Blomberg's toad

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Blomberg's toad
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Rhaebo
Species: R. blombergi
Binomial name
Rhaebo blombergi
(Myers and Funkhouser, 1951)
Synonyms

Bufo blombergi Myers and Funkhouser, 1951

Blomberg's toad (Rhaebo blombergi), also known as the Colombian giant toad, is a very large species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in rainforests at altitudes between 200 and 650 metres (660 and 2,130 ft) in western Colombia (Chocó, Valle del Cauca, Cauca, and Nariño Departments) and northwestern Ecuador (Carchi, Esmeraldas, and Imbabura Provinces).[1][2][3][4] It has been recorded in Florida in 1963, apparently because of pet escape or release, but did not get established.[5]

Etymology[edit]

This species epithet commemorates Swedish explorer Rolf Blomberg who collected the type series.[4]

Description[edit]

Rhaebo blombergi are very large toads: males measure 15–17 cm (5.9–6.7 in) and females 20–25 mm (0.79–0.98 in) in snout–vent length.[4]

Life history[edit]

Fecundity of captive individuals has been 15,000–80,000 eggs of 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) in diameter. Captive individuals have an average lifespan of ten years, with the maximum reported age of 28 years.[4]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Rhaebo blombergi inhabit closed lowland tropical rainforest. They breed in pools, both temporary and permanent. It is locally common but considered near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) because of habitat loss and pollution. It is also collected for pet trade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bolívar, W., Coloma, L.A., Ron, S. & Cisneros-Heredia, D. (2004). "Rhaebo blombergi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Rhaebo blombergi (Myers and Funkhouser, 1951)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Acosta-Galvis, A.R. (2015). "Rhaebo blombergi (Myers & Funkhouser, 1951)". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V.05.2015. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d Coloma, L. A., Hoogmoed, M. S. (2014). "Rhaebo blombergi". Anfibios de Ecuador. Centro Jambatu, Fundación Otonga. Quito, Ecuador. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Rhaebo blombergi". USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Revision Date: 11/6/2003. United States Geological Survey, Gainesville, FL. 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.