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The buff-spotted woodpecker (Campethera nivosa) is a species of bird in the family Picidae. It is native to large parts of tropical central Africa. It has an extremely wide range and is an uncommon species, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern".
The buff-spotted woodpecker is a small species growing to a length of about 15 cm (6 in). The male has a dark olive or blackish crown and a bright red nape, with the other parts of the head whitish or buff streaked with olive. The female lacks the red nape. Both sexes have plain green upper parts, and yellowish-olive or dark olive underparts, spotted or barred with buff. The beak is curved and rather short.
Distribution and habitat
The buff-spotted woodpecker is found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. Its typical habitat is primary and secondary tropical forest at altitudes of up to about 1,800 m (5,900 ft), but most common at altitudes less than 950 m (3,100 ft).
The buff-spotted woodpecker feeds largely on black ants (Crematogaster) and termites which it finds on trees. It is an inconspicuous, silent bird, often foraging singly or in pairs in the understorey layers of the forest, or it may form part of small groups of mixed species.
The buff-spotted woodpecker has an extremely wide range and is a common species in some localities, though less so in others. No particular threats have been recognised and the population is presumed to be steady. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern".
- BirdLife International (2012). "Campethera nivosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.old-form url
- Winkler, H.; Christie, D.A. "Fine-spotted Woodpecker (Campethera nivosa)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Hans Winkler; David A. Christie (2010). Woodpeckers. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-4081-3504-4.