Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant
|Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant|
Location of Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant in Greenland
|Construction cost||$ 190.23 million|
|Units operational||3 x 15 MW|
|Nameplate capacity||45 MW|
The Buksefjord hydroelectric power plant is the first and largest hydroelectric power plant in Greenland. It was built by Nuuk-Kraft and it is operated by Nukissiorfiit - Greenland's national energy company.
In 1984–85, Greenland's energy authority prepared a Greenland's hydroelectricity development program. At that time all electricity in Greenland was produced by oil based fuels, but there had been a sharp rise in the oil prices the preceding years. Construction of a plant in Buksefjord was proposed by a private consortium in 1988. In 1989, four companies were invited to a public tender. However, later it was decided that construction of the plant will be financed by the Home Rule of Greenland and the plant will be rented to Nuuk-Kraft consortium. Construction of the plant was approved by the Parliament of Greenland in 1990. It was commissioned in 1993.
Unconventionally, the power station is situated 600 metres (2,000 ft) inside a mountain and it consists of 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) of tunnels. The upper reservoir, Kang Lake, is situated 249 metres (817 ft) over the sea level at Buksefjord. Due to damming and deep inlet, it has a total effective volume of 1.9 cubic kilometres (0.46 cu mi), which is six times more than the annual water consumption by the plant. From the lake, a 10.5-kilometre (6.5 mi) long inlet pressure tunnel runs down to the plant.
- Andersen, J. Raae; Teisen, Elisabeth (1990-07-06). "Grønlands første store vandkraftværk" [Greenland's first large hydroelectric power station]. Ingeniøren (in Danish). Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- "Hydropower in Greenland". Greenland Development. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- Holmsgaard, Erik (2008-12-05). "Buksefjorden for fuld kraft" [Buksefjord in full power]. Sermitsiaq (in Danish). Retrieved 2010-12-31.