Buick Enclave

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Buick Enclave
2019 Buick Enclave Avenir AWD front NYIAS 2019.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
ProductionApril 11, 2007 – present
Model years2008–present
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size crossover SUV (2007-2017)
Mid-size crossover SUV (2018-present)
Body style4-door SUV
Chronology
PredecessorBuick Rainier
Buick Rendezvous
Buick Terraza

The Buick Enclave is a mid-size 3-row crossover SUV launched in 2008. The Enclave, the Saturn Outlook, the GMC Acadia, and Chevrolet Traverse all share the GM Lambda platform. The Enclave was previewed at the 2006 North American International Auto Show,[1] officially as a concept car, making it the first Lambda vehicle to be displayed. The Enclave is partially based on the Buick Centieme concept shown at the 2003 Detroit Auto Show.

The Enclave replaced both of Buick's SUVs, the minivan-based Rendezvous and the truck-based Rainier, as well as the Terraza minivan. In 2014, the Enclave was the top-ranked "Affordable Midsize SUV" in U.S. News & World Report.[2] The second-generation Enclave was officially revealed at the 2017 New York Auto Show.[3]

First generation (2008)[edit]

First generation
Buick Enclave.jpg
Overview
ProductionApril 11, 2007[4]–2017
Model years2008–2017
AssemblyLansing Delta Township Assembly,
Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.
DesignerJack Folden[5]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door SUV
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformGM Lambda platform
RelatedChevrolet Traverse
GMC Acadia
Saturn Outlook
Powertrain
Engine3.6 L LY7 V6 (275 hp)
3.6 L LLT V6 (288 hp)
Transmission6-speed 6T75 automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase118.9 in (3,020 mm)
Length201.8 in (5,126 mm) (2008–2012)
201.9 in (5,128 mm) (2013–2017)
Width79 in (2,007 mm)
Height72.2 in (1,834 mm) (2008–2009)
72.5 in (1,842 mm) (2010–2013)
71.7 in (1,821 mm) (2013–2017)
Curb weight4,780–4,985 lb (2,168–2,261 kg)

Features[edit]

Rear view

The Enclave has seating for seven passengers, with an optional second row bench seat instead of the standard two captain chairs which increases the seating to eight. It comes standard with front-wheel drive with an option of all-wheel drive.

The Enclave shares powertrains with its Lambda siblings. For its first year of production, the Enclave was powered by a 275 hp (205 kW) 3.6 L High Feature V6 engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission.[6] For the 2009 model, an upgraded power boost for the 3.6 L V6 Spark Ignition Direct Injection VVT is now at 288 hp (215 kW) and 270 lb⋅ft (366 N⋅m) of torque standard (also standard on other 2009 Lambdas). The latter direct-injection engine offers a broader torque curve, and brings fuel economy to 17 mpg‑US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg‑imp)/24 mpg‑US (9.8 L/100 km; 29 mpg‑imp) for FWD models and 16 mpg‑US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg‑imp)/22 mpg‑US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg‑imp) for AWD models, according to the new United States Environmental Protection Agency estimates. The Lambda vehicles are built at GM's new Delta Township Assembly plant near Lansing, Michigan, and production of the Enclave commenced on April 11, 2007,[4] with the first vehicles reaching certain dealers by the end of the month. The Enclave debuted with a starting price of $32,790.[6]

The Enclave is often praised for its subsequently vast cargo space while maintaining the relatively dynamic nature of unibody construction over the conventional body-on-frame. It is also praised for being one of the quietest vehicles available for sale in the United States, as well as for the quality of the interior.[7]

In its first year of production, the Enclave was often criticized for its 6-speed transmission, which was "hesitant to downshift."[7] For 2009, though, the powertrain is regarded as more competent with more abundant torque. For its entire production, it has been regarded as too heavy, weighing nearly 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg) with all-wheel-drive. Buick's VentiPorts have reappeared at the Enclave's introduction, a styling feature unique to Buick dating back to 1949.

Initial sales of the Enclave have been very strong, with demand far exceeding production capacity, forcing GM to add a third shift to the Delta Township plant.

With the arrival of the Buick Envision (which is slotted between the Enclave and Buick Encore) to North America in 2016 (for the 2017 model year), the Enclave will be bigger after Envision's debut, and the 2017 model year Enclave will be the last under the first generation platform.

