The buisine (Old French; also, busine, buysine, buzine) was a type of straight medieval trumpet usually made of metal, also called a herald's trumpet. It had a very long and slender body, usually one to two metres in length (some were reported to have been at least six feet in length) that tapered toward the end into a slightly flared bell. It is commonly seen in paintings being played by angels and often also bearing the banner of a nobleman. The term descends from Buccina, a Roman military horn.
The term is first found in the c1100 Chanson de Roland, and it was probably a general term for horns and trumpets rather than referring to a specific instrument. Early trumpets were slightly curved, but the term was applied c1300 to straight trumpets imported from the Middle East during the Crusades.
- Brown, Howard Mayer (2000). "Buisine". New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.
- Bowles, E.A. (1961). "Unterscheidung der Instrumente Buisine, Cor, Trompe, und Trompette". Archiv für Musikwissenschaft. 43: 52–72.
- Read the Encyclopædia Britannica article on the Buisine.
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