Balearic green toad

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Balearic green toad
Bufotes balearicus female quadrat.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
Species: B. balearicus
Binomial name
Bufo balearicus
Boettger, 1880

Bufo variabilis var. balearica Boettger, 1880
Bufo viridis balearicus Boettger, 1880
Pseudepidalea balearica (Boettger, 1880)
Bufotes balearicus Boettger, 1880

The Balearic green toad (Bufo balearicus, Bufotes balearicus, or Pseudepidalea balearica) is a toad belonging to the true toad family, Bufonidae. It is a lowland species but can be found as high as 1,300 m (4,300 ft) asl in central Italy.[1]



In spite of the name, this species is native to Italy (where it is present on all territories except for the extreme north-east, south-east and south-west) and Corsica).[1] It was probably introduced to the Balearic Islands in prehistoric times,[2] where it is common but declining.[1]


Once considered the same as Bufo viridis, molecular genetic data now firmly support its status as a separate species.[3]

Specimen in San Vincenzo, Tuscany, calling


  1. ^ a b c d Sindaco, R.; Romano, A.; Martínez-Solano, I. (2009). "Bufotes balearicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2009: e.T153567A4517245. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T153567A4517245.en. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Hemmer, Helmut; Kadel, Beate; Kadel, Karl (1981). "The Balearic toad (Bufo viridis balearicus (BOETTGER, 1881)), human bronze age culture, and Mediterranean biogeography". Amphibia-Reptilia. 2 (3): 217–230. doi:10.1163/156853881X00041. 
  3. ^ Stöck, M.; Sicilia, A.; Belfiore, N.; Buckley, D.; Lo Brutto, S.; Lo Valvo, M.; Arculeo, M. (2008). "Post-Messinian evolutionary relationships across the Sicilian channel: Mitochondrial and nuclear markers link a new green toad from Sicily to African relatives". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 8: 56–74. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-56. PMC 2276203free to read. PMID 18294389. 

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