2013 facelift[edit]

Buick Enclave

GM unveiled the 2013 Buick Enclave on April 3, 2012, one day before its official debut at the New York Auto Show.[8] The 2013 model features revised exterior styling including a new chrome waterfall grille, xenon headlights with LED running lights, LED Foglights, and LED taillights.[9] Interior updates include a redesigned dashboard with more soft-touch materials, wood and chrome accents, blue ambient lighting, and touchscreen IntelliLink infotainment display. Among safety features are seven standard airbags, including an industry-first front center airbag, and available blind-spot monitoring.[10]

Markets[edit]

Sales in the United States and Canada began in 2007 during the 2008 model year. In 2008, General Motors began exporting the Enclave to China, to be sold through Shanghai GM's Buick network.[11]

The Buick brand has been relaunched in Mexico for the 2010 model year, bringing the Enclave to that market.[12]

Second generation (2018)[edit]

Second generation
2019 Buick Enclave 3.6L, front 8.25.19.jpg
Overview
Production2017–present
2019–present (China)
Model years2018–present
2020–present (China)
AssemblyLansing Delta Township Assembly,
Delta Township, Michigan, U.S.
Jinqiao, Pudong, Shanghai, China (SAIC-GM)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door SUV
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive
PlatformGM C1XX platform
GM C1XX short wheelbase platform (China)
RelatedGMC Acadia
Chevrolet Traverse
Cadillac XT6
Chevrolet Blazer
Powertrain
Engine2.0 L LSY I4 (gasoline) (China)
3.6 L LFY V6 (gasoline)[13]
TransmissionGM 9-speed 9T65 automatic[14]
Dimensions
Wheelbase120.9 in (3,071 mm)
112.7 in (2,863 mm) (China)
Length204.3 in (5,189 mm)
196.1 in (4,981 mm) (China)
Width78.8 in (2,002 mm)
76.9 in (1,953 mm) (China)
Height69.9 in (1,775 mm)
68.2 in (1,732 mm) (China)
Curb weight4,359–4,685 lb (1,977–2,125 kg)
4,140–4,520 lb (1,880–2,050 kg) (China)
The top-of-the-range Enclave Avenir
Rear view

On April 11, 2017, exactly 10 years after the first Enclave was produced, Buick unveiled the second generation Enclave at the Pier 59 Studios during the 2017 New York Auto Show. With the introduction of the compact Buick Envision in 2016 and the launching of the Opel Insignia-badged Buick Regal TourX wagon, the next generation Enclave moved upmarket, competing with the Volvo XC90, Infiniti QX60, and Acura MDX in the premium crossover SUV market. The second generation Enclave went on sale in the Fall of 2017 as a 2018 model.[14][15][16]

The long-wheelbase version of GM’s C1XX chassis sharing the same platform with the Chevrolet Traverse, the second generation Enclave moved away from the egg-shaped design but retains some elements of the previous generation, displaying a sleeker aerodynamic appearance, a lower roofline, and the introduction of the Evonik Acrylite exterior forward lighting flanking Buick's new three-dimensional mesh grille with chrome wings.

Powered by a 3.6-liter V-6 mated to a new nine-speed automatic transmission, it produces 310 hp (231 kW) with 266 ft⋅lb (361 N⋅m) torque. The second generation Enclave comes in standard Front-drive or available with Intelligent AWD with an active twin-clutch rear differential, which complements its first switchable all-wheel-drive system. There are three level trims, including a new top of the line premium Avenir sub-brand.[17]

2022 Facelift[edit]

In Early 2020, General Motors initially had plans of launching a face-lifted version of the Buick Enclave in mid to late 2020 as a 2021 model year vehicle. The face-lift will adopt many design elements and features along with new LED headlights and taillights already seen on the Chinese version of the Buick Enclave. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, General Motors delayed launch and production of the face-lifted Enclave to 2021 as 2022 model year vehicle.[18][19]

Chinese version[edit]

On October 22, 2019, Buick unveiled the Chinese-market Enclave. It is a "mid-size plus" version of the Enclave which utilizes GM's C1 short wheelbase platform. It went on sale in that region in late 2019. While it has the similar features as the full-size North American Enclave, the Chinese version is shorter with a design different from its counterpart; there are no plans to make it available in North America. Buick planned to name the Chinese version "Envoy" (a name previously used on a GMC midsize SUV in North America from 1998 to 2007) but elected to use the Enclave name instead.[20][21]

