Buick Enclave

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Buick Enclave
2013 Buick Enclave -- 2012 NYIAS 1.JPG
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
ProductionApril 11, 2007–present
Model years2008–present
Body and chassis
ClassLarge family[1] crossover SUV
Body style4-door SUV
Chronology
PredecessorBuick Rainier
Buick Rendezvous
Buick Terraza
Pontiac Montana SV6

The Buick Enclave is a mid-size[2] crossover SUV first launched in 2008. The Enclave, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave was previewed at the 2006 North American International Auto Show,[3] officially as a concept car, making it the first Lambda vehicle to be displayed. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show.

The Enclave replaced both of Buick's SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. As of February 2014, the 2014 Enclave was the top-ranked Affordable Midsize SUV in U.S. News & World Report's rankings.[4] The second-generation Enclave was officially revealed at the 2017 New York Auto Show in New York, New York.[5]

First generation (2008–2017)[edit]

First generation
Buick Enclave.jpg
Overview
ProductionApril 11, 2007[6]–2017
Model years2008–2017
AssemblyLansing Delta Township Assembly,
Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.
Shanghai, China (Shanghai GM)
Body and chassis
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformGM Lambda platform
RelatedChevrolet Traverse
GMC Acadia
Saturn Outlook
Powertrain
Engine3.6 L LY7 V6 (275 hp)
3.6 L LLT V6 (288 hp)
Transmission6-speed 6T75 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase118.9 in (3,020 mm)
Length201.8 in (5,126 mm) (2008–2012)
201.9 in (5,128 mm) (2013–2017)
Width79 in (2,007 mm)
Height72.2 in (1,834 mm) (2008–2009)
72.5 in (1,842 mm) (2010–2013)
71.7 in (1,821 mm) (2013–2017)
Curb weight4,780–4,985 lb (2,168–2,261 kg)

Features[edit]

The Enclave has seating for seven passengers, with an optional second row bench seat instead of the standard two captain chairs which increases the seating to eight. It comes standard with front-wheel drive with an option of all-wheel drive.

The Enclave shares powertrains with its Lambda siblings. For its first year of production, the Enclave was powered by a 275 hp (205 kW) 3.6 L High Feature V6 engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission.[7] For the 2009 model, an upgraded power boost for the 3.6 L V6 Direct Injection Spark Ignition VVT is now at 288 hp (215 kW) and 270 lb⋅ft (370 N⋅m) of torque standard (also standard on other 2009 Lambdas). The latter direct-injection engine offers a broader torque curve, and brings fuel economy to 17 mpg‑US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg‑imp)/24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg‑imp) for FWD models and 16 mpg‑US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg‑imp)/22 mpg‑US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg‑imp) for AWD models, according to the new United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates. The Lambda vehicles are built at GM's new Delta Township Assembly plant near Lansing, Michigan, and production of the Enclave commenced on April 11, 2007,[6] with the first vehicles reaching certain dealers by the end of the month. The Enclave debuted with a starting price of $32,790.[7]

The Enclave is often praised for its subsequently vast cargo space while maintaining the relatively dynamic nature of unibody construction over the conventional body-on-frame. It is also praised for being one of the quietest vehicles available for sale in the United States, as well as for the quality of the interior.[8]

In its first year of production, the Enclave was often criticized for its 6-speed transmission, which was "hesitant to downshift."[8] For 2009, though, the powertrain is regarded as more competent with more abundant torque. For its entire production, it has been regarded as too heavy, weighing nearly 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) with all-wheel-drive. Buick's VentiPorts have reappeared at the Enclave's introduction, a styling feature unique to Buick dating back to 1949.

Initial sales of the Enclave have been very strong, with demand far exceeding production capacity, forcing GM to add a third shift to the Delta Township plant.

With the arrival of the Buick Envision (which is slotted between the Enclave and Buick Encore) to North America in 2016 (for the 2017 model year), the Enclave will be bigger after Envision's debut, and the 2017 model year Enclave will be the last under the first generation platform.

2013 facelift[edit]

GM unveiled the 2013 Buick Enclave on April 3, 2012, one day before its official debut at the New York Auto Show.[9] The 2013 model features revised exterior styling including a new chrome waterfall grille, xenon headlights with LED running lights, LED Foglights, and LED taillights.[10] Interior updates include a redesigned dashboard with more soft-touch materials, wood and chrome accents, blue ambient lighting, and touchscreen IntelliLink infotainment display. Among safety features are seven standard airbags, including an industry-first front center airbag, and available blind-spot monitoring.[11]

Markets[edit]

Sales in the United States and Canada began in 2007 during the 2008 model year. In 2008, General Motors began exporting the Enclave to China, to be sold through Shanghai GM's Buick network.[12]

The Buick brand has been relaunched in Mexico for the 2010 model year, bringing the Enclave to that market.[13]

Second generation (2018–present)[edit]

