Buffalo rifle

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The Sharps Model 1874 rifle in the .50-90 Sharps cartridge

Buffalo rifle generally refers to large-calibre, generally single-shot black powder cartridge firearms which were used to hunt the American Bison (or "buffalo") to near-extinction in the late-19th Century. Three types of rifles in particular were used by professional buffalo hunters, namely the Springfield Rifle, Remington No. 1 otherwise known simply as the Rolling block, and Sharps rifles.[1] The Sharps was the favorite among hunters because of its accuracy at long range.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Smith, Clint (Oct 2001). "Buffalo Rifles of the Frontier". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  2. ^ Venturino, Mike (August 2006). "The buffalo hunters and their rifles: image polishing and myth busting". Guns Magazine. Retrieved 19 September 2010.