Incilius nebulifer

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Incilius nebulifer
Bufo nebulifer.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: I. nebulifer
Binomial name
Incilius nebulifer
(Girard, 1854)[2]
Bufo nebulifer distribution.svg

Bufo granulosus Baird and Girard, 1852 (preoccupied by Bufo globulosus Spix, 1824)
Bufo nebulifer Girard, 1854
Cranopsis nebulifer (Girard, 1854)

Incilius nebulifer, also known as the coastal plains toad or Gulf coast toad, is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found on the coast of Gulf of Mexico from Veracruz in Mexico to Mississippi in the United States. It was removed from the synonymy of Incilius valliceps in 2000.[2] It occurs in a wide range of habitats, both natural and human-altered: coastal prairies, barrier beaches, towns, etc. Breeding takes place in various kinds of pools, including roadside and irrigation ditches. This widespread and common toad is not threatened.[1]


Reference photos
Head view of a toad
Coastal plains toad, head details 
Lateral view of a toad
Coastal plains toad, lateral view 


  1. ^ a b Hammerson, G.; Canseco-Márquez, L. (2004). "Incilius nebulifer". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Incilius nebulifer (Girard, 1854)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 6 April 2015.