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Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Coordinates: 34°53′11″N 102°07′11″W / 34.88639°N 102.11972°W / 34.88639; -102.11972
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Buffalo Lake
Blind for wildlife viewing at Buffalo Lake NWR
Map showing the location of Buffalo Lake
Map showing the location of Buffalo Lake
LocationRandall County, Texas, United States
Nearest cityCanyon, Texas
Coordinates34°53′11″N 102°07′11″W / 34.88639°N 102.11972°W / 34.88639; -102.11972
Area31 km2 (12 sq mi)
Elevation1,140 m (3,740 ft)
EstablishedNational Wildlife Refuge
OperatorU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
WebsiteBuffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge is a protected area in Randall County in the Texas Panhandle. Its shortgrass prairies spill into marshes, woodlands, riparian habitat, croplands, and water-carved canyon walls that together form 7,664 acres (31.02 km2) of homes for migratory and year-round wildlife.[1] The area forms a habitat for black-tailed prairie dogs and burrowing owls, among many other species.[2] Some 175 acres (0.71 km2) of the refuge carries the designation of National Natural Landmark.[3]

Buffalo Lake NWR lies within a canyon carved by Tierra Blanca Creek, an ephemeral stream that stretches across northern portions of the Llano Estacado. The discharge of this stream is highly variable, and it is not unusual for the creek to dry out completely. At the same time, as the sole creek bed within a large drainage basin in a region prone to frequent and intense thunderstorms, it often suffers the destructive effects of flash floods. A large flood control structure, called Umbarger Dam, was constructed to impound the waters of Tierra Blanca Creek and form Buffalo Lake within the boundaries of the wildlife refuge. The ponded waters of this shallow lake can provide key roosting habitat for migrating birds.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  2. ^ USFWS. "Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  3. ^ "National Natural Landmarks - National Natural Landmarks (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-30. Year designated: 1980

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.