Second generation
Buick Enclave P4250802.jpg
Overview
Production2017–present
Model years2018–present
AssemblyLansing Delta Township Assembly,
Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.
Body and chassis
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformGM C1XX platform
RelatedGMC Acadia
Chevrolet Traverse
Cadillac XT5
Powertrain
Engine3.6 L LFY V6 (gasoline)[14]
TransmissionGM 9-speed 9T65 Accum automatic[15]
Dimensions
Wheelbase120.9 in (3,070 mm)
Length204.3 in (5,190 mm)
Width78.8 in (2,000 mm)
Height69.9 in (1,780 mm)
Curb weight5,100 lb (2,300 kg)

On April 11, 2017, exactly 10 years after the first Enclave was produced, Buick unveiled the second generation Enclave at the Pier 59 Studios during the 2017 New York Auto Show. With the introduction of the compact Buick Envision in 2016 and the launching of the Opel Insignia-badged Buick Regal TourX wagon, the next generation Enclave moved upmarket, competing with the Volvo XC90, Infiniti QX60, and Acura MDX in the premium crossover SUV market.[15][16][17]

The top-of-the-range Enclave Avenir
Rear view

The long-wheelbase version of GM’s C1XX chassis sharing the same platform with the Chevrolet Traverse, the second generation Enclave moves away from the egg-shaped design but retains some elements of the previous generation, displaying a sleeker aerodynamic appearance, a lower roofline, and the introduction of the Evonik Acrylite exterior forward lighting flanking Buick's new three-dimensional mesh grille with chrome wings.

Powered by a 3.6-liter V-6 mated to a new nine-speed automatic transmission, it will produce 310 hp (231 kW) with 266 ft⋅lb (361 N⋅m) torque. The second generation Enclave will come in standard Front-drive or available with Intelligent AWD with an active twin-clutch rear differential, which will compliment Its first switchable all-wheel-drive system.

There will be three level trims, including a new top of the line premium Avenir sub-brand, when it goes on sale in the Fall of 2017.[18]

Sales in the United States[edit]

Calendar year Sales
2007 29,286[19]
2008 44,706
2009 43,150[20]
2010 55,426[21]
2011 58,392[22]
2012 56,703
2013 60,534[23]
2014 62,300[24]
2015 62,081[25]
2016 52,028[26]
2017 48,564[27]

Awards[edit]

The Enclave received the Best New SUV / CUV (over C$60,000) from the AJAC in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Buick enclave size". 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Buick enclave size". 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Buick shows off Enclave crossover concept; production version due in '07". AutoWeek. January 8, 2006. Retrieved January 9, 2006.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2010-10-25.
  5. ^ http://www.autonews.com/article/20170221/OEM04/170229977/buick-enclave-grows-more-muscular-for-2018
  6. ^ a b Tutor, Chris (April 11, 2007). "Canadians, get out your wallets: Buick sets pricing for Enclave". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-12-23.
  7. ^ a b Lassa, Todd (May 29, 2007). "2008 Buick Enclave – First Drive". Motor Trend. Retrieved October 28, 2007.
  8. ^ a b "2009 Buick Enclave Review". edmunds.com. Retrieved 2009-03-08.
  9. ^ "2013 Buick Enclave debuts with new look over same drivetrain". Retrieved 2012-04-03.
  10. ^ Barari, Arman (ed.). "2013 Buick Enclave Lightning Technology". BestCarsGuide.
  11. ^ "2013 Buick Enclave". Archived from the original on 2012-04-07. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
  12. ^ Jeremy Korzeniewski (July 29, 2008). "Buick Enclave gets passport for sale in China". AutoBlog. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  13. ^ Loriana Marietta (August 26, 2009). "Buick Prepares Return to Mexico". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  14. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave". GM Authority. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  15. ^ a b "A buff new Buick Enclave". Automotive News. 25 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  16. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave Shows Off New Front Grille" from Motor Trend (March 14, 2017)
  17. ^ Counts, Reese (July 18, 2016). "2018 Buick Enclave slims down for spy shots". Autoblog. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  18. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave Avenir First Look: Redesigned Flagship Crossover is Ready" from Motor Trend (April 11, 2017)
  19. ^ "GM Reports 323,453 December Deliveries; 3.87 Million Vehicles Sold in 2007" (Press release). General Motors. January 3, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls
  21. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/dam/Media/gmcom/investor/2011/DeliveriesDecember2010.pdf
  22. ^ "Sales: December 2011 – General Motors – Cheers & Gears: Forums". Cheersandgears.com. 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  23. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2013" (PDF). General Motors. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
  24. ^ "GM Deliveries up 19 percent in Blockbuster December". General Motors. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
  25. ^ "GM, Chevrolet Lead with Industry's Largest Retail Market Share Increases of 2015". General Motors. 2016-01-05. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  26. ^ "Chevrolet and GM Lead U.S. Retail Sales and Share Gains for 2016". General Motors. 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  27. ^ http://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/home.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2018/jan/0103-gmsales.html

External links[edit]