Korean water toad

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Korean Water Toad
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo (?)
Species: B. stejnegeri
Binomial name
Bufo stejnegeri
Schmidt, 1931

The Korean water toad, Bufo stejnegeri, also sometimes known as the Korean toad or water toad, is a species of toad found in East Asia. Two distinct populations are known to exist, one in eastern Liaoning province of northeastern China, and one in the central mountains of the Korean Peninsula.[1] Within South Korea, it is found in eastern Gyeonggi (specifically Gapyeong) and also in Gangwon-do (particularly the Odaesan mountain complex). In addition, it is expected that there are or have been additional populations in the region between central Korea and Liaoning.

The Korean water toad is found inland, at elevations from 200 to 700 meters above sea level. As its name suggests, it favors water, and is typically found in wooded riparian areas.[1] Breeding and egg-laying take place in the waters of streams and rivers. The water toad is typically nocturnal, but is also active during the day during the summer rains.

Because of their superficial similarity to frogs, Korean water toads are sometimes eaten. However, like other toads, they are poisonous. A case of severe poisoning from a digoxin-like immunoreactive substance was reported in 1998.[2]

The classification of the Korean water toad into the genus Bufo was challenged in a 2006 paper.[3] However, no alternative classification was proposed and the species is thus technically "unassigned to genus."[4]


  1. ^ a b c Matsui, M. & Zhao, W. (2004). "Bufo stejnegeri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "A Case of Digoxin-like Immunoreactive Substance (DLIS) Poisoning After Ingestion of Fried Water Toad (Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt)". KoreaMed. Retrieved 2007-06-07. 
  3. ^ Frost, D. R.; Grant, T.; Faivovich, J. N.; Bain, R. H.; Haas, A.; Haddad, C. L. F. B.; De Sá, R. O.; Channing, A.; Wilkinson, M.; Donnellan, S. C.; Raxworthy, C. J.; Campbell, J. A.; Blotto, B. L.; Moler, P.; Drewes, R. C.; Nussbaum, R. A.; Lynch, J. D.; Green, D. M.; Wheeler, W. C. (2006). "The Amphibian Tree of Life". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 297: 1–291. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/5781. 
  4. ^ "Bufo stejnegeri". Amphibian Species of the World 5.0. Retrieved 3 November 2012.