Jeweled toad

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Jeweled toad
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: I. gemmifer
Binomial name
Incilius gemmifer
(Taylor, 1940)

Bufo gemmifer Taylor, 1940
Cranopsis gemmifer (Taylor, 1940)
Ollotis gemmifer (Taylor, 1940)

The jeweled toad (Incilius gemmifer) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Mexico and known from the Pacific Coast between Acapulco (Guerrero state) and Jamiltepec (Oaxaca state).[2] Its natural habitats are xeric and deciduous forests. It is a rare species threatened by habitat loss caused by agricultural expansion, wood extraction, and the expansion of plantations.[1]


  1. ^ a b Santos-Barrera, G. & Flores-Villela, O. (2004). "Incilius gemmifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T54650A11181587. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Incilius gemmifer (Taylor, 1940)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 December 2015.