.19.[8]

In the township, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.8 males.[8]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there are 7,436 people residing in the township, organized into 2,648 households and 1,972 families. The population density is 179.8 people per square mile (69.4/km²). There are 2,827 housing units at an average density of 68.3 per square mile (26.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township is 77.34% White, 15.69% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.07% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. 9.27% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.[43][44]

There are 2,648 households out of which 30.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% are married couples living together, 10.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% are non-families. 21.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.77 and the average family size is 3.20.[43][44]

In the township the population is spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.6 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township is $43,770, and the median income for a family is $50,403. Males have a median income of $36,064 versus $26,180 for females. The per capita income for the township is $18,382. 12.1% of the population and 7.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.2% of those under the age of 18 and 13.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.[43][44]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Buena Vista is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][45] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2017, the members of the Buena Vista Township Committee are Mayor Chuck Chiarello (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2018; term as mayor ends 2017), Deputy Mayor Teresa Kelly (D, term on committee ends 2018; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), John P. Armato (D, 2017), Steve Martinelli (D, 2019) and John Williams (D, 2019).[46][47][48][49][50][51]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Buena Vista Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[52] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[9][53][54] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Buena Vista Township had been in the 1st state legislative district.[55]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[56] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[57] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[58][59]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 2nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jim Whelan (D, Atlantic City) and in the General Assembly by Chris A. Brown (R, Ventnor City) and Vince Mazzeo (D, Northfield).[60] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[61] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[62]

Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected executive and a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The executive serves a four-year term and the freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the freeholders represent equally populated districts.[63][64] As of 2015, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[65] Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are Chairman Frank D. Formica, Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Longport, Margate, Northfield, Somers Point and Ventnor (R, 2015),[66] Vice Chairman James A. Bertino, Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth (R, 2015),[67] Colin G. Bell, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2015),[68] John Carman, Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part) (R, 2017),[69] Ernest D. Coursey, Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville (R, 2016),[70] Richard Dase, Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic (D, 2016),[71] Alexander C. Marino, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017),[72] Will Pauls, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2016)[73] and John W. Risley, Freeholder At-Large (R, 2017).[74][75][76] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Edward P. McGettigan (2016),[77] Sheriff Frank X. Balles (R, 2017)[78] and Surrogate James Curcio (2015).[79][80]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,833 registered voters in Buena Vista Township, of which 1,406 (29.1% vs. 30.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,105 (22.9% vs. 25.2%) were registered as Republicans and 2,320 (48.0% vs. 44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[81] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 63.8% (vs. 58.8% in Atlantic County) were registered to vote, including 82.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 76.6% countywide).[81][82]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,920 votes (55.3% vs. 57.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,483 votes (42.7% vs. 41.1%) and other candidates with 36 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 3,471 ballots cast by the township's 5,068 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.5% (vs. 65.8% in Atlantic County).[83][84] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 1,910 votes (54.8% vs. 56.5% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1,504 votes (43.1% vs. 41.6%) and other candidates with 50 votes (1.4% vs. 1.1%), among the 3,486 ballots cast by the township's 5,131 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.9% (vs. 68.1% in Atlantic County).[85] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 1,747 votes (52.4% vs. 52.0% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 1,504 votes (45.1% vs. 46.2%) and other candidates with 36 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 3,333 ballots cast by the township's 4,791 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.6% (vs. 69.8% in the whole county).[86]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,347 votes (57.2% vs. 60.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 889 votes (37.7% vs. 34.9%) and other candidates with 39 votes (1.7% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,356 ballots cast by the township's 5,158 registered voters, yielding a 45.7% turnout (vs. 41.5% in the county).[87][88] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,191 votes (46.4% vs. 47.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,149 votes (44.7% vs. 44.5%), Independent Chris Daggett with 132 votes (5.1% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 37 votes (1.4% vs. 1.2%), among the 2,568 ballots cast by the township's 4,916 registered voters, yielding a 52.2% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[89]

Education[edit]

