Rhaebo caeruleostictus

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Rhaebo caeruleostictus
Rhaebo caeruleostictus.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Rhaebo
Species: R. caeruleostictus
Binomial name
Rhaebo caeruleostictus
(Günther, 1859)

Bufo caeruleostictus Günther, 1859
Bufo chanchanensis Fowler, 1913

Rhaebo caeruleostictus (common name: blue-spotted toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Ecuador along the lower western slope of the Cordillera Occidental at elevations of 40–2,000 m (130–6,560 ft) asl.[1][2][3][4] The specific name caeruleostictus, from Latin caeruleus (=blue) and Greek stiktos (spotted), refers to the bluish colour pattern of this species.[3][5]


Males measure 76–81 mm (3.0–3.2 in) and females 72–92 mm (2.8–3.6 in) in snout–vent length.[3][4][5] The Dorsum and sides have blueish-blackish vermiculations on orangish background (this colouration is assumed to be aposematic). Tympanum is not visible.[5] Parotoid glands are large.[4]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Its natural habitats are tropical moist forests and cloud forests.[1] It is a terrestrial species that breeds in riparian habitats.[5]

It is a rare species that is threatened by habitat loss caused by agricultural expansion, logging, and wood plantations.[1] It has not been seen since 1997, and it might be extinct.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d Cisneros-Heredia, D.; Almandáriz, A.; Yánez-Muñoz, M.; Coloma, L.A. & Ron, S. (2004). "Rhaebo caeruleostictus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Rhaebo caeruleostictus (Günther, 1859)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Coloma, L. A.; Hoogmoed, M. S. (2014). "Rhaebo caeruleostictus". Anfibios de Ecuador. Centro Jambatu, Fundación Otonga. Quito, Ecuador. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Coloma, L. A.; Ron, S. R.; Frenkel, C.; Félix-Novoa, C. & Quiguango-Ubillús, A. (2010–2014). "Rhaebo caeruleostictus". Ron, S. R., Guayasamin, J. M., Yanez-Muñoz, M. H., Merino-Viteri, A., Ortiz, D. A. and Nicolalde, D. A. 2014. AmphibiaWebEcuador. Version 2014.0. Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (QCAZ). Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Arteaga, A.; Bustamante, L. & Guayasamin, J. M. (2013). The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. Quito: Universitad Tecnológica Indoamérica. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-9942-13-496-7.