Bueng Kan Province

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Bueng Kan
บึงกาฬ
Province
View of a cliff side at Phu Thok
View of a cliff side at Phu Thok
Official seal of Bueng Kan
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Bueng Kan Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Bueng Kan Province
Country Thailand
Created 23March2011
Capital Bueng Kan
Government
 • Governor Phisut Butsayaphanphong (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total 4,305 km2 (1,662 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 418,566[1]
 • Rank Ranked 63rd
 • Density rank Ranked 40th
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-38[2]
Bueng Kan Province area[3]

Bueng Kan (Thai: บึงกาฬ, pronounced [bɯ̄ŋ kāːn]), also spelled Bung Kan,[4] is the 76th province (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011) on 23 March 2011.[5] The province, consisting of the districts (amphoe) partitioned off Nong Khai Province, is in the northeastern region of the country, called Isan (Thai: อีสาน). It is named after its central district, Mueang Bueng Kan.

Geography[edit]

The province is in the northeastern corner of Thailand. It borders, from the south clockwise, Nakhon Phanom, Sakon Nakhon, and Nong Khai Province. To the north and east it borders Bolikhamsai Province of Laos, with the Mekong River forming the boundary.

In Bung Khla district is the Phu Wua Wildlife Sanctuary, protecting forest-covered hills close to the Mekong River.

History[edit]

In 1994, Sumet Phromphanhao, a member of the House of Representatives from Nong Khai Province, proposed that the province of Bueng Kan be established by consolidating Amphoe Bueng Kan, Amphoe Seka, Amphoe So Phisai, Amphoe Bung Khla, Amphoe Bueng Khong Long, Amphoe Pak Khat, Amphoe Phon Charoen, and Amphoe Si Wilai of Nong Khai Province as a new province. The new province, if created, would be 4,305 km2,[6] with a population of about 390,000 inhabitants.[7] At that time, the Ministry of Interior replied that creating a new province would load a heavy burden to the state budget and was contrary to the resolution of the Council of Ministers.[8]

The proposal to create Bueng Kan Province was tabled for about 20 years, until 2010 when the Ministry of Interior renewed the project and made a proposal to the Council of Ministers to have a "Bill Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE..." (Thai: ร่างพระราชบัญญัติจัดตั้งจังหวัดบึงกาฬ พ.ศ....) considered.[7] In a poll at the time, 98.83% of the inhabitants of Nong Khai Province supported the proposal.[7] On 3 August 2010, the Council of Ministers resolved to present the bill to the National Assembly,[9][10] citing that the proposal met its criteria for approval.[11]

On 7 February 2011, the National Assembly approved the bill.[12] Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva presented it to King Bhumibol Adulyadej for royal assent. Bhumibol Adulyadej signed the bill on 11 March 2011, enacting it as the "Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011)" (Thai: พระราชบัญญัติตั้งจังหวัดบึงกาฬ พ.ศ. 2554). The act was published in the Government Gazette on 22 March 2011 and came into force the next day.[5]

Provincial seal[edit]

The provincial seal of Bueng Kan, Thailand's 77th and newest province, has a depiction of Phu Thok, a mountain in Si Wilai District, an Isan language name which means "Lonely Mountain".[13]

The provincial flower and tree is Bauhinia sirindhorniae K. and S.S. Larsen.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Bueng Kan’s climate consists wet season and dry season (between December and January). The temperature decreases during November and will be lowest in December and January. The temperature quickly increases in March, and will be highest in April.[14]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bueng Kan area

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 53 subdistricts (tambon) and 615 villages (muban).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:TH follows the Thai standard TIS 1099 Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., which in turn follows codes assigned by the Ministry of Interior. Though no number hasn't been assigned yet, 38 is the only still free number in the number range for the northeastern province.
  3. ^ "ครม.ตั้ง 'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77 แยกจากหนองคาย". Thairath. 2010-08-03. 
  4. ^ Bangkok Post - Thailand's newest province
  5. ^ a b "Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011)" (PDF). Government Gazette (in Thai). 128 (18 A): 1. 2011-03-22. 
  6. ^ ไทยรัฐ, ครม.ตั้ง 'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77 แยกจากหนองคาย, 3 สิงหาคม 2553.
  7. ^ a b c กรุงเทพธุรกิจ, ชาวอ.บึงกาฬดีใจ มท.ชงเข้าครม.ตั้งจังหวัดใหม่, 6 พฤษภาคม 2553.
  8. ^ "Question No. 176 R." (PDF). Government Gazette (in Thai). 111 (24 A): 58. 2011-03-22. 
  9. ^ หนังสือพิมพ์เดลินิวส์ ฉบับวันพุธ ที่ 4 สิงหาคม 2553 หน้า 15
  10. ^ กรุงเทพธุรกิจ, ครม.มติเห็นชอบตั้ง'บึงกาฬ' จังหวัดที่77, 3 สิงหาคม 2553.
  11. ^ ครม. มีมติตั้ง จังหวัดบึงกาฬ เป็น จังหวัดที่ 77. กระปุกดอตคอม. สืบค้น 10-12-2553.
  12. ^ วุฒิฯจัดให้ผ่านฉลุยกฎหมายจัดตั้ง 'จังหวัดบึงกาฬ'
  13. ^ "Beung Kahn Provincial Escutcheon". THAILEX Travel Encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  14. ^ บรรยายสรุปจังหวัดบึงกาฬ(in Thai)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°09′22.6″N 103°45′16″E / 18.156278°N 103.75444°E / 18.156278; 103.75444