Students in public school for pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade from Buena Vista Township attend the Buena Regional School District, together with students from Buena Borough. Students are sent to the district's high school for grades 9 - 12 from both Estell Manor City and Weymouth Township as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective school districts.[90][91]

As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its five schools had an enrollment of 1,855 students and 167.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.[92] Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[93]) are Collings Lakes Elementary School[94] (175 students in grades K-3), John C. Milanesi Elementary School[95] (277; PreK-3), Dr. J.P. Cleary Elementary School[96] (4-5; 268), Buena Regional Middle School[97] (6-8; 432) and Buena Regional High School[98] (9-12; 678).[99]

Borough public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township[100] or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.[101]

Founded in 1959, St. Augustine Preparatory School is an all-male Catholic high school, operated under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[102][103]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 121.52 miles (195.57 km) of roadways, of which 90.65 miles (145.89 km) were maintained by the municipality, 21.27 miles (34.23 km) by Atlantic County and 9.60 miles (15.45 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[104]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit provides service between the Atlantic City Bus Terminal in Atlantic City and Upper Deerfield Township on the 553 route.[105][106]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
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  3. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  4. ^ Administration, Buena Vista Township. Accessed February 12, 2015.
  5. ^ Clerk's Office, Buena Vista Township. Accessed February 12, 2015.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Buena Vista, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
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  20. ^ Unusual Buena Vista, Buena Vista Township. Accessed February 12, 2015. "As a shoobie, I always pronounced it 'BWAY-nah.' It wasn't until I moved here in the mid 1990s that I learned that to the locals, it is 'BYOU-nah.'"
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  23. ^ Chiarello, Chuck. "A Brief History and Overview of Buena Vista Township", Buena Vista Township, last updated November 2012. Accessed February 12, 2015. "The name Buena Vista, which means 'good vision', was originally introduced to this area after the Mexican War by George B. Cake, a hotel owner, in 1848."
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  25. ^ Troop A Road Stations, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 10, 2016. "Troop A serves the southern geographical portion of the state from the Delaware River to the Atlantic Ocean, covering 2,104 square miles, with a population of over 1.7 million people. Troop A, with its headquarters located in Beuna Vista Township, consists of eight stations."
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  90. ^ Buena Regional School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 18, 2017. "Buena Regional School District is a comprehensive, regional public school district. The District’s three elementary and middle school serve students from Buena Vista Township and Buena Borough. The District’s high school serves students from Buena Vista Township and Buena Borough, along with students from the neighboring municipalities of Estell Manor and Weymouth Township through a sending/receiving relationship."
  91. ^ Administration, Buena Regional School District. Accessed November 27, 2014. "Students from Weymouth and Estell Manor join students from Buena Vista Township, Buena Borough."
  92. ^ District information for Buena Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  93. ^ School Data for the Buena Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  94. ^ Collings Lakes Elementary School, Buena Regional School District. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  95. ^ John C. Milanesi Elementary School, Buena Regional School District. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  96. ^ Dr. J.P. Cleary Elementary School, Buena Regional School District. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  97. ^ Buena Regional Middle School, Buena Regional School District. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  98. ^ Buena Regional High School, Buena Regional School District. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  99. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Buena Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  100. ^ Frequently Asked Questions , Atlantic County Institute of Technology. Accessed May 17, 2017. "What does it cost to attend ACIT? As a public school, there is no cost to Atlantic County residents of high school age. New Jersey Title 18A:54-20.1 entitles students the right to choose ACIT for their high school education."
  101. ^ Profile, Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  102. ^ NJAIS / MSA Self-Study Report 2012-2013, St. Augustine Preparatory School. Accessed November 10, 2016. "St. Augustine Preparatory School (locally, 'The Prep') is an independent, all male, Roman Catholic, Augustinian, four-year college preparatory school located in the Richland section of Buena Vista Township, New Jersey."
  103. ^ Catholic Schools Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed October 20, 2016.
  104. ^ Atlantic County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 16, 2013.
  105. ^ Atlantic County public transportation, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 1, 2011.
  106. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 27, 2014.

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