Buhl-Verville CA-3 Airster
|Designer||Alfred Verville, Etienne Dormoy|
The Buhl-Verville CA-3 Airster (also known as the J4 Airster, after its engine), was a utility aircraft built in the United States in 1926, notable as the first aircraft to receive a type certificate in the US, ·  ·  (i.e. A.T.C. No. 1) issued by the Aeronautics Branch of the Department of Commerce on March 29, 1927. It was a conventional single-bay biplane with equal-span unstaggered wings and accommodation for the pilot and passengers in tandem open cockpits. Marketed for a variety of roles including crop-dusting, aerial photography, and freight carriage, only a handful were built, some with water-cooled engines as the CW-3, and others with air-cooled engines as the CA-3 . One CA-3 placed second in the 1926 Ford National Reliability Air Tour.
1926 Ford Air Tour, piloted by Louis Meister, and another (designated the CA-3A) placed third in the 1927 Air Derby, piloted by Nick Mamer. One CW-3 and one CA-3 each were evaluated by the United States Army as trainers, but neither were purchased.
- CA-3 Airster (1926) aka J4 Airster or B-V Airster
- 200 hp Wright J-4 (a.k.a. J-4 Whirlwind)
- Folding wings
- awarded the first ATC ever issued, March 1927 (ATC 1, 2-6)
- one modified under ATC 2-6 as 2p with 220 hp Wright J-5 as a trainer for Army trials
- CA-3A Airster (1926)
- 225 hp Wright J-5
- 3 built
- cost: $9,300
- CA-3B Airster (1926)
- one built
- CW-3 OX5 Airster (1925)
- 90hp Curtiss OX-5
- useful load: 770 lbs
- range: 475 miles
- Folding wings
- three built
- CW-3 Wright Trainer (1926)
- 220 hp Wright J-5
- useful load: 885 lbs
- range: 450 miles
- one built for unsuccessful military trainer trials
- Crew: One pilot
- Capacity: 2 passengers
- Length: 24 ft 4 in (7.42 m)
- Wingspan: 35 ft 8 in (10.87 m)
- Maximum speed: 125 mph (200 km/h)
- Range: 440 miles (710 km)
- max useful load: 885 lbs
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buhl-Verville CA-3 Airster.|
- "Verville Sport Trainer AT". Aviation-history.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
- "The First Federal Aircraft Type Certificate" (PDF). www.faa.gov. 1927.
- "ATCs". Aerofiles.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
- Forden, Lesley. The Ford Air Tours: 1925-1931. New Brighton Minnesota: Aviation Foundation of America, 2003, First edition 1972. No ISBN.
- "Flight Global Magazine, April 8th, 1927, page 209". Flightglobal.com. 1926-04-08. Retrieved 2014-05-09.