Buffalo rifle generally refers to large-calibre, generally single-shot black powder cartridge firearms which were used to hunt the American Bison (or "buffalo") to near-extinction in the late-19th Century. Three types of rifles in particular were used by professional buffalo hunters, namely the Springfield Rifle, Remington No. 1 otherwise known simply as the Rolling block, and Sharps rifles. The Sharps was the favorite among hunters because of its accuracy at long range.
- Smith, Clint (Oct 2001). "Buffalo Rifles of the Frontier". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Venturino, Mike (August 2006). "The buffalo hunters and their rifles: image polishing and myth busting". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.