Buick Lucerne

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Buick Lucerne
Buick Lucerne CXL .jpg
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 2005-2011
Model years 2006–2011
Assembly Hamtramck, Michigan, United States
Body and chassis
Class Fullsize luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform G platform
Related Cadillac DTS
Engine 3.8 L 3800 Series III V6
3.9 L High Value V6
4.6 L Northstar V8
Transmission 4-speed 4T65-E automatic (V6)
4-speed 4T80-E automatic (V8)
Wheelbase 115.6 in (2,936 mm)
Length 203.2 in (5,161 mm)
Width 73.8 in (1,875 mm)
Height 58.0 in (1,473 mm)
Predecessor Buick LeSabre
Buick Park Avenue
Successor Buick LaCrosse

The Buick Lucerne is a full-size luxury car that was made by General Motors. The Lucerne served as Buick's flagship vehicle until 2011. In 2012, the Buick LaCrosse became Buick's flagship model.

Named for the city of Lucerne, Switzerland, it served as Buick's top of the line model until replaced by the second generation Buick LaCrosse.


The Lucerne replaced both the upscale LeSabre and top of the line Park Avenue in the Buick line-up, with a base price below The Lucerne's that could equal the Park Avenue's with the V8 option. It was based on a revised G platform, though GM continued to refer to it as the H.[1]

It was introduced with the standard 3.8 liter Buick V6 (also known as the GM 3800 engine), with a 4.6 litre Cadillac Northstar LD8 V8 and the Chevrolet Corvette's Magnetic Ride Control active suspension available as options. All General Motors 3.8 L V6 powered cars become the first SULEV-compliant vehicles.

In keeping with Buick tradition, the Lucerne featured a row of "Ventiports" on the front fenders corresponding to the number of cylinders in the engine — three on each side for the V6 or four for the V8. The CXL trim package added numerous premium features.

The Lucerne was built at GM's Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly Plant alongside the Cadillac DTS. The plant won Initial Quality Awards from J.D. Power and Associates from 2004 through 2006. GM leads all other automakers in Strategic Vision's Total Quality Index (TQI) [2]

2011 Buick Lucerne CX

Sales remained brisk throughout much of 2007. Two new trim levels, CXL Special Edition (with more standard features than regular CXL) and Super, were added for 2008.

The Super was Introduced at the 2007 New York Auto Show, featuring the sophisticated 4.6 litre Northstar L37 V8 and upscale trim. In addition to 17 hp (13 kW) extra horsepower over the CXS V8, updated front end styling and a rear spoiler created a bolder, sportier look.

All Lucernes got modest mid-life updates in 2008, including a lane departure warning system and revised exterior colors.

The 2009 Lucerne received some small upgrades, including a new base engine, the 3.9 L GM High Value LZ9 V6, Bluetooth phone connectivity, and XM NavTraffic. Flex-fuel technology was made available at no additional cost.[3]

For 2010, the Super's rocker panels, grille, and fog lights were added to the entire Lucerne lineup.

The 2011 Lucerne was unchanged. The last was built on June 15, 2011.[4] The second generation LaCrosse replaced it as Buick's flagship for 2012.[5]


Years Engine Displacement Power Torque
2006–2008[6] 3.8 L 3800 L26 V6 231 cu in (3791 cc) 197 hp (147 kW) @ 5200 rpm 233 lb·ft (316 N·m) @ 3800 rpm
2009–2011[7] 3.9 L GM 3900 V6 237 cu in (3880 cc) 227 hp (169 kW) @ 5700 rpm 237 lb·ft (321 N·m) @ 3200 rpm
2006–2008[6] 4.6 L Northstar LD8 V8 279 cu in (4565 cc) 275 hp (205 kW) @ 6000 rpm 295 lb·ft (400 N·m) @ 4400 rpm
2008–2011[6] 4.6 L Northstar L37 V8 279 cu in (4565 cc) 292 hp (218 kW) @ 6300 rpm 288 lb·ft (390 N·m) @ 4500 rpm


The Buick Lucerne earns a "Good" overall score in the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) front impact test,[8] and an "Acceptable" score in the side impact test.[9] The IIHS also found that 2006-08 model year Lucerne had the highest fatality rate in the large 4-door car class.[10]

Yearly American sales[edit]

Calendar Year Total American sales
2005[11] 8,821
2006[12] 96,515
2007 82,923
2008[13] 54,930
2009[14] 31,292
2010[15] 26,459
2011[16] 20,358
2012[17] 971


  1. ^ Frame, Phil (16 January 1995). "GM H CARS MOVE TO G PLATFORM". Automotive News. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Strategic Vision (2006). Total Quality Index MSN Autos
  3. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2008-04-18). "(2008)". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  4. ^ "US: GM axes Cadillac DTS and Buick Lucerne". just-auto.com. 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2011-06-05. 
  5. ^ http://cars.about.com/od/buick/
  6. ^ a b c 2008 specs Archived October 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ 2009 specs Archived August 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Buick Lucerne". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  9. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Buick Lucerne". Iihs.org. 2008-11-25. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  10. ^ http://www.iihs.org/externaldata/srdata/docs/sr4605.pdf
  11. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2006-01-04. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  12. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2007-01-03. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  13. ^ "GM Media Online". Media.gm.com. 2009-01-05. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  14. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/Pages/news/us/en/2010/Jan/0105_Dec_Sales/_jcr_content/iconrow/textfile/file.res/Deliveries%20December%2009.xls
  15. ^ http://media.gm.com/content/dam/Media/gmcom/investor/2011/DeliveriesDecember2010.pdf
  16. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2011" (PDF). media.gm.com. 
  17. ^ "GM U.S. Deliveries for December 2012". media.gm.com. 

External links[edit]