Buick Park Avenue

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Buick Park Avenue
2001 Buick Park Avenue.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGeneral Motors (1991-2005)
Shanghai GM (2007-2012)
Production1990–2005 (U.S.)
2007–2012 (China)
Model years1991–2005 (U.S.)
2007–2012 (China)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size car
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive (1991–2005)
FR layout (2007–2012)
Chronology
PredecessorBuick Electra
Buick Royaum (China)
SuccessorBuick Lucerne

The Buick Park Avenue is a full-size car built by Buick. The nameplate was first used in 1975 for an appearance option package on the Electra 225 Limited. It became an Electra trim level in 1978 and its own model starting in 1990 (1991 model year) after the Electra was discontinued.

There were two generations of the Park Avenue that were manufactured in the United States until 2005. In 2007, the nameplate was revived on a large Buick sedan built by Shanghai GM for the Chinese market based on the Holden Caprice from the WM/WN range. The nameplate is derived from the affluent New York City boulevard, Park Avenue.

As a sub-model[edit]

The Park Avenue remained part of the Electra model family though 1990 however, Electra references were dropped starting with the 1989 model in conjunction with the addition of the new top trim line Park Avenue Ultra. Some considered the 1989 and 1990 models the "true" first generation Park Avenues but those cars were still technically Electras. The Park Avenue didn't become a standalone model until the 1991 model year.

Essence concept car[edit]

The Buick Park Avenue Essence was a concept car designed and engineered by the Buick division of General Motors to showcase advanced technology and styling. First shown in 1989 in a light green metallic color, the Essence made rounds through the auto show circuits later in a light white. Inside the Essence was a wide, sweeping instrument panel that housed a prototype Delco Navicar navigation system among other innovations. Smooth, graceful body lines forecast the eventual production Park Avenue, introduced in 1990. The Essence was powered by the then-new 165 hp version of Buick's 3800 OHV V6 engine.

First generation (1991–1996)[edit]

First generation
1st-Buick-Park-Avenue.jpg
Overview
TypePassenger car
ManufacturerBuick
Production1990–1996
Model years1991–1996
AssemblyHamtramck, Michigan, United States
Lake Orion, Michigan, United States
Wentzville, Missouri, United States
DesignerDave Holls (1988)[1]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformC-body
RelatedBuick LeSabre
Cadillac Sixty Special
Cadillac Fleetwood
Cadillac DeVille
Cadillac Seville
Oldsmobile 88
Oldsmobile 98
Pontiac Bonneville
Powertrain
Engine3800 V6 Series I L27 NA (91-94)

3800 V6 Series I L67 SC (91-94)
3800 V6 Series II L67 SC (1996)

3800 V6 Series II L36 NA (95-96)
Power outputL27 series I: 170 hp (91-94)
L36 series II: 205 hp (95-96)
L67 series I: 205 hp (91-93)
L67 series I: 225 (94-95)
L67 Series II: 240hp (96)
Transmission4-speed 4T60-E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase110.8 in (2,814 mm)
Length1991–93: 205.2 in (5,212 mm)
1994–96: 205.9 in (5,230 mm)
Width1991–93: 74.9 in (1,902 mm)
1994–96: 74.1 in (1,882 mm)
Height1991–93: 55.3 in (1,405 mm)
1994–96: 55.1 in (1,400 mm)
Curb weight3,536 lb (1,604 kg)
Chronology

The 1991 Park Avenue, introduced in July 1990, utilized GM's C platform. It was previewed by the 1989 Park Avenue Essence show car and the Park Avenue's silhouette was often compared to that of contemporary Jaguars and many of its styling cues, which included a large 'dollar-grin' grille mounted to the hood, rounded lines, and full-width tail lamps. These styling cues made their way to other Buick models restyled in the 1990s. The Park Avenue was Buick's largest front wheel drive sedan, but the even larger rear wheel drive Roadmaster returned to the lineup in 1991 for the station wagon and 1992 for the sedan.

The base model Park Avenue came with a 3.8 L naturally-aspirated V6 engine and plush velour interior upgradeable to leather. Starting in 1992, the Ultra came with a 3.8 L Supercharged V6 engine and standard leather interior.

The Park Avenue received various exterior and interior cosmetic changes, as well as powertrain updates, during this run. Some of the new options and features added to the first generation included side airbags, automatic ride control, interactive traction control, and programmable magnetic variable-effort steering.

European Market[edit]

The Park Avenue was available in Europe from 1991 to 1996 and varied from the North American version by featuring a truncated taillamps with separate amber turn signal indicators and red brake lamps, wider numberplate bezel, fitment of rear red fog lamps, headlamps with different lens pattern, white front side running markers, amber front turn signal indicators, side turn signal repeaters, "flagpole" external rear-view mirrors (mirrors on US version are fixed and do not turn), stronger seat belt and anchors, "softer" air bags, metric speedometer and gauges. They are to comply with the European regulatory and safety standards.

This generation of the Park Avenue was the last Buick to be officially marketed by GM in Europe. This move was to reduce the "cluttered" model range that confused the European consumers. After 1996, Cadillac and Chevrolet remained the sole General Motors North American brands to be sold in Europe.

