Bukit Nanas, meaning "Pineapple Hill", is a small hill in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It contains the only virgin tropical rain forest left in the heart of Kuala Lumpur. The Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve is located here, and is open to the public. There are jungle trails, a visitors centre, and a forestry museum.
Bukit Nanas is known to be one of the earliest Malay settlements and the center of Malay power in early Kuala Lumpur. In around 1857, Raja Abdullah of Klang raised funds to open tin mines in the Ampang area, and in doing so, initiating the development of Kuala Lumpur as a major settlement on banks of the Klang River that would serve the mines further inland. In order to strengthen his authority in the area, Raja Abdullah then sent his Bugis lieutenant Syahbandar Yaseh with some armed men to serve as the garrison for Kuala Lumpur. Yaseh selected Bukit Nanas as the location to build a stockade in in the 1860s. A member of the garrison however killed someone from a Sumatran community, causing the Sumatrans to later side with Raja Mahdi in the Klang War during which Yaseh was killed. Traces of a tunnel dating to the Klang War period have been found in the area. A map of Kuala Lumpur sketched by Sir Frank Swettenham in 1875 showed a place marked as "Malay Rajah's house on hill" which is likely to be the Bukit Nanas stockade.
Raja Asal, a leader of Mandailing settlers in Selangor, switched side to Raja Mahdi during the war, and laid siege to Bukit Nanas in 1872. Kuala Lumpur was then taken by Raja Mahdi forces and destroyed. According to one story, pineapples ("nanas" in Malay) were grown all around the stockade as a deterrence against attackers. The place, said to be originally called Bukit Gombak by this account, therefore came to be known as Bukit Nanas meaning "Pineapple Hill".
In 1906, 17.5 hectare of land on Bukit Nanas was gazetted as a forest reserve. Large parts however have since been used for the development of the Kuala Lumpur Tower and other purposes, and now only 9.3 hectares of the forest reserve remains. It was initially known as Bucket Weld Forest Reserve, later renamed Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve.
Two of Malaysia's many British colonial era schools were built on this hill in the early twentieth century. They are the St John's Institution first established in 1904 and Convent Bukit Nanas. St. John's Institution has been gazetted as a National Heritage Site by the federal government. Another landmark on Bukit Nanas is the Roman Catholic St John's Cathedral.
A cable car service was built in Bukit Nanas in the 1970s but it has been discontinued since the 1980s. In August 2012 the forest was closed to the public whilst the cable car was rebuilt. The forest trail has since reopened, however, the cable car service has not yet been restored as of January 2015.
In 1996, the Kuala Lumpur Tower, which is the fifth tallest telecommunications tower in the world was built on the hill. It has an observation deck, a banquet floor and a revolving restaurant. The Bukit Nanas Monorail station opened in 2003.
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- Melo Villareal (June 24, 2012). "St. John’s Cathedral in Kuala Lumpur".
- "Bukit Nanas cable car service may return". The Star. 23 January 2015.
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