Building of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The presidency building of BiH
|Location||Centar Municipality, Sarajevo|
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Current tenants||Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Owner||Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Design and construction|
The Presidency Building (or the Building of the Presidency; Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian: Zgrada Predsjedništva / Зграда Предсједништва) is the official residence of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located in the Centar Municipality of Sarajevo, in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
After the Austro-Hungarian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878, the occupational administration required a headquarters in central Sarajevo to house various staff and military personnel. The new government building was commissioned by the first Mayor of Sarajevo Mustafa Fadilpašić and designed by the architect Josip Vancaš in the Renaissance style, and was constructed from 1884 to 1886. the building remained as the headquarters of the Austro-Hungarian regime in the area, housing government and military departments, as well as law courts and ceremonial rooms. After World War I, the building became the government headquarters of the Drina Banovina province in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, the building became the official residence of the President of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (within Yugoslavia), as well as the home of the Executive Committee of the People's Assembly. During the Bosnian War, the building was used by the Supreme Command of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina as its military headquarters. The building suffered external and internal damage during the war which has subsequently been partially restored.
Since 1996, the building has been used as the official residence of the collective Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. All of the collective heads of state (and deputies) use the building as their main residence in Sarajevo, as well as their ceremonial and working office. The cabinet of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina also meet at the building, and some government departments are located there (including the Archives of Bosnia and Herzegovina).
The building is also used for state and ceremonial functions, as well as receptions and meetings with visiting foreign dignitaries and heads of state.
During the 2014 Bosnia and Herzegovina social riots, the windows of the Presidency Building were broken with stones thrown by protesters who viewed the structure as a potent symbol of the Bosnia's chronic dysfunction; part of the building was also set on fire.
- "Bosnia protesters attack presidency building". Al Jazeera. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
- "Tear gas and water cannon used to disperse Bosnia protests". Irish Times. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
- "Protests Over Government and Economy Roil Bosnia". New York Times. 7 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
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