Second generation (1997–2005)[edit]

Second generation
Buick Park Avenue -- 01-07-2012.jpg
Overview
Production1996–2005
Model years1997–2005
AssemblyHamtramck, Michigan, United States
Lake Orion, Michigan, United States
DesignerBill Porter[2]
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutTransverse front-engine, front-wheel drive
PlatformG platform[3]
RelatedOldsmobile Aurora
Cadillac DeVille
Cadillac Seville
Buick LeSabre
Pontiac Bonneville
Powertrain
Engine3.8 L Buick V6 (Series II)
3.8 L Buick V6 (Series II Supercharged)
Transmission4-speed 4T65-E automatic
4-speed 4T65-E HD automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase113.8 in (2,890 mm)
Length206.8 in (5,250 mm)
Width74.7 in (1,900 mm)
Height57.4 in (1,460 mm)
Curb weight3,778–3,884 lb (1,714–1,762 kg)

An updated Park Avenue was released in October 1996 as a 1997 model and was now built on GM's G platform; however GM chose to continue to refer to it as the C platform.[4] This new generation was powered by updated Series II variants of the 3800. As before, only Ultra models were supercharged. The base trim featured a hood ornament while the Ultra had a less conspicuous tri-shield inset on the upper edge of the grille. The base Park Avenue was the last USDM Buick to carry a factory hood ornament.

For 2001, the base model's cloth interior was dropped as an option in favor of now standard leather trim. Ultrasonic rear park assist was a new option that year as well. For 2003, trademark Buick "Ventiports" returned on the Park Avenue Ultra along with a bolder grille that carried a larger monochromatic tri-shield badge in the center.

For 2005, the final model year in North America, base Park Avenues received a revised grille, and the previously Ultra-exclusive ventiports. Also, the rear fascia was redone across the model line with a prominent chrome bar above the license plate holder with an embossed Park Avenue script and amber turn signal flashers.

The last 3,000 Park Avenues carried Special Edition badging that featured the namesake script underneath a silhouette of the New York City skyline. 300 of these were painted with a special two-tone black-on-platinum finish. Production ended on June 18, 2004.[citation needed]

The Park Avenue was discontinued after 2005 in the North American market and was replaced in 2006 by the Buick Lucerne. The Lucerne also replaced the higher-volume LeSabre.

Third generation (2007–2012)[edit]

Third Generation
Buick Park Avenue CN China 2012-05-27.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGM Shanghai
Also calledHolden Special Vehicles Grange/Senator Holden Caprice/Statesman
Chevrolet Caprice
Daewoo Veritas
HSV Grange
Bitter Vero
Production2007–2012
AssemblyShanghai, China (all parts)
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
PlatformGM Zeta platform
RelatedHolden Commodore
Pontiac G8
Chevrolet Camaro
Chevrolet Lumina
Powertrain
Engine2.8 L LP1 V6
3.0 L LF1 V6
3.6 L LY7 V6
Transmission6 speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,009 mm (118.5 in)
Length5,175 mm (203.7 in)
Width1,899 mm (74.8 in)
Height1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Chronology
PredecessorBuick Royaum
Back of the Buick Park Avenue

In April 2007, General Motors reintroduced the Park Avenue nameplate in China on a luxury sedan that replaced the Buick Royaum. Like its predecessor, the vehicle is based on the Australian-built Holden Caprice (this time on the contemporary WM/WN generation), though, unlike the Royaum, it was assembled by Shanghai GM from CKD kits.[5] It is offered in three trim levels: Comfort, Elite, and Flagship.

The Park Avenue was powered by Australian-built versions of the GM High Feature engine. The standard engines were the 2.8 L LP1 and the 3.6 L LY7 engine available as an option on the Elite and Flagship models from 2007 to 2009. The engine control unit is a Bosch E77 32-bit ECM processor.[6]

Type Displacement Power Torque
2.8 L LP1 V6 2,792 cc (170 cu in) 150 kW (201 hp) at 6500 rpm 265 N⋅m (195 lbf⋅ft) at 2600 rpm
3.6 L LY7 V6 3,564 cc (217 cu in) 187 kW (251 hp) at 6600 rpm 340 N⋅m (250 lbf⋅ft) at 2800 rpm
3.0 L LF1 V6 2,994 cc (183 cu in) 187 kW (251 hp) at 6700 rpm 296 N⋅m (218 lbf⋅ft) at 2900 rpm

In 2010, only one engine option was offered, a 3 L SIDI (270 bhp) replacing the old 2.8 V6 and 3.6 V6 due to fuel consumption with the 2.8 litre engine rated at 11.4 litres per 100 kilometres (20.6 MPG US) and the 3.6 litre engine rated 11.6 litres per 100 kilometres (20.3 MPG US) respectively. The 3 litre engine was rated 10.9 litres per 100 kilometres (21.6 MPG US).

The third-generation Park Avenue remained a China exclusive and was never offered by Buick in North America. A version of the car did eventually see release in the US market as the stripped down, rebadged Chevrolet Caprice PPV (Police Patrol Vehicle).

The car was discontinued in China in October 2012.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lamm, Michael. "Dave Holls, who led GM design, dies". Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. ^ "1997 Buick Park Avenue". Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  3. ^ Frame, Phil (16 January 1995). "GM H CARS MOVE TO G PLATFORM". Automotive News. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  4. ^ Frame, Phil (16 January 1995). "GM H CARS MOVE TO G PLATFORM". Automotive News. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  5. ^ Dornin, Tim (11 April 2007). "WM Statesman derived Buick to be assembled from CKD kits and sold in China". Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
  6. ^ Nunez, Alex (10 April 2007). "Buick reintroduces the Park Avenue...in China". Autoblog.
  7. ^ "Buick Park Avenue Is Coming to an End". ChinaAutoWeb. 22 October 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Buick Park Avenue at Wikimedia Commons