Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park
|Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park|
|Nearest city||Palangka Raya|
|Area||1,810 km2 (700 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Ministry of Forestry|
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park is a national park located on Borneo Island, Indonesia. It is named after the mountains of Bukit Baka (1,620 metres) and Bukit Raya (2,278 metres), part of the Schwaner mountain range at the border of Central and West Kalimantan.
Flora and fauna
There have been 817 species of plant recorded in the park, including from the families of Dipterocarpaceae, Myrtaceae, Sapotaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae and Ericaceae. Plants endemic to the island include Symplocos rayae, Gluta sabahana, Dillenia beccariana, Lithocarpus coopertus, Selaginnella magnifica and Tetracera glaberrima.
The park protects the habitat of clouded leopards, orangutans, sun bears (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), maroon leaf monkeys, slow lorises (Nycticebus coucang borneanus), sambar deer and flying squirrels. Bird species in the park include the black hornbill, helmeted hornbill, common emerald dove, little cuckoo-dove and Bornean peacock-pheasant.
Indigenous people in the park include the ethnic groups of the Dayak Limbai, Ransa, Kenyilu, Ot Danum, Malahui, Kahoi and Kahayan.
Conservation and threats
In 1978 a nature reserve of 500 km2 around Bukit Raya was established, and the next year it was extended to 1,100 km2. In 1982 the Bukit Baka nature reserve was established, comprising 1,000 km2. After several smaller alterations to the boundaries of both reserves, in 1992 the two protected areas were merged into the Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park comprising 1,810 km2.
- Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia: "Taman Nasional Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya" Archived November 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 4 December 2013
- Bellefroid, E. et al: "Additions to the Pteridophyte Flora of Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo" in American Fern Journal, Vol.97, No.1, 2007
- Heart of Borneo: "Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park", retrieved 4 December 2013
- Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia: "Taman Nasional Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya" Archived September 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 4 December 2013