The Chinese Enclave features GM's Electronic Precision Shift technology, and is equipped exclusively with a turbocharged 2.0L LSY engine that makes 233 horsepower, mated to the new GM 9-speed automatic transmission.[22]

Sales[edit]

Calendar year United States China[23]
2007 29,286[24] N/A
2008 44,706
2009 43,150[25]
2010 55,426[26]
2011 58,392[27]
2012 56,703
2013 60,534[28]
2014 62,300[29]
2015 62,081[30]
2016 52,028[31]
2017 48,564[32]
2018 49,647[33]
2019 51,156[34] 5,565

Awards[edit]

The Enclave received the Best New SUV / CUV (over C$60,000) from the AJAC in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Buick shows off Enclave crossover concept; production version due in '07". AutoWeek. January 8, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2006.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://www.autonews.com/article/20170221/OEM04/170229977/buick-enclave-grows-more-muscular-for-2018
  4. ^ a b Tutor, Chris (April 11, 2007). "Canadians, get out your wallets: Buick sets pricing for Enclave". Autoblog. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
  5. ^ Leblanc, John. "Road test: 2008 Buick Enclave Preview". Driving.ca. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Lassa, Todd (May 29, 2007). "2008 Buick Enclave – First Drive". Motor Trend. Retrieved October 28, 2007.
  7. ^ a b "2009 Buick Enclave Review". edmunds.com. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
  8. ^ "2013 Buick Enclave debuts with new look over same drivetrain". Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  9. ^ Barari, Arman (ed.). "2013 Buick Enclave Lightning Technology". BestCarsGuide. Archived from the original on January 2, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  10. ^ "2013 Buick Enclave". Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  11. ^ Jeremy Korzeniewski (July 29, 2008). "Buick Enclave gets passport for sale in China". AutoBlog. Retrieved November 10, 2009.
  12. ^ Loriana Marietta (August 26, 2009). "Buick Prepares Return to Mexico". Edmunds Inside Line. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  13. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave". GM Authority. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "A buff new Buick Enclave". Automotive News. July 25, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  15. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave Shows Off New Front Grille" from Motor Trend (March 14, 2017)
  16. ^ Counts, Reese (July 18, 2016). "2018 Buick Enclave slims down for spy shots". Autoblog. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  17. ^ "2018 Buick Enclave Avenir First Look: Redesigned Flagship Crossover is Ready" from Motor Trend (April 11, 2017)
  18. ^ https://thenewswheel.com/2021-buick-enclave-refresh-postponed-to-2022-model-year/
  19. ^ https://gmauthority.com/blog/2020/05/buick-enclave-refresh-pushed-back-to-2022-model-year/
  20. ^ "Buick Pre-Announces All New Enclave For End This Year" from GM Authority (April 24, 2019)
  21. ^ "All-New Buick Enclave Leaked For China" from GM Authority (August 16, 2019)
  22. ^ "This Is The All New Buick Enclave Crossover For China" from GM Authority (October 22, 2019)
  23. ^ "Buick Enclave China Sales".
  24. ^ "GM Reports 323,453 December Deliveries; 3.87 Million Vehicles Sold in 2007" (Press release). General Motors. January 3, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls
  26. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/dam/Media/gmcom/investor/2011/DeliveriesDecember2010.pdf
  27. ^ "Sales: December 2011 – General Motors – Cheers & Gears: Forums". Cheersandgears.com. March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  28. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2013" (PDF). General Motors. January 3, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2014.
  29. ^ "GM Deliveries up 19 percent in Blockbuster December". General Motors. January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  30. ^ "GM, Chevrolet Lead with Industry's Largest Retail Market Share Increases of 2015". General Motors. January 5, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2016.
  31. ^ "Chevrolet and GM Lead U.S. Retail Sales and Share Gains for 2016". General Motors. January 4, 2017. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  32. ^ http://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/home.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2018/jan/0103-gmsales.html
  33. ^ https://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/home.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2019/jan/0103-gmsales.html
  34. ^ "GM Sells More Than 1 Million Crossovers Again in 2019, and Over 1 Million Full-Size Trucks". January 3, 2020.

External links[edit]