Mountain toad

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Mountain toad
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: I. cavifrons
Binomial name
Incilius cavifrons
(Firschein, 1950)
Bufo cavifrons distribution.svg

Bufo cavifrons Firschein, 1950
Cranopsis cavifrons (Firschein, 1950)

The mountain toad (Incilius cavifrons) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to the Sierra de los Tuxtlas region in southern Veracruz state, Mexico.[1][2]

Its natural habitats are tropical pine-oak forests. It breeds in streams.[1]

This naturally rare species is threatened by habitat loss caused by agricultural activities, wood extraction, and infrastructure development.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Santos-Barrera, G. & Flores-Villela, O. (2004). "Incilius cavifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Incilius cavifrons (Firschein, 1950)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 December 2014.