District location in Uganda
|• Land||524.9 km2 (202.7 sq mi)|
|• Density||139.8/km2 (362/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Bukwo District is bordered by Amudat District to the north, Kenya to the east and south, and Kween District to the west and northwest. The town of Nukwo is approximately 83 kilometres (52 mi), by road, northeast of Mbale, the nearest large city. The coordinates of the district are 01 16N, 34 44E.
The district has many well-educated people, but many have left to find greater prosperity in the neighbouring country of Kenya.
Many of the district's roads are inaccessible or impassable. There is a widespread lack of electricity and telecommunication services throughout the district. The various Ugandan governments have not developed this part of the country, starting with the colonial governments in the early part of the 20th century, through the Obote I, Idi Amin, Obote II, and National Resistance Movement regimes.
Many of the inhabitants of Bukwo District live in abject poverty. The district is also plagued by persistent insecurity due to cattle raids and cattle rustling by ethnic groups from Karamoja located in northeastern Uganda and the Turkana and Pokot peoples from neighbouring Kenya. These challenges date to the 1950s and 1960s.
Most of the people from the northern part of the district have been internally displaced by cattle rustlers and have since not been resettled back in their original land. Some of these people opted to purchase land from areas that appeared secure while others who could not afford to purchase new land continue to exist as squatters on well-wishers' land.
In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at 30,700. The national census in 2002 estimated the population at 49,000, with an annual population growth rate of 4.2 percent. In 2012, the population was estimated at 73,400.
- "Road Distance Between Mbale And Bukwo With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Profile of Bukwo District". USAID. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
- "Estimated Population of Bukwo District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 18 